Heritage: The Battle for Britain’s Past TV - Will Self - Paul Rand - Marcel Wanders - Philip E Johnson - Robert Hewison - Arthur Erickson - Andrew Graham-Dixon TV - The Brits Who Designed the Modern World TV - The Bauhaus Spirit TV - Bauhaus 100 TV - Frank Lloyd Wright: The Man Who Built America TV - Frank Lloyd Wright TV - Great Artists in Their Own Words TV - The Romantics & Us with Simon Schama TV - The Adventures of Modern Art TV - The Art of Architecture TV - Eric Kandel - Jonathan Meades TV - David Starkey TV -
Out of the ruins was born the modern listing system that signalled a new hopefully safer future for the best old buildings of Britain. Heritage! The Battle for Britain's Past III: Broken Propylaeums
It was even called the Rape of Britain ... Modernism became discredited. ibid.
The provision of new housing: a new generation of architects was ready. ibid.
Georgian buildings remained underrated. ibid.
In his trusty Austin 1100 and taking twenty-three years to do it, [Nikolaus] Pevsner methodically criss-crossed the country cataloguing England’s most important buildings. ibid.
The fight to save the Euston Arch [Propylaeum] from demolition. ibid.
The attack on old buildings continued for several years. ibid.
By 1975 ... the country was losing a listed building every day to demolition. ibid.
I’m English enough to feel something of a gut-reaction to modernism, to continental philosophising and anything that smacks of a refusal to pay attention to the forensics: the empirical facts on the ground. Will Self
I haven’t changed my mind about modernism from the first day I ever did it … It means integrity; it means honesty; it means the absence of sentimentality and the absence of nostalgia; it means simplicity; it means clarity. That’s what modernism means to me. Paul Rand
Modernism is an outmoded way of thinking about design: it just doesn’t reflect the way we live now. It always puts forward this idea that the past is irrelevant to tomorrow – and tomorrow is all that matters. But the past is part of who we are. Marcel Wanders
Modernism is typically defined as the condition that begins when people realize God is truly dead, and we are therefore on our own. Philip E Johnson
Post-modernism is modernism with the optimism taken out. Robert Hewison
Modernism released us from the constraints of everything that had gone before with a euphoric sense of freedom. Arthur Erickson
Throughout the rest of the century, Scandinavian designers and architects would embrace the modern. Andrew Graham-Dixon, Art of Scandinavia III: Democratic by Design, BBC 2016
The Stockholm Exhibition of 1930: a showcase for Scandinavia’s design and architecture. ibid.
Functionalism … believed that if you streamlined everyday objects this would change not just the way people thought about furniture but the world itself. ibid.
As well as the money, there was the will to build on an industrial scale. ibid.
The new design museum is open in Kensington, London. Masterpieces of design are arriving. It’s a showcase for the genius of design that has inspired the world. Since the Second World War designers have revolutionised every aspect of our lives. The Brits Who Designed the Modern World, BBC 2016
A roof terrace, a primary school with a paddling pool, a movie screen made of concrete, a sports hall; inside corridors that stretch one hundred and fifty metres, 337 apartments for 1,600 residents under one roof. The Bauhaus Spirit, Sky Arts 2019
The twentieth century was rich in visions of utopia and better societies. The questions was, How to build a new world. And who could build it. ibid.
It was first and foremost a school: a campus home for Utopians, inventors and dreamers. ibid.
‘This kind of interdisciplinary thinking and working.’ ibid.
The Bauhaus moved far away from its Arts & Crafts room, and with this building it jumped straight into the industrial movement. ibid.
Now it was time for large apartment buildings. ibid.
Modern architecture from Europe lived on in the international style of New World cities. ibid.
‘First they had to improve buildings, then the city had to be viewed globally. The most famous congress was when a group travelled by boat from Marseille to Athens: Walter Gropius le Corbusier, Miles van der Rohe. Together, these modernists developed the idea of a charter which was intended to be a guide for urban planners.’ ibid. dude
100 years ago, an art school opened in Germany that would change the world forever. It was called the Bauhaus. A century later, its radical thinking still shapes our lives today. Bauhaus 100, captions, BBC 2019
The Bauhaus was the first truly revolutionary design movement. It’s a movement that only existed for fourteen years and yet it had a kind of worldwide impact. ibid. Michelle Ogundehin
The Bauhaus was the brainchild of Walter Gropius who created the school and became its first director, and is now considered one of the greatest architects and educators of the twentieth century. ibid.
Gropius now produced a manifesto, a kind of mission statement in which he outlined his vision. At the Bauhaus all the disciplines would come together to create what he considered to be the pinnacle of artistic achievement: a building. ibid.
August 1923 marked the opening of the first great Bauhaus exhibition. ibid.
‘Nazis go into the building and throw furniture out the window. There’s talk of burning the building down.’ ibid. art lady
Frank Lloyd Wright is the greatest ever American architect. Buildings like the Guggenheim museum, the Johnson Wax building and Fallingwater are masterpieces, redefining what was possible and became famous the world over. Frank Lloyd Wright: The Man Who Built America, BBC 2017
Frank Lloyd Wright built over 500 buildings. ibid.
The buildings even became known as prairie houses. ibid.
Taliesin: Wright’s ideal of how architecture and nature should coexist … organic architecture. ibid.
The Ennis house 1924: this is a fortress … a building that perfectly suits its city [Los Angeles]. ibid.
The greatest house of the 20th century: Fallingwater. ibid.
Frank Lloyd Wright was the greatest of all American architects. For more than seventy years he showed his countrymen new ways to build ... He created some of the most monumental and some of the most intimate spaces in America. He designed everything. Frank Lloyd Wright I, Ken Burns & Lynn Novick, PBS 1998
Frank Lloyd Wright broke all the rules in his work and his life. ibid.
Order out of chaos. ibid.
By 1909 Frank Lloyd Wright seemed to have everything an ambitious architect could want ... But appearances were deceiving. ibid.
What he liked to call organic architecture. ibid.
When the Imperial [hotel] was finally completed Wright’s Japanese clients were delighted. ibid.
Even members of Wright’s own family turned against him. ibid.
His critics wrote him off as out of date ... In the years to come he would eclipse everything that had gone before. ibid.
To keep his name and his ideas alive and to lure new clients she urged her husband to lecture and to write. Frank Lloyd Wright II, Ken Burns & Lynn Novick
Wright professed nothing but contempt for modernism. ibid.
Wright named his building Fallingwater: it would eventually become the most famous modern house in the world. And he had drawn it all in less than three hours. ibid.
At seventy Wright’s career had been reborn. ibid.
Over the next fifteen years Wright and his fellowship turned out drawings and plans for more than three hundred and fifty buildings. ibid.