MAGUIRE 7: Guardian online - The Telegraph online - A Great British Injustice: The Maguire Story TV -
16,836. Convictions against the Maguire Seven were ruled unsafe in 1990 after an inquiry exposed disturbing holes in the police's forensic evidence.
The seven – who included Gerard Conlon's father Guiseppe and his ailing aunt – were convicted of running an IRA bomb factory in north London in 1974.
Mr Conlon died in prison in 1980 while serving his 12-year sentence. He was cleared posthumously.
However, three appeal court judges found that traces of nitroglycerine found on their hands and gloves could have been the result of innocent contamination. Guardian online article Mark Oliver 15th January 2002
16,837. The four were all convicted on the basis of false confessions extracted after physical abuse and threats by Surrey police while detained under anti-terrorism laws. Among the coerced confessions was the assertion that the Maguire household was a bomb factory.
Police found no evidence of bomb-making, but they took swabs from under the fingernails of the family. Using later discredited forensic tests they said the family had handled the explosive nitroglycerine.
Seven people were jailed: Patrick, by then aged 14; his brother Vincent, 17; both their parents; Anne Maguire’s brother William Smyth; her brother in law Guiseppe Conlon (Gerry’s father) and a family friend, Patrick O’Neill. Patrick and Vincent were given sentences of four and five years respectively; their parents 14 years; their uncles and Patrick O’Neill 12 years.
The Maguire Seven all served their sentences apart from Guiseppe Conlon, who died in prison in 1980. In 1991 the Court of Appeal quashed their convictions after it ruled the evidence was unsafe.
When Patrick was arrested, a policeman turned to him and whispered: ‘By the time you get out of prison, you’ll be an old man. And you’ll not see your mum and dad again.’
‘That was the moment my childhood ended,’ Patrick says. (Miscarriage of Justice & Police) The Telegraph online article 28th April 2010 Richard Holt
122,562. This is the story of what British justice has done to an entire family, and at the heart of this what it has done to a 13 year old who is to this very day damaged as a result. A Great British Injustice: The Maguire Story, BBC 2018
122,563. He said, ‘I’d like to take you in there the woods and blow your fucking brains out … He had a gun against my head.’ ibid. young victim
122,564. The early 1970s in Northern Ireland were the most intense period of operation for the provisional IRA. In 1972 they took their bombing campaign to Britain. ibid.
122,565. Annie McGuire had lived in England for 20 years … One of the biggest miscarriages of justice in British legal history. ibid.
122,566. 8 innocent people were being brought to police stations across London and Guildford. ibid.
122,567. It didn’t take long for the interrogations to turn violent. ibid.
MALONEY, JOHN: True Crime with Aphrodite Jones TV - John Maloney online -
15,238. A veteran cop. A beautiful IRS agent. And a women living on the edge bound together with the mystery of a fiery death. Was it an accident or cold blooded murder? (Murder and Miscarriages of Justice) True Crime with Aphrodite Jones: Burning Passions
15,239. Eight months later Sandy is dead ... He [John] sees police coming to his door. (Murder and Miscarriages of Justice) ibid.
15,240. Evidence the jury never got to see ... A botched attempt at suicide. (Murder and Miscarriages of Justice) ibid.
15,241. The case against John Maloney began in error, was compounded by fraud, and brought to fruition by collusion and deceit.
Milwaukee Assistant ME John Teggatz, who was given a deceased, badly burned body with no context, no medical or social history, mistook tardieu spots for petechiae. Tardieu spots are small blood spots formed after death by lividity, that is, the body’s position upon death. Petechiae are caused when small blood vessels are ruptured due to force such as strangulation. There were no other indications of strangulation, so Dr Teggatz’s opinion was tentative: ‘Probable manual strangulation.’ But that was enough for Wis Dept of Justice criminal investigators, Kim Skorlinski and Greg Eggum.
If it was murder, the fire had to be arson. After digging through the debris for 12 days, there was still no evidence of a set fire – so agent Eggum invented it. He portrayed ‘run marks’ from burning, melting sofa cushion fill as ‘pour patterns’ from using a liquid accelerant to set the fire. (An accelerant is a substance, usually liquid, that makes a fire burn faster.) To back up his claim, agent Eggum reported conducting an undocumented burn test in which he set fire to a piece of the polyurethane foam cushion. He said the foam held a flame but did not ‘run’. That’s like saying that the sun rose, but it came up in the west, a blatant misstatement of scientific fact. Agent Eggum bet that jurors wouldn’t get it, and they didn’t.
Agent Eggum was not deterred when the crime lab could find no trace of the petroleum-based products normally used to start fire – gasoline, kerosene, lighter fluid, charcoal lighter and the like. There were so many empty vodka bottles littering Sandy’s home that it was an easy substitute. Agent Eggum could be fairly sure most people wouldn't realize that 80-proof vodka is 60% water, and works better to put out a fire than to start one. But just in case, at trial he testified to another undocumented burn test. He said he lit 80-proof vodka, and that it burned ‘very hot and very fast’. He was right. The jurors didn’t catch it.
Independent experts have reviewed this case, pro bono, and agree that there was no murder, no arson. But none of the real evidence has been heard by any court.
A 2005 CBS 48 Hours segment by reporter Susan Spencer took a closer look at the scientific foundation for the state's claim that the Maloney fire was arson – a claim the state has vigorously refused to re-examine. (Murder and Miscarriages of Justice) John Maloney online article
MAY, SUSAN: Innocent as Charged TV -
107,406. Susan May is a convicted murderess. She’s spent twelve years in some of the toughest prisons in Britain, and rubbed shoulders with the likes of Rose West and Myra Hindley. But should Susan have been in prison in the first place? Or has an innocent woman been convicted of a crime she did not commit? (Murder & Miscarriage of Justice) Innocent as Charged, Dreamscope TV 2013
107,407. On 11th March 1992 a brutal murder occurred in a picturesque part of the north-west. 89 year old Hilda Marchbank … her house was ransacked and Hilda was brutally beaten, stripped and suffocated. (Murder & Miscarriage of Justice) ibid.
107,408. Another neighbour had spotted the car earlier that night and gave a detailed description of it to the police as he thought the three men inside were up to no good. (Murder & Miscarriage of Justice) ibid.
107,409. Susan’s case was sliding away from her: the jury never heard about the eye-witness testimony to the red car and the unidentified footprints and fibres suggesting the presence of a burglar. (Murder & Miscarriage of Justice) ibid.
McNAMEE, DANNY: Innocent online - Guardian Unlimited online -
16,887. Danny McNamee was convicted in London on 27 October 1987 of conspiracy to cause explosions. An appeal was dismissed in January 1991.
The case was referred by the CCRC to the Court of Appeal in July 1997. The appeal court quashed the conviction on 17 December 1998, ruling that the verdict was unsafe because there had been a failure to disclose relevant evidence. Innocent online article
16,888. Scant attention was devoted last month to the successful outcome of the appeal of Danny McNamee, known as the ‘Hyde Park bomber’. In publicity terms, McNamee was doubly disadvantaged: not only was the judgment overshadowed by pre-Christmas festivities, it was also given on a day when the news agenda was focused on Baghdad. With Britain and the US dropping so many bombs on Iraq, who was interested in a man who, we belatedly learnt, hadn’t bombed anyone at all?
Yet the judgment was of immense importance, for it offered yet another proof of how catastrophically flawed the British justice can be; and because the appeal judges fundamentally restated the legal position with regard to appeals.
McNamee had supposedly manufactured the bomb that exploded in July 1982, killing four soldiers and seven horses.
The Crown’s case rested on three fingerprints: one each on short lengths of insulating tape in two caches of explosives-making equipment discovered in Pangbourne and Salcey forests, and a thumbprint on a Duracell battery recovered from the debris after a controlled explosion in Kensington. Guardian Unlimited online article December 1998
MILLER, NEIL: Crime Stories TV - Innocence Project online -
16,838. Is the mind reliable? Desperate to prove his innocence a young man reaches out to a team of lawyers. Crime Stories: Unforgettable Face: Stories of the Innocence Project
16,839. The man bursts into her apartment wielding a large screwdriver. ibid.
16,840. Miller is booked for raping the Emerson student ... sentence: 26-45 years in prison. ibid.
16,841. The compelling eye-witness ID from the victim herself. ibid.
16,842. Neil Miller’s DNA is finally compared against the crime scene evidence. ibid.
16,843. Neil Miller is exonerated. ibid.
16,844. The attacks were likely committed by a serial rapist. ibid.
16,845. Neil Miller’s case is one of a startling number of wrongful convictions in Massachusetts. ibid.