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★ Portugal

Portugal: see Spain & Empire & Africa & Europe & European Union & Brazil

1755 The Lisbon Earthquake TV - Niall Ferguson TV - Cliff Richard - Lord Byron -

 

 

70,917.  The city of Lisbon 1st November 1755 – All Saints Day.  One of the most important days in the Christian calendar.  The date of one of the greatest disasters of modern times.  Sixty thousand people will die in a single day.  Scientists are still trying to pinpoint the source of that quake.  Today the ocean threatens Europe with another huge disaster.  An earthquake followed by a tsunami – the ultimate combination striking with the speed and power that astonishes even the experts.  (Earthquake & Portugal & Tsunami & Disaster)  1755 The Lisbon Earthquake, Youtube 49.59

 

70,918.  Three continental plates converge here.  Seismically this is a very active area ... And Europe is especially vulnerable.  (Earthquake & Portugal & Tsunami & Disaster)  ibid.

 

70,919.  In the city the houses start to shake.  People described a trembling as if a heavy coach were driving by outside.  They do nothing and lose valuable time, but no-one can know what these signs mean.  There hasn’t been a serious earthquake for 150 years.  Somewhere to the south-west two continental plates suddenly shift with explosive power.  Within two minutes the shock-waves reach the capital.  At 9.40 a.m. every church bell in the city begins to ring on its own.  Then the sky falls in.  (Earthquake & Portugal & Tsunami & Disaster)  ibid.

 

70,920.  The streets are no safer as walls collapse into the narrow alleyways … The earthquake will destroy three-quarters of the city’s buildings – 17,000 houses.  (Earthquake & Portugal & Tsunami & Disaster)  ibid.

 

70,921.  The Tsunami suddenly rears up … 900 people perish instantly as the quayside is washed away by the waves.  (Earthquake & Portugal & Tsunami & Disaster)  ibid.

 

 

61,477.  By 1506 the Portuguese had a near monopoly on shipping along the east African coast.  (Civilisation & Portugal)  Niall Ferguson, Civilisation: Is the West History? I Competition 2011

 

 

85,565.  But Portugal has a peaceful feel about it.  I sit on the terrace overlooking the vineyard there and I feel cut off from the world.  You need that sort of thing.  Cliff Richard

 

 

85,566.  O Christ!  it is a goodly sight to see

What Heaven hath done for this delicious land!  Lord Byron, Childe Harolds Pilgrimage I:15