Call us:
0-9
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
  Cain & Abel  ·  Calamity  ·  California & Californians  ·  Call Centre  ·  Callisto  ·  Calm  ·  Calvinism  ·  Cambodia & Cambodians  ·  Camel  ·  Camera  ·  Campaign  ·  Camping  ·  Canada & Canadians  ·  Canal  ·  Cancer  ·  Candle  ·  Cannabis & Marijuana  ·  Cannibalism & Cannibals  ·  Capable & Capability  ·  Capacity  ·  Cape Verde  ·  Capital & Capitalism (I)  ·  Capital & Capitalism (II)  ·  Capital Punishment  ·  Captivity  ·  Car  ·  Carbon  ·  Carbon Dioxide  ·  Cards & Playing Cards  ·  Care & Carers  ·  Career  ·  Caribbean & West Indies  ·  Carlyle Group  ·  Carpenter & Carpentry  ·  Carthage  ·  Cartoons  ·  Cash  ·  Castle  ·  Cat  ·  Catalonia  ·  Cathedral  ·  Catholic & Catholicism (I)  ·  Catholic & Catholicism (II)  ·  Cause (Effect) & Causality  ·  Cause (Principle)  ·  Caution & Cautious  ·  Cave  ·  Cayman Islands  ·  CCTV  ·  Celebrity & Celebrities  ·  Celibacy & Celibate  ·  Cell  ·  Celts & Celtic Culture  ·  Censor & Censorship  ·  Central America  ·  Ceremony  ·  Certain & Certainty  ·  Chains  ·  Chair  ·  Champagne  ·  Champion  ·  Chance  ·  Change  ·  Channel Islands  ·  Chaos  ·  Character  ·  Charity  ·  Charles I & Charles the First  ·  Charles II & Charles the Second  ·  Charles, Prince  ·  Charm  ·  Chastity  ·  Cheat & Cheater  ·  Chechnya & Chechens  ·  Cheer & Cheerful  ·  Cheerleaders  ·  Cheese  ·  Chemistry  ·  Chemtrails  ·  Chernobyl  ·  Chess  ·  Chicago  ·  Chicken  ·  Child & Children (I)  ·  Child & Children (II)  ·  Chile & Chileans  ·  Chimpanzee  ·  China & Chinese  ·  Choice & Choose  ·  Christian & Christianity (I)  ·  Christian & Christianity (II)  ·  Christmas  ·  Chupacabra  ·  Church  ·  Churchill, Winston  ·  Churchyard  ·  CIA  ·  Cigar  ·  Cigarette  ·  Cinema  ·  Circumcise & Circumcision  ·  Circumstance & Circumstances  ·  Circus  ·  Citizen  ·  City  ·  Civil & Civility  ·  Civil Liberties & Rights  ·  Civil Service  ·  Civil War  ·  Civil War Spain & Spanish Civil War  ·  Civil War: United States of America & American Civil War  ·  Civil Wars: England & English Civil Wars  ·  Civilisation (I)  ·  Civilisation (II)  ·  Claim  ·  Clairvoyance & Clairvoyant  ·  Clarity  ·  Class & Class War  ·  Classics & Classicism  ·  Clean & Cleanliness  ·  Clergy  ·  Cleveland  ·  Clever & Cleverness  ·  Climate Science & Climate Change  ·  Clinton, Bill & Hillary  ·  Clock  ·  Clone  ·  Clothes  ·  Clouds  ·  Clown  ·  Club  ·  CND  ·  Coal & Coal Mining  ·  Coat  ·  Cobain, Kurt  ·  Cocaine  ·  Code & Code-Breaking  ·  Codex Alimentarius  ·  Coffee  ·  Cognitive Dissonance  ·  Coincidence  ·  Coins  ·  Cold  ·  Cold War  ·  Collect & Collection  ·  College  ·  Colombia & Colombians  ·  Colorado  ·  Colour & Color  ·  Come  ·  Comedy (I)  ·  Comedy (II)  ·  Comet  ·  Comfort  ·  Comic & Comics  ·  Command & Commandment  ·  Comment & Commentary  ·  Commerce & Commercial  ·  Commit & Commitment  ·  Committee  ·  Committee of 300  ·  Commodity & Commodities  ·  Common  ·  Common Purpose  ·  Common Sense  ·  Communicate & Communication  ·  Communism & Communists  ·  Community  ·  Company (Business)  ·  Company (Companion)  ·  Compare & Comparison  ·  Compassion  ·  Competition & Contest  ·  Complain & Complaint  ·  Compliment  ·  Compose & Composer  ·  Compromise  ·  Computer  ·  Con & Conman  ·  Conceit  ·  Concentration Camp  ·  Concept & Conceptual  ·  Concern  ·  Conclude & Conclusion  ·  Condemn & Condemnation  ·  Conference  ·  Confess & Confession  ·  Confidence & Confident  ·  Confidential & Confidentiality  ·  Conform & Conformity  ·  Confuse & Confusion  ·  Congo & Congolese  ·  Congress  ·  Connect & Connection  ·  Connecticut  ·  Conquer & Conquest  ·  Conscience & Consciousness  ·  Conscription  ·  Consensus  ·  Consent  ·  Consequences  ·  Conservatives & Conservative Party  ·  Conserve & Conservation  ·  Consistency & Consistent  ·  Conspiracy (I)  ·  Conspiracy (II)  ·  Constancy & Constant  ·  Constellation  ·  Constitution  ·  Consumer & Consumerism  ·  Contemplate & Contemplation  ·  Contempt  ·  Content & Contentment  ·  Contest & Contention  ·  Continent  ·  Contraception & Contraceptives  ·  Contract  ·  Contradiction  ·  Control & Social Control  ·  Conversation  ·  Conviction (Belief)  ·  Cookery  ·  Cool  ·  Cooper D B  ·  Cooperate & Cooperation  ·  Copper  ·  Coral & Coral Reefs  ·  Corn  ·  Cornwall  ·  Corporation  ·  Corrupt & Corruption  ·  Cosmetics  ·  Cosmology  ·  Cost of Living  ·  Costa Rica & Costa Rican  ·  Cotton  ·  Council on Foreign Relations  ·  Counselling  ·  Country  ·  Country & Western  ·  Countryside  ·  Coup  ·  Courage & Courageous  ·  Court & Courtroom  ·  Courtesy  ·  Covenant  ·  Covet  ·  Cow  ·  Coward & Cowardice  ·  Crack Cocaine  ·  Crazy  ·  Create & Creativity  ·  Creation & Creationism  ·  Creature  ·  Credit & Credit Cards  ·  Crete  ·  Cricket  ·  Cricketers, Meet the  ·  Crime & Criminal  ·  Crimea & Crimean War  ·  Crisis & Crises  ·  Critics & Criticism  ·  Croatia & Croatians  ·  Crocodile  ·  Cromwell, Oliver  ·  Crop Circles  ·  Cross  ·  Crowd  ·  Crown  ·  Crucify & Crucifixion  ·  Cruel & Cruelty  ·  Crusades  ·  Cry  ·  Cryptocurrencies & Bitcoin  ·  Cryptozoology  ·  Crystal Skulls  ·  Crystals  ·  Cuba  ·  Cults  ·  Cults, Meet the (A-I)  ·  Cults, Meet the (J-Z)  ·  Culture  ·  Cunt  ·  Curious & Curiousity  ·  Currency  ·  Curse  ·  Custom  ·  Customer  ·  Customs & Customs Officials  ·  Cut  ·  Cycling & Cyclist  ·  Cynic & Cynicism  ·  Cyprus & Phoenicians  ·  Czech & Czech Republic & Czechoslovakia  
<C>
Catalonia
C
  Cain & Abel  ·  Calamity  ·  California & Californians  ·  Call Centre  ·  Callisto  ·  Calm  ·  Calvinism  ·  Cambodia & Cambodians  ·  Camel  ·  Camera  ·  Campaign  ·  Camping  ·  Canada & Canadians  ·  Canal  ·  Cancer  ·  Candle  ·  Cannabis & Marijuana  ·  Cannibalism & Cannibals  ·  Capable & Capability  ·  Capacity  ·  Cape Verde  ·  Capital & Capitalism (I)  ·  Capital & Capitalism (II)  ·  Capital Punishment  ·  Captivity  ·  Car  ·  Carbon  ·  Carbon Dioxide  ·  Cards & Playing Cards  ·  Care & Carers  ·  Career  ·  Caribbean & West Indies  ·  Carlyle Group  ·  Carpenter & Carpentry  ·  Carthage  ·  Cartoons  ·  Cash  ·  Castle  ·  Cat  ·  Catalonia  ·  Cathedral  ·  Catholic & Catholicism (I)  ·  Catholic & Catholicism (II)  ·  Cause (Effect) & Causality  ·  Cause (Principle)  ·  Caution & Cautious  ·  Cave  ·  Cayman Islands  ·  CCTV  ·  Celebrity & Celebrities  ·  Celibacy & Celibate  ·  Cell  ·  Celts & Celtic Culture  ·  Censor & Censorship  ·  Central America  ·  Ceremony  ·  Certain & Certainty  ·  Chains  ·  Chair  ·  Champagne  ·  Champion  ·  Chance  ·  Change  ·  Channel Islands  ·  Chaos  ·  Character  ·  Charity  ·  Charles I & Charles the First  ·  Charles II & Charles the Second  ·  Charles, Prince  ·  Charm  ·  Chastity  ·  Cheat & Cheater  ·  Chechnya & Chechens  ·  Cheer & Cheerful  ·  Cheerleaders  ·  Cheese  ·  Chemistry  ·  Chemtrails  ·  Chernobyl  ·  Chess  ·  Chicago  ·  Chicken  ·  Child & Children (I)  ·  Child & Children (II)  ·  Chile & Chileans  ·  Chimpanzee  ·  China & Chinese  ·  Choice & Choose  ·  Christian & Christianity (I)  ·  Christian & Christianity (II)  ·  Christmas  ·  Chupacabra  ·  Church  ·  Churchill, Winston  ·  Churchyard  ·  CIA  ·  Cigar  ·  Cigarette  ·  Cinema  ·  Circumcise & Circumcision  ·  Circumstance & Circumstances  ·  Circus  ·  Citizen  ·  City  ·  Civil & Civility  ·  Civil Liberties & Rights  ·  Civil Service  ·  Civil War  ·  Civil War Spain & Spanish Civil War  ·  Civil War: United States of America & American Civil War  ·  Civil Wars: England & English Civil Wars  ·  Civilisation (I)  ·  Civilisation (II)  ·  Claim  ·  Clairvoyance & Clairvoyant  ·  Clarity  ·  Class & Class War  ·  Classics & Classicism  ·  Clean & Cleanliness  ·  Clergy  ·  Cleveland  ·  Clever & Cleverness  ·  Climate Science & Climate Change  ·  Clinton, Bill & Hillary  ·  Clock  ·  Clone  ·  Clothes  ·  Clouds  ·  Clown  ·  Club  ·  CND  ·  Coal & Coal Mining  ·  Coat  ·  Cobain, Kurt  ·  Cocaine  ·  Code & Code-Breaking  ·  Codex Alimentarius  ·  Coffee  ·  Cognitive Dissonance  ·  Coincidence  ·  Coins  ·  Cold  ·  Cold War  ·  Collect & Collection  ·  College  ·  Colombia & Colombians  ·  Colorado  ·  Colour & Color  ·  Come  ·  Comedy (I)  ·  Comedy (II)  ·  Comet  ·  Comfort  ·  Comic & Comics  ·  Command & Commandment  ·  Comment & Commentary  ·  Commerce & Commercial  ·  Commit & Commitment  ·  Committee  ·  Committee of 300  ·  Commodity & Commodities  ·  Common  ·  Common Purpose  ·  Common Sense  ·  Communicate & Communication  ·  Communism & Communists  ·  Community  ·  Company (Business)  ·  Company (Companion)  ·  Compare & Comparison  ·  Compassion  ·  Competition & Contest  ·  Complain & Complaint  ·  Compliment  ·  Compose & Composer  ·  Compromise  ·  Computer  ·  Con & Conman  ·  Conceit  ·  Concentration Camp  ·  Concept & Conceptual  ·  Concern  ·  Conclude & Conclusion  ·  Condemn & Condemnation  ·  Conference  ·  Confess & Confession  ·  Confidence & Confident  ·  Confidential & Confidentiality  ·  Conform & Conformity  ·  Confuse & Confusion  ·  Congo & Congolese  ·  Congress  ·  Connect & Connection  ·  Connecticut  ·  Conquer & Conquest  ·  Conscience & Consciousness  ·  Conscription  ·  Consensus  ·  Consent  ·  Consequences  ·  Conservatives & Conservative Party  ·  Conserve & Conservation  ·  Consistency & Consistent  ·  Conspiracy (I)  ·  Conspiracy (II)  ·  Constancy & Constant  ·  Constellation  ·  Constitution  ·  Consumer & Consumerism  ·  Contemplate & Contemplation  ·  Contempt  ·  Content & Contentment  ·  Contest & Contention  ·  Continent  ·  Contraception & Contraceptives  ·  Contract  ·  Contradiction  ·  Control & Social Control  ·  Conversation  ·  Conviction (Belief)  ·  Cookery  ·  Cool  ·  Cooper D B  ·  Cooperate & Cooperation  ·  Copper  ·  Coral & Coral Reefs  ·  Corn  ·  Cornwall  ·  Corporation  ·  Corrupt & Corruption  ·  Cosmetics  ·  Cosmology  ·  Cost of Living  ·  Costa Rica & Costa Rican  ·  Cotton  ·  Council on Foreign Relations  ·  Counselling  ·  Country  ·  Country & Western  ·  Countryside  ·  Coup  ·  Courage & Courageous  ·  Court & Courtroom  ·  Courtesy  ·  Covenant  ·  Covet  ·  Cow  ·  Coward & Cowardice  ·  Crack Cocaine  ·  Crazy  ·  Create & Creativity  ·  Creation & Creationism  ·  Creature  ·  Credit & Credit Cards  ·  Crete  ·  Cricket  ·  Cricketers, Meet the  ·  Crime & Criminal  ·  Crimea & Crimean War  ·  Crisis & Crises  ·  Critics & Criticism  ·  Croatia & Croatians  ·  Crocodile  ·  Cromwell, Oliver  ·  Crop Circles  ·  Cross  ·  Crowd  ·  Crown  ·  Crucify & Crucifixion  ·  Cruel & Cruelty  ·  Crusades  ·  Cry  ·  Cryptocurrencies & Bitcoin  ·  Cryptozoology  ·  Crystal Skulls  ·  Crystals  ·  Cuba  ·  Cults  ·  Cults, Meet the (A-I)  ·  Cults, Meet the (J-Z)  ·  Culture  ·  Cunt  ·  Curious & Curiousity  ·  Currency  ·  Curse  ·  Custom  ·  Customer  ·  Customs & Customs Officials  ·  Cut  ·  Cycling & Cyclist  ·  Cynic & Cynicism  ·  Cyprus & Phoenicians  ·  Czech & Czech Republic & Czechoslovakia  

★ Catalonia

Catalonia: see Spain & Anarchism & Civil War Spain & Europe & European Union

Living Utopia: The Anarchists and the Spanish Revolution 1997 - An Anarchist’s Story: Ethel McDonald 2006 - Spanish Civil War with Michael Portillo TV - The Spanish Civil War TV - George Orwell - Two Catalonias 2018 - The Truth About Franco: Spain's Forgotten Dictator TV -

 

 

109,612.  ‘Anarchism is freedom.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  Living Utopia: The Anarchists and the Spanish Revolution 1997, Miguel Alba

 

109,613.  ‘I woke up to the sound of the factory sirens.  And it was as if all of Barcelona were beating with a single heart.  It was something you experience maybe once in 100 years.  And one thing I can say is that it marked my life.  That emotion is always with me.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  Federico Arcos

 

109,614.  ‘The real revolution started on July 19th.  The people started it spontaneously defending themselves against the army.  It was the one and only time that the people defeated the army.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  Francisco Carrasquer  

 

109,615.  ‘The people discovered they were the masters of their own fate.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  Federico Arcos  

 

109,616.  The misery in which so many Spaniards lived in 1930 had barely improved since the start of the industrial revolution the century before.  Illiteracy and great social inequality continued while the authorities, the Church and the bourgeoisie did nothing.  Anarchism, which seemed like a Utopian socialist proposal to fight against social injustice had been gradually establishing itself among the country’s poorest classes.  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  

 

109,617.  For anarchists it is the people who have to acquire a revolutionary awareness and get to know reality so as to change it.  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,618.  In 1923 with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera the CNT was outlawed and many anarchists went into exile.  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,619.  ‘The unions were being constantly closed down; the jails were full of workers.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  witness

 

109,620.  It was the citizens who organised the new society.  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,621.  The people put into practice all the libertarian ideas cherished over a century … Barcelona became the advanced guard of the revolution.  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,622.  ‘Money was abolished.  All landowners would have their property expropriated whether they were to the left or to the right.  All machinery would be at the people’s disposal.  All buildings would be used for lodging inhabitants no matter who the owner was.  Work was done collectively.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  witness  

 

109,623.  ‘Everyone adapted very well.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,624.  The social revolution in rural Spain had the support of most of the peasants.  3 million Spaniards were living under the principles of libertarian communism.  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,625.  The structure was complicated but everyone was involved.  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,626.  ‘Anarchism is the greatest thing.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  witness

 

109,627.  ‘Lister did that because just as in Russia the Bolsheviks, the dictators, wouldn’t allow the existence of a libertarian movement.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,628.  ‘We’d lost our ideals and we knew that it was for ever.  The struggle was lost.  The retreat began.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  

 

109,629.  ‘They arrested all of us.’  (Anarchy & Utopia & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

 

121,132.  Franco’s armies marched into the Republican heartland of neighbouring Catalonia.  (Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  

 

121,133.  Their defeated opponents were put to death.  (Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

 

109,722.  For a few brief months in Catalonia 1936 history’s only anarchist experiment flourished.  And it was a women from the far side of Europe who reported its rise and its final defeat to the world.  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  An Anarchist’s Story: Ethel McDonald, 2006

 

109,723.  ‘Spain is the place where the future of the world is being determined.  It’s not just another local difficulty.’  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  Professor Mike Gonzalez

 

109,724.  Radical thinkers like Ethel McDonald, now 27 years old and with 8 year’ anarchist activism behind her, quickly picked up on the importance of what was happening in Spain.  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  

 

109,725.  Spain was the arena for a showdown between Left and Right.  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,726.  ‘We supported the concept of loyalty, honesty: those are the basic values of anarchy.’  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  witness

 

109,728.  For ten extraordinary months in 36 and 37 the region of Catalonia became the centre of one of the most radical revolutions in world history.  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,729.  ‘This is the kind of international that will united the human race.’  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  Ethel

 

109,730.  While Ethel hid out in Catalonia trying to find a way home she was becoming famous in her native land.  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.    

 

109,731.  The fate of volunteers trapped in Spain attracted international criticism.  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,732.  ‘I helped anarchist comrades in and out of prison.’  (Anarchy & Biography & Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.  Ethel  

 

 

121,132.  Franco’s armies marched into the Republican heartland of neighbouring Catalonia.  (Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  Spanish Civil War with Michael Portillo s1e2: War Without Mercy  

 

121,133.  Their defeated opponents were put to death.  (Spain & Civil War Spain & Catalonia)  ibid.    

 

 

121,284.  One of the most savage civil conflicts Europe has ever seen.  The civil war lasted from 1936 to 1939.  It cost perhaps half a million lives.  It ruined cities, towns and villages.  For some  the victors  it was a crusade against godless revolution; for others  the defeated it was a struggle against the forces of reaction that had oppressed Spain for generations.  The Spanish civil war still haunts the world’s imagination.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  The Spanish Civil War I: Prelude to Tragedy, Granada TV 1983

 

121,285.  On July 13th 1936 a group of army officers rebelled against the government of the Spanish republic.  Workers took up arms to fight the rising.  And what began as a military coup led to almost three years of civil war.  For both sides, political opponents became enemies to be hunted down and killed.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

121,286.  The monarchy had fallen without violence … He went unresisting into exile.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  ibid. 

 

121,287.  A powerful and deeply conservative church hostile to change; an army accustomed to having the last word in politics; a possessing class determined to defend its privileges.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  ibid.   

 

121,288.  One source of this left-wing opposition was anarchism, gathered round its trade union CNT, born during the bloody social conflicts of Barcelona in the early years of the century.  The CNT’s treed was anarcho-syndicalism, the belief that revolution would lead to total workers’ management.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  ibid.      

 

121,289.  They rejected all governments, monarchies or republics.  They fought for a society of equal cooperating human beings freed from the curse of private property, god and bosses.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

121,290.  In 1936 with elections approaching once more, most of the left united in a popular front; the anarchists did not join but supported the popular front in order to rescue their own imprisoned supporters.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

121,291.  A climate of violence allowed the Falange to flourish.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Anarchy & Catalonia)  ibid.  

 

 

130,105.  In Catalonia and the Basque country in particular calls for independence grew louder.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Dictator & Fascism & Despot & Biography & Catalonia)  The Truth About Franco: Spain’s Forgotten Dictator I, PBS 2019

 

130,112.  It was not until July 1938 that the decisive battle took place … A river in south-west Catalonia … one of the most brutal of the entire war.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War & Dictator & Fascism & Despot & Biography & Catalonia)  ibid.    

1