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★ Canal

Canal: see Venice & Engineering & Building & Water & Coal & Steam & Industrial Revolution & Cotton & Steel & Mining & Factory & Manufacturing & Wool & River & Transport & System

Michael Wood TV - Jeremy Black TV - Fred Dibnah TV - Mark Williams TV - Rory McGrath TV - Ronald Top TV - John Burke TV - Canals: The Making of a Nation TV - Panama Canal Revealed TV - Manchester's Serial Killer TV - Michael Buerk TV -

 

 

30,167.  This was the great age of canals.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Canals)  Michael Wood, The Great British Story: A People’s History: Industry & Empire 7/8

 

 

49,239.  The canals – the motorways of the eighteenth century.  (Industry & Industrial Revolution & Canal & Great Britain & England)  Professor Jeremy Black, Why the Industrial Revolution Happened Here, BBC 2013

 

 

50,094.  The eighteenth century saw the building of the first canals and with it the birth of civil engineering.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain & Bridge)  Fred Dibnah’s Building of Modern Britain: Building the Canals

 

50,095.  The canals were like the arteries of the industrial revolution.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

50,096.  [James] Brindley was actually a mining engineer ... Work on the Bridgewater Canal started in 1759 ... It was opened in 1765.  It was an immediately success ... A major engineering achievement.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

50,097.  His Barton aqueduct which carried boats forty feet above the river was so amazing in its time it was considered one of the wonders of the world.  There’s not much of it left now.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain & Bridge)  ibid.

 

50,098.  A canal across the Pennines from Leeds to Liverpool ... A hundred and twenty seven miles and climbed over the Pennine chain – the backbone of England.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

50,099.  The whole enterprise was incredibly expensive.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

50,100.  There’s more to lock gates than meets the eye.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

50,101.  Elm is a beautiful timber for chucking in water and lasting for ever.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

50,102.  It took six years to build this tunnel under atrocious conditions ... Cut and cover - where they dig a great tunnel through the hillside and then put in the centering ... Lay the masonry which had all been cut to shape ... Cover the whole lot up ... Withdraw the wedges from underneath the centering ... And keep advancing like that ... A beautiful stone arch tunnel.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & Tunnel & Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

50,103.  Those early civil engineers who built the Leeds and Liverpool Canal helped to revolutionise transport in Britain.  They made cheap travel across the Pennines possible, and laid the foundations for the Industrial Age.  They helped turn Britain into the Workshop of the World in the Victorian Age.  (Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & Transport & Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

 

50,104.  The canals were like the arteries of the Industrial Revolution.  They helped to provide cheaper goods and raw materials.  (Canal & Industrial Revolution & Transport & Great Britain & England)  Fred Dibnahs World of Steam, Steel and Stone: Changing the Landscape

 

 

48,614.  Why not use the water?  Why not treat it as a resource?  In the same way you treat the coal you’ve so heavily won underground.  Why not use it to create a canal so that you can transport your coal to your points of sale?  (Coal & Engineering & Water & Mining & Canal)  Mark Williams, Industrial Revelations: Boom Time

 

50,105.  As early as 1500 Leonardo da Vinci was designing locks like this with mitre gates.  ibid.

 

50,106  Just like the Romans, Brindley built his aqueduct in stone.  ibid.

 

50,107.  Replaced by this – the Barton Swing Aqueduct.  Designed by another great engineer Edward Leader Williams.  ibid.

 

50,108.  The Duke of Bridgewater has built himself a super-efficient transport system to get his coal to Manchester.  ibid.

 

50,109.  Arkwright’s canal: but the irony was he died two years before it was completed.  And it wasn’t enough.  They still needed more routes out of the valley ... The Peak Forest canal was the other side of the peak district and ran to Manchester.  ibid.

 

50,111.  Cotton was the first industry to be revolutionised.  (Canal & Cotton & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England & Manchester)  ibid. 

 

 

48,615.  And it was local [Birmingham] traders who took the initiative.  In 1769 they commissioned James Brindley to build a canal connecting the local coal mines to the canal.  The price of coal halved, cutting costs in the metal workshops.  (Coal & Mining & Canal & Engineering & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England)  Mark Williams, Industrial Revolutions: Coining It

 

 

50,112.  Brindley had some serious problems to overcome ... It was an extraordinary feat of engineering.  And it took great courage and huge bravado to even conceive of doing this: the newspapers called it the Eighth Wonder of the World ... His extraordinary tunnel is now disused.  (Canal & Tunnel & Boat & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England & Engineering)  Mark Williams: Industrial Revelations: Clocking on e3

 

50,113.  Because he’d already set the dimensions of the tunnel at seven feet wide all boats now on this system are the dimensions of this working boat, about seventy by seven, a ratio of ten to one: a narrow-boat.  (Canal & Tunnel & Boat & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England & Engineering)  ibid.

 

 

50,114.  The Leeds and Liverpool canal links two counties that have never quite seen eye to eye.  Across the spine of England – the Pennines.  And it made them – Lancashire and Yorkshire – very rich indeed, thank you very much.  (Canal & Industrial Revolution & Engineering & Great Britain & England)  Mark Williams: Industrial Revelations: Pennine Passage e4

 

50,115.  Lime also makes great mortar.  And so as the building increased so did the demand for lime carried on the canal.  But it also became an important trade route for another cargo: woollen goods.  (Canal & Industrial Revolution & Engineering & Great Britain & England & Wool)  ibid.

 

50,116.  Finally it was finished in 1816.  All one hundred and forty one miles of it.  With the canal came a massive increase in trade and industry to Yorkshire and Lancashire.  (Canal & Industrial Revolution & Engineering & Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

 

105,196.  This is the Caledonian canal.  And it is the most beautiful canal in Britain.  It was built for ships of 400 tons, designed to transform the Highlands economy.  It employed hundreds of men for years and makes the English canals with their narrow boats seem half-hearted.  But it was never successful.  (Canal & Industrial Revolution & Engineering & Great Britain & England)  Mark Williams, Industrial Revelations: Highland Flop e9

 

 

53,605.  Soon an extraordinary canal network, the most extensive in the world, fanned out creating a new industrial Britain.  (Canal & Steam & Transport & Industrial Revolution & Engineering & Great Britain & England)  Rory McGrath’s Best of British Engineering: Transport Systems e6   

 

50,093.  The golden age of canals was short-lived.  By the mid-nineteenth century a new invention had revolutionised transport: the steam engine.  (Canal & Steam & Transport & Industrial Revolution & Engineering & Great Britain & England)  ibid. e6 

 

 

50,117.  In seventeenth-century France they built one of the greatest engineering feats of its time: a massive canal across the country from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean Sea.  (Canal & France & Engineering & Industrial Revolution)  Ronald Top, Industrial Revelations: The European Story: The Canal King e2

 

50,118.  By 1668 Riquet’s reservoir and mountain channel were well under construction.  He had solved the problem of how to fill the canal with water.  (Canal & France & Engineering & Industrial Revolution)  ibid.

 

50,119.  This was no ordinary sized canal.  Riquet’s ambitious plan was to build a canal with twice the volume of any built before, so that it would be deep enough to carry ocean-going boats.  (Canal & France & Engineering & Industrial Revolution)  ibid.   

 

50,120.  Riquet employed 12,000 workers to carve out the canal ... They even received sick-pay.  (Canal & France & Engineering & Industrial Revolution)  ibid.

 

50,121.  No-one had ever built a tunnel for a canal before.  It was nicknamed Le Mal-Pas (the bad step).  (Canal & France & Engineering & Tunnel & Industrial Revolution)  ibid.

 

 

67,329.  The Suez Canal: the high-tech amazement of the age.  A hundred miles long ... Twenty-five thousand labourers, ten years to build.  (Civilisation & Egypt & Canal)  James Burke, Connections III 1997 s3e3: Drop the Apple

 

 

97,438.  Canals changed and shaped our modern world, carrying huge volume of goods and fuel, they were a stimulus to Britain’s great industrial revolution.  Liz McIvor, Canals: The Making of a Nation, BBC 2016

 

97,439.  The canals are often meandering ribbons of calm.  ibid.

 

97,440.  A different sort of cargo altogether – tourists, diners and party-goers.  ibid.

 

 

98,951.  Through the rain-forest of South America stretches one of the biggest man-made marvals on the planet.  It’s the mother of all short-cuts – the Panama canal ... It’s a masterpiece of canal construction.  Panama Canal Revealed, National Geographic 2016

 

98,952.  Over a thousand heavily laden ships sail through it every month.  ibid.

 

98,953.  Once the huge gates are shut, over a million bath-tubs’ worth of water floods into the lock chamber lifting the ship.  ibid.  

 

98,954.  The expansion project is about to double their workload.  ibid.

 

98,955.  Bridgewater canal: the world’s first swing aqueduct still working perfectly ... a fantastic piece of Victorian engineering.  ibid.    

 

98,956.  The Manchester ship canal will be the biggest waterwary ever built.  ibid. 

 

98,957.  Panama: many of the men are killed in an area of the Pacific ocean where tall mountains block the canal’s path.  ibid.

 

 

105,892.  For years a disturbing rumour has swirled around Manchester: a serial killed dubbed The Pusher is stalking the city’s canals.  January ’15 the story went global when a disturbing statistic came to light: 85 bodies, most of them men, have been pulled from the water since 2008.  28 of these deaths returned an open verdict and the inquest remained unexplained.  (Murder Cases & Canal & Manchester)  Manchester’s Serial Killer, Channel 4 2016

 

 

121,385.  They built one of the wonders of the modern world … the Manchester Ship Canal.  (Great Britain & Victorians & Engineering & Manchester & Cotton & Canal)  How the Victorians Built Britain s1e4: The Birth of the Machines