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In the case of Guatemala and Chile it was necessary to resort to economic strangulation, subversion, and military force to overthrow the democratic regimes and establish the preferred regional standards. Noam Chomsky, Deterring Democracy
The number of poor rising from one million after Allende to seven million today, while the population has remained stable at twelve million. ibid.
Environmental degradation is also a severe problem in Chile. ibid.
Washington firmly supported Pinochet’s regime of violence and terror and had no slight role in its initial triumph. Noam Chomsky, Failed States audio
Independent nationalism threatens to be a virus that might infect others … The virus of democratic socialism in Chile which he [Kissinger] was afraid might infect others … that the model of democratic socialism might be successful in showing and might inspire others … therefore it had to be destroyed. Noam Chomsky, lecture Washington State University 2005, ‘Imminent Crises’
The liquid that emerges from the millions of [Chilean] faucets in the homes and alleys of Santiago have levels of copper, iron, magnesium and lead which exceed by many times the maximum possible norms. Apsi journal, cited Chomsky
Most of modern-day Chile, Bolivia and Peru united under Inca rule. Mankind: The Story of All of Us V, History Channel 2012
The military has overthrown Allende’s Socialist government nominating General Pinochet their permanent head. Corleone VI starring Caludio Gioe & Daniele Liotti & Simona Cavallari & Marco Leonardi & Salvatore Lazzaro & Marco Leonardi & Alfredo Pea et al, television news
Chile had survived as a model democracy since 1932; they would not survive Nixon and Kissinger. Oliver Stone’s Untold History of the United States VII: Johnson, Nixon and Vietnam: Reversal of Fortune, Showtime 2012
11th September 1973: US stages coup in Chile. Democratically elected President Salvador Allende assassinated. Dictator Augusto Pinochet installed. 5,000 Chileans murdered. Michael Moore, Bowling for Columbine, 2002
August 5th 2010: the Atacama Desert in northern Chile is shaken by one of the worst accidents in mining history. Thirty-three miners are buried under some eight hundred thousand tons of rock. Their families rushed to the scene. The government of Chile takes charge and orders three ingenious plans to drill into the mountain. No-one in history has survived this deep or this long underground. Chilean Miners: Buried Alive, National Geographic 2011
They range in age from nineteen to sixty-three. ibid.
The mine owners believed their mine to be safe. ibid.
One man recalls a butterfly inside the shaft moments before the cave-in. Two miners who were driving out of the tunnel would have been crushed had they not stopped to look at it. ibid.
Numerous suits are filed against the San Esteban Mining Company. Their assets are seized in order to ensure payments for the rescue effort. ibid.
While the world is concentrated on the 33, the other 250 workers of the San Jose and the San Antonio mines, which have been shut down since the accident, have been out of work for almost two months. ibid.
On September 27th the first of the Fenix pods arrives at Camp Hope. ibid.
Up to one billion viewers worldwide watched the ... finale of Chile’s greatest endeavour. ibid.
A miracle beyond imagining: to rescue intact thirty-three human beings who were trapped underground longer than anyone in the history of mining. Against all odds Operation San Lorenzo becomes a symbol of unity, endurance, and faith, and changed Chile and the miners for ever. ibid.
The Atacama Desert Northern Chile: On August 5th 2010 a massive explosion rocked this landscape, and thirty-three miners were trapped half a mile below. For seventeen days the miners have no contact with the world outside. Chilean Miners: 17 Days Buried Alive, BBC 2011
The copper mine at San Jose was notorious; it paid higher wages to compensate for a bad safety record. ibid.
No-one was even sure how many men were down the mine. ibid.
The men were expecting to find at least two days’ supply of food as required by mining regulations. Management had once again failed to prepare for an emergency. ibid.
The temperature in the mine was over forty degrees. ibid.
On the third day there was a further collapse. ibid.
The daily prayers were followed by a general meeting at which decisions were taken establishing democracy from the beginning. ibid.
The miners had established daily routines but still had no idea if anyone was even looking for them. ibid.
Their campaign succeeded; soon drills began to appear from all over Chile. ibid.
So on day seventeen the rescuers’ camera found not rubble but the first images of the missing men. They would have to wait another fifty-two days before they could be brought to the surface. ibid.
Privately, they are still haunted by what they lived through. ibid.
The Atacama in Chile: this is the driest desert in the world. Some parts may not see rain for fifty years. David Attenborough, Planet Earth s5: Deserts, BBC 2006
I don’t see why we need to stand by and watch a country go communist due to the irresponsibility of its people. The issues are much too important for the Chilean voters to be left to decide for themselves. Henry Kissinger
I realised that he [Henry Kissinger] was a frightened man. Because I became aware that he was personally frightened by the consequences of the arrest of General Pinochet. When the news of that hit he instantly thought, Could I be next? Christopher Hitchens
Last year Kissinger was enjoying a trip to Paris when a French judge served him with a subpoena to answer questions about US involvement in Chile thirty years ago. That issue was Operation Condor: a campaign of murder and torture conducted by the regime of Augusto Pinochet. The Trials of Henry Kissinger, director Eugene Jarecki, 2002
Early in 1970 Pepsi and IT&T were concerned about political developments in Chile ... [Salvador] Allende promised to nationalise Chile’s copper industry, a direct threat to IT&T and of concern to other American corporations. ibid.
After Schneider’s death Allende was elected, but the efforts of Kissinger and Nixon to overthrow Allende would ultimately succeed. In 1973 military forces launched a coup in Santiago, killing Allende. Augusto Pinochet would assume power and begin a reign of terror that would last seventeen years. The date was September 11th. ibid.
People starve to death for a number of reasons; the least understood reason is the denial of food for motives of politics and profit. John Pilger, Zap! The Weapon is Food For Dictators, 1976
One of the weapons that brought down the democratically elected Allende government in Chile was food. On Dr Kissinger’s orders most American food aid to Chile was cut off, and hunger and disorder followed, leading to a military take-over which brought Chile back into the American fold. And of course once the generals and admirals were in power, Chile got its food back. ibid.
Up to 1974 the US government had paid American farmers $3 billion not to plant millions of acres of cereal crops. This kept the world price inflated. And as a result the food that was available was beyond the reach of those countries on the Zap List like Chile, and countries like Bangladesh that were considered strategically expendable and had no reserves of hard currency. ‘Hunger,’ said President Harry Truman, ‘is fostered not by scarcity but by greed.’ ibid.
This is Santiago, the capital of Chile. In 1973 the national stadium was turned into a concentration camp, as a military coup backed by the United States overthrew the democratically elected government of Salvador Allende. The leader of the coup was a fascist, General Augusto Pinochet, who rounded up Allende’s supporters. John Pilger, War on Democracy, ITV 2007
Victor Haro was Chile’s greatest balladeer. His songs had celebrated the popular democracy of the government of Salvador Allende. He was taken to the stadium, where he was a source of strength for his fellow prisoners, singing for them until soldiers beat him to the ground and smashed his hands. In his last poem smuggled out of the stadium, he wrote: