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57,709. The deadliest plague of all occurred during the Middle Ages – the Black Death. The Bubonic Plague devastated Europe in the 1340s killing between 25 and 50,000,000 people ... By the year 1400 it’s thought the death toll may have reached 100,000,000 people worldwide, reducing the population of Europe by as much as 50% ... The Spanish Flu was more deadly than the Great War. (Plague & Middle Ages & Flu) Seven Signs of the Apocalypse
84,724. People who are always praising the past
And especially the times of faith as best
Ought to go and live in the Middle Ages
And be burnt at the stake as witches and sages. (Past & Witch & Middle Ages) Stevie Smith, The Past 1957
83,241. William’s victory at the Battle of Hastings has given us England’s most famous date: 1066. But this wasn’t just a battle, it was a momentous turning point in European history. In the years that followed, the Normans transformed England, and then the rest of Britain and Ireland ... across Europe, from northern France to southern Italy and on to the Middle East and Jerusalem. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages & Battle) Professor Robert Bartlett, The Normans I 2010
83,246. A forest of masts lit up with burning torches slipped across the Channel. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,247. On this hillside on Saturday 14th of October 1066 a single battle between a few thousand men permanently changed the course of history in England and beyond. It was said to have taken place at the Grey Apple Tree. Nowadays the site is simply known as Battle. (Normans & France & England & Battle & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,248. Two early accounts of the battle say that an arrow struck the King in the eye. The King was dead. And a world was coming to an end. (Normans & France & England & Battle & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,249. The future belonged to the Normans. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,250. William the Conqueror established the Normans as a formidable force in history. He dominated Normandy for fifty-two years. But his greatest achievement was the conquest of England in 1066. The years that followed saw one of the most fundamental transformations in British history. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages) Professor Robert Bartlett, The Normans II 2010
83,251. The coronation of William the Conqueror marks one of the sharpest breaks there has ever been in English history. Anglo-Saxon England was dead. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,252. This was a complete militarisation of England. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,253. This is known of systematic slaughter and destruction is known as the Harrying of the North. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,254. Alongside hundreds of castles they built abbeys and cathedrals on a scale never seen before in England. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages & Abbey & Cathedral) ibid.
83,255. The monks attempted to force William’s corpse into the space. According to Audrick his swollen belly burst and an intolerable stench filled the noses of the crowd. (Normans & France & England & Middle Ages & Smell) ibid.
83,256. Savagery and piety. Conquest and colonisation. The Normans used every weapon in their armoury to re-shape Norman France and the British Isles. They were powerful rulers and state builders. And their legacy can be seen all around us. (Normans & England & France & Crusades & Jerusalem & Middle Ages) Professor Robert Bartlett, The Normans III: Normans of the South
60,559. In 1099 an international force of 10,000 soldiers stormed through the streets of Jerusalem. This would be the most divisive part of the Norman inheritance: the first Crusade. Among the leaders were Norman knights, including the son of William the Conqueror. As the Crusaders tore through the Holy City they cut down thousands of Muslims. According to one chronicler the slaughter was so great men waded in blood up to their ankles. (Crusades & Jerusalem & Normans & England & France & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,257. But what the Normans were really hungry for was territory and the fertile plains of southern Italy must have presented a tempting site. Southern Italy was a promised land ripe for the picking. (Normans & Italy & France & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,258. Muslim Sicily was a difficult island to conquer. (Normans & Italy & France & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,259. On their way to Jerusalem the Crusaders arrived at the capital of the Byzantine Empire – Constantinople was one of the greatest cities of the medieval world. (Normans & Byzantine & France & Crusades & Jerusalem & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,260. Bohemond established a new Norman state – the principality of Antioch. (Normans & Turkey & France & Crusades & Jerusalem & Middle Ages) ibid.
60,560. On the night of 10th July 1099 the Crusaders attacked in force from both north and south using battering rams and siege towers. For two days the conflict hung in the balance. Then the Crusaders broke into the city. Tancred was amongst the leaders. Pillage and massacre followed. The Crusaders rampaged through the city seizing gold and silver as they went. The slaughter of the Muslims was savage. Chroniclers record that thousands were killed. (Crusades & Jerusalem & Normans & France & Middle Ages) ibid.
60,561. The Normans had taken part in a slaughter that would never be forgiven. (Crusades & Jerusalem & France & Normans & Middle Ages) ibid.
83,261. For three hundred years the Normans were among the most dynamic forces in Europe. They colonised countries and created new states and kingdom. They became patrons of art and learning. And they transformed the landscape with magnificent castle and cathedrals. But the age of the Normans wouldn’t last for ever. In England the Norman dynasty founded by Norman the Conqueror gave was to the Plantagenets. (Normans & England & France & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,513. To the early medieval mind the world could appear as mysterious, even enchanted. Behind the wonder was a faith that the world was divinely ordered. But in time that faith would be shaken by an extraordinary cultural revolution: a revolution in the way we think, in the way we analyse the physical world and in our experience of other cultures and continents. (England & Middle Ages) Dr Robert Bartlett, Inside the Medieval Mind I: Knowledge
30,514. There’s scholarship, science, intellectual exploration and sophisticated logic. (England & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,515. Medieval records are brimful of sightings of strange creatures. (England & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,516. Throughout the Middle Ages people believed things that today strike us as paradoxical. (England & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,517. Human reasoning, argued [Thomas] Aquinus, derives from God. (England & Reason & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,518. Contact with the Arab world brought more than an introduction to Aristotle. (England & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,519. Bacon’s vision of a technological future clearly signals a radical shift that was to occur in our attitude to the physical world. (England & Science & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,520. In the medieval world women are adored but also prompt loathing and disgust. (England & Women & Middle Ages) Dr Robert Bartlett, Inside the Medieval Mind II: Sex
30,521. Most parents would have lost one or more of their children. (England & Children & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,522. Humans beings occupied a position halfway between the animals and the angels. (England & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,523. The cult of virginity exerted a powerful grip on the minds of many medieval women. (England & Women & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,524. The Black Death was a fourteenth century apocalypse. (England & Plague & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,525. Between the 10th and 15th centuries the West was dominated by religious and supernatural beliefs. (England & Belief & Middle Ages) Dr Robert Bartlett, Inside the Medieval Mind III: Belief
30,526. The connection between this world and the next was an everyday reality. (England & Belief & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,527. Relics ... objects of supernatural power, they were to be approached with awe. (England & Belief & Relic & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,528. Medieval pilgrimage became a great industry. (England & Belief & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,529. The word of the Church was the word of God. (England & Belief & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,530. Jews were treated with growing intolerance. (England & Jew & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,531. Hostility towards Jews was fuelled by an increasingly intolerant Church and State. (England & Jewry & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,532. They wouldn’t return until the time of Oliver Cromwell. (England & Jewry && Middle Ages) ibid.
30,533. Wycliffe returned to Lutterworth forbidden to ever speak out against the Church ... The religious landscape of Britain would never be the same again. (England & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,534. Inequality and oppression were part of the natural order ordained by God. This was a class of staggering extremes. (England & Class & Inequality & Oppression & Middle Ages) Dr Robert Bartlett, Inside the Medieval Mind IV: Power
30,535. A noble’s life was worth six times a peasant’s. (England & Class & Inequality & Oppression & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,536. Serfs had to work on their lord’s lands ... For most serfs there was no escape. (England & Class & Inequality & Oppression & Middle Ages) ibid.
30,537. Inequality was enforced by law. (England & Class & Inequality & Oppression & Middle Ages) ibid.