Days that Shook the World TV - Simon Schama TV - David Starkey TV - Jeremy Black: The English Civil War TV - Steve Pickstock - Lucy Worsley TV - Daniel Defoe - John Wilmot - Algernon Sydney - Charles II - Private Lives of the Monarchs TV - Clare Jackson TV -
After Charles II was reinstated in 1660 Cromwellians like Blood quickly lost favour. He began to plot against the new royalist regime. Days that Shook the World s2e4: Grand Heist, BBC 2003
King Charles considers Blood’s appeal ... He signs Blood’s pardon. ibid.
The irony about the restoration of Charles II was that he came to the throne not because England needed a successor to Charles I, he came to the Throne because England needed a successor for Oliver Cromwell. Simon Schama, A History of Britain: Revolutions, BBC 2000
Charles [II] was proclaimed by both houses. Monarchy by David Starkey s2e5: Cromwell the King Killer, Channel 4 2005
Charles II … He famously fathered seventeen bastards by a plethora of mistresses. Monarchy by David Starkey s3e1: The Return of the King
He invoked his royal power to dispense the law in favour of both Catholics and non-Anglican Protestants ... The House of Commons, with its hardline Anglican majority, refused the King point blank. ibid.
The elected returned parliaments in 1679 and again in 1680 in which there was a clear majority for James’s exclusion. Charles would have to fight for his brother’s right to the throne. And with it for the very idea of hereditary monarchy itself ... Faced with two successive parliaments in which there had been a clear majority for the exclusion from the crown of his brother James, Charles dissolved them both. ibid.
The Church of England now condemned all the doctrines of Whigism as false, seditious and impious, and declared most of them heretical and blasphemous as well. ibid.
A new parliament was elected. And their first Act was to invite Prince Charles back from the Low Countries to rule as Charles II. Jeremy Black: The English Civil War IV: The Shadow of the Scaffold, BBC 2001
For the restoration of the Stuart dynasty would prove merely an interlude. And the Glorious Revolution of 1668 restored many of the values of the protectorate. ibid.
The Scots realised they had probably swapped one king for another at this point. And this was exploited by Charles II. Steve Pickstock
I’m going to meet the women at the top of the tree – at Charles II’s court. These women were intimately connected with the king. Dr Lucy Worsley, Harlots, Housewives and Heroines: A 17th Century History for Girls I: Act One: At Court, BBC 2012
Women like Barbara were able to exploit his human weaknesses – she could hope to win as much power as any male government minister. A royal mistress like Barbara could take on the political establishment. ibid.
The mistress was embedded in the very heart of the court. ibid.
The rise of the career mistress brought with it endless intrigue. ibid.
Nell Gwyn ... a mistress of Charles II. Dr Lucy Worsley, Harlots, Housewives and Heroines: A 17th Century History for Girls III: Act Three: At Work and at Play
The royal refugee our breed restores
With foreign courtiers and with foreign whores,
And carefully repeopled us again,
Throughout his lazy, long, lascivious reign. Daniel Defoe, The True-Born Englishman
God bless our good and gracious King,
Whose promise none relies on;
Who never did a foolish thing,
Nor ever did a wise one. John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester
If his Majesty is resolved to have my head, he may make a whistle of my arse if he pleases. Algernon Sydney, cited Joe Miller’s Jests, 1739
I always admired virtue – but I could never imitate it. Charles II
How did Charles II become more famous for his sexual adventures than for performing his royal duties? Private Lives of the Monarchs s1e4: Charles II, 2017
‘He was feckless, he was slothful and he was lewd in his behaviour.’ ibid.
William Chiffinch: royal page, keeper of the closet, otherwise known as royal pimpmaster. ibid.
Diseases like syphilis were rife at court. ibid.
Seven years after his restoration serious questions were being raised about the competence of Charles as king. Dr Clare Jackson, The Stuarts III: A Family at War, BBC 2018