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66,829. The problem with Chernobyl is that there’s always been this divergence between what scientists know is the impact of Chernobyl and what the public thinks is the impact of Chernobyl. In fact the health effects of Chernobyl are much more mild than anyone has really assumed. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) Louisa Vinton, coordinator of UN Chernobyl Report
66,830. The conclusion is that there was no connection between Chernobyl radiation and birth defects of any sort. No-one was born deformed as a consequence of Chernobyl. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,831. The biggest public health impact from the Chernobyl accident was psychological. Fear of radiation has proved to be a far more potent threat to health than radiation itself. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,832. Dear Tourist, for your own safety, opening the windows is prohibited. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) Chernobyl: A Natural History, opening scene man on bus instructing tourists
66,833. On April 26th 1986 at 1:23 a.m. Reactor Number Four in Cherbobyl’s Lenin Nuclear Power Plant in the Ukraine went out of control. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,834. Contaminating vast areas in numerous countries. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,835. The next day the 135,000 inhabitants living in this zone were evacuated. They would never return. Within this zone, now prohibited to human life, the wild fauna and flora were left on their own. What has happened to them in all these years? (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,836. For the past twenty years of all of the scientists it is Sergei Gaschak who has without a doubt has participated in the most studies behind the exclusion zone. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,837. The exclusion zone is inhabited by numerous species of wild animals, some of which were not there before the accident. Several bears have moved in; you often see wild dear ... All the animals seem to be perfectly healthy. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,838. Each village has become a true jungle ... Does Nature not care about radiation? (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,839. The famous Chernobyl cloud was born – and it didn’t care about borders drawn by men. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,840. 3% of the radiation to which we are exposed to daily comes from the Chernobyl cloud. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,841. Thousands of pines near the power plant reddened over a few weeks and died. The scientists then named this sinister forest the red forest – the stigmata of this battle are still visible. The red forest was soon to become one of the most astonishing laboratories on the planet in which there would be a series of mysteries and paradoxes. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,842. Life in this city that has such a strange atmosphere where you sometimes come across a few people in military fatigues, and it is forbidden for children and pregnant women is very strange. It is a privilege to be employed in the exclusion zone: because employees get double wages for just fifteen days working a month. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
66,843. It is very tempting to attribute everything that doesn’t appear normal to radiation. (Chernobyl & Radiation & Nuclear) ibid.
67,749. I thought if there was a war, an invasion of Cuba, there would be nuclear war. And that would result in the disappearance of millions and millions of people. (Cold War & Cuba & Nuclear) Jose Ramon Fernandez, vice president Cuban council of ministers
67,761. This hydrogen bomb was the most powerful weapon ever built by man ... The world was on a potentially fatal collision course. (Cold War & Nuclear) Secrets of War s1e19: Cold War: The Strangelove Factor
67,762. Mutual distrust grew; relations between the United States and the Soviet Union rapidly deteriorated. (Cold War & Nuclear) ibid.
67,763. By 1962 the Russians had a problem: the United States had a 17 to 1 superiority in nuclear missiles and warheads. (Cold War & Nuclear) ibid.
114,402. Stalin … already knew a great deal about America’s atom bomb from their extensive spy network in the West. (Nuclear & Spy) Secrets of War s1e33: The Hunt for Atomic Secrets
114,403. Thus was born the Manhattan Project … Los Alamos also attracted unwanted attention … Soviet Intelligence was brilliantly successful. (Nuclear & Spy) ibid.
114,404. Little did Fuchs know he was one of the final links in an elaborate Soviet atomic spy ring in the US. (Nuclear & Spy) ibid.
114,405. [Theodore] Hall had become the second key atomic spy in Los Alamos. (Nuclear & Spy) ibid.
114,406. Gold revealed the identity of another Soviet agent - Harry Greengrass. (Nuclear & Spy) ibid.
71,134. The 1920s and 30s were the golden age of nuclear research. The largest known nucleus at the time was that of the uranium atom: 238 protons and neutrons. (Einstein & Nuclear & Atom & Uranium) Nova: Einstein’s Big Idea II
123,108. Japan’s most powerful earthquake ever triggers a monster tsunami. Fear washes over the nation. But that’s just the beginning: ten nuclear reactors at two power plants are crippled, threatening the unimaginable. (Earthquake & Japan & Tsunami & Nuclear & Disaster) Nova: Nuclear Meltdown Disaster aka Fukushima Uncensored, Nova 2015
123,109. This is the road to nowhere. A once thriving place in one of the most prosperous countries on Earth. Japan: radioactive Japan. Time stood still here on March 11th 2011. Houses that aren’t homes. Schools that are silent. Stores shuddered. Towns without people. Past the checkpoints, the scans and the meticulous suit-up layer upon layer upon layer of protection is the place we simply know as Fukushima: site of three nuclear reactor meltdowns. (Earthquake & Japan & Tsunami & Nuclear & Disaster) ibid.
123,110. The largest [in Japan] ever recorded. Magnitude 9. (Earthquake & Japan & Tsunami & Nuclear & Disaster) ibid.
123,111. ‘The shaking was like nothing I’d experienced.’ (Earthquake & Japan & Tsunami & Nuclear & Disaster) ibid.
83,375. He was a national hero. The greatest scientist of a generation. And the man who unleashed the most powerful weapon in history. The Trials of J Robert Oppenheimer, PBS 2015
83,376. Whether your continued employment on the Atomic Energy Commission work is consistent with the interests of the national security. ibid. from recording of trial
83,377. J Robert Oppenheimer, the most eminent atomic scientist in America stood accused – a risk to national security. It was 1954. The Cold War with Russia was fuelling fears of communist infiltration at the highest levels of government. ibid.
83,378. A poet as well as a physicist ... He was a national hero. ibid.
83,379. Robert was a loner. And at New York’s Ethical Culture School he inhabited his own rarified world. ibid.
83,380. At first his lectures were incomprehensible. ibid.
83,381. She was also a member of the communist party. And introduced Oppenheimer into her political circle. ibid.
83,382. ‘Blood on his hands!’ Truman complained later. ‘Damn it, he hasn’t half as much blood on his hands as I have. You just don’t go around bellyaching about it.’ ibid.
83,383. He was the father of the A Bomb. The government’s top adviser on atomic weapons. Privy to all the nation’s secrets. ibid.
83,384. The debate over the H-bomb sparked a controversy fraught with danger for the unsuspecting scientist. ibid.
83,385. His security clearance was suspended. ibid.
83,386. Oppenheimer testified for twenty-seven hours. ibid.
83,387. He would live to thirteen more years, but he wasn’t the same man. ibid.
80,301. The dawn of the Cold War. Two superpowers race to build a weapon of unlimited power ... It was a race that would push the world to the edge of catastrophe. (Bomb & Nuclear & Cold War) The American Experience: Race for the Superbomb, PBS 2015
80,302. ‘It was an organic necessity. If you are a scientist, you cannot stop such a thing.’ (Bomb & Nuclear & Cold War) ibid. Openheimer
80,303. Before long Stalin would have his bomb. (Bomb & Nuclear & Cold War) ibid.
80,304. The race for the superbomb was on. (Bomb & Nuclear & Cold War) ibid.
80,305. In April of 1954 the ANC held secret hearings to view the security clearance of its most prominent scientist – Oppenheimer stood accused of earlier left-wing sympathies and more to the point of opposing the development of the hydrogen bomb. (Bomb & Nuclear & Cold War) The American Experience II: Race for the Superbomb
80,306. They would now test prototypes of an H-bomb, small enough to be dropped from a plane. The first test codenamed Bravo took place on Bikini Atoll in March 1954. (Bomb & Nuclear & Cold War & Operations) ibid.
84,032. This Film is Restricted: ‘The government has decided that in the present state of international tension you should be told how best to protect yourselves from the dangerous effect of nuclear attack.’ (Atom & Nuclear) Atomic, Living in Dread and Promises: Storyville, BBC 2015, serious rozzer addresses public
84,033. ‘Observers without goggles must face away from the blast.’ (Atom & Nuclear) ibid. nuclear bomb detonation
84,064. More than 2000 nuclear warheads have been detonated. (Atom & Nuclear) ibid. caption
84,065. There are now 15,700 warheads on Earth. $1 Trillion will be spent on them in the next decade. (Atom & Nuclear) ibid. caption