BBC Horizon - Brian Cox TV - Robert Winston TV - Big Bang TV - Rolf-Dieter Heuer - Hubert Kroha - The Washington Post online - Frank Close - Morgan Freeman TV - Michio Kaku - Stephen Hawking TV - BBC online - Particle Fever 2013 -
48,967. French engineers and scientists are building a great scientific machine. It’s a nuclear accelerator called the Vivitron. It’s cost eight billion pounds. And part of it has come from Britain. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) Horizon: An Expensive Theology, BBC 1992
48,968. They’re working with the nucleus of the magnesium atom. The magnesium atoms are accelerated down this huge tower ... The nuclei are fired into a target also of magnesium. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,969. The funding was established by treaty. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,970. The first Cyclotron was a giant of its day. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,971. The collision creates a tiny fireball getting close to the Big Bang at the start of our universe. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,972. Quarks: five have been detected. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,973. Cern costs three hundred and fifty million pounds a year ... Cern is governed by international treaty. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,974. Mrs Thatcher even visited Cern to enthuse over the experiments. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,975. The particle physicists are asking for funds for the next stage of their research. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
48,976. The Americans are planning an even bigger rival. Here in Texas they’ve started construction on the Super Conducting Super Collider. (Nuclear & Atom & Particle Accelerator & Experiment & Particle & Science) ibid.
84,670. Their method: nothing less than creating the moment that exploded everything into existence. The Big Bang. Horizon: The Six Billion Dollar Experiment, BBC 2007
84,671. The machine under construction here the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) promises to show us the moment that Nature has hid from our view. The moment after the Big Bang. ibid.
84,672. Every second there will be eight hundred million collisions. Just a tiny fraction will be of interest. As the protons fragment a magnetic field generated by the detector separates out the different types of matter. Among these pieces may be found the indivisible units that make up our entire universe. Some will exist for just one thousandth of a billionth of a billionth of a second. ibid.
75,801. The thing that is missing is the thing that gives the fundamental particles substance, that turns them into matter we can touch. It’s called Mass. Without mass the fundamental particles would all travel at the speed of light. The universe that we see simply wouldn’t have formed. (Higgs & Particle Accelerator) ibid.
75,802. The Higgs Field is the missing piece in the standard model. It can explain how we can have a world of solid object from objects that appear to have no mass. (Higgs & Particle Accelerator) ibid.
75,803. It’s been nicknamed the God Particle. So far the Higgs has eluded physicists. But they hope the Large Hadron Collider will reveal it by going back to a moment that has been hidden from view – the time just after the Big Bang. Perhaps what’s most striking about the search for the Higgs is where it may take us. Some scientists believe its discovery could lead to an extraordinary level of insight about the universe. (Higgs & Particle Accelerator) Horizon: The End of God? A Horizon Guide to Science and Religion, BBC 2010
84,679. What goes on beneath these fields in the Tevitron are some of the most violent collisions in the universe. Deep underground in a four-mile vacuum pipe, encased by super-conducting magnets, they smash together two sub-atomic particles at close to the speed of life. (Particle & Quantum Physics & Particle Accelerator & Matter & Reality) Horizon: What Is Reality? BBC 2011
84,680. Working out which of these are elementary is a problem that has defined particle physics for over sixty years ... When experimenters first broke into them [atoms] they discovered ever smaller bits inside. (Particle & Quantum Physics & Particle Accelerator & Matter & Reality) ibid.
84,681. The particle zoo – a whole new level of reality had been discovered. (Particle & Quantum Physics & Particle Accelerator & Matter & Reality) ibid.
84,682. With the discovery of the Top Quark, physicists are close to understanding one of the greatest mysteries of reality: what it’s all made of. (Particle & Quantum Physics & Particle Accelerator & Matter & Reality) ibid.
84,683. The most important particle of all - the Higgs Boson ... The Higgs is now Fermilab’s Number One priority. But they aren’t the only ones looking for it. They have competition. From the biggest particle accelerator of them all – the Large Hardron Collider in Geneva. It is more than three times as powerful. (Particle & Quantum Physics & Particle Accelerator & Matter & Reality & Higgs Boson) ibid.
75,808. Just before Christmas researchers working at Cern near Geneva announced that they’d caught a tantalising glimpse of the Higgs-Boson. (Higgs & Particle Accelerator) Professor Jim Al-Khalili, The Hunt for the Higgs: A Horizon Special, BBC 2012
72,691. The LHC has been switched off for two years while it’s been upgraded ... twice the energy it did before. (Dark Matter & Particle Accelerator) Horizon: Dancing in the Dark - The End of Physics, BBC 2015
3,239. The largest and most complex scientific experiment ever attempted. The Large Hadron Collider or LHC has just one simple but audacious aim: to recreate the conditions of the Big Bang. (Big Bang & Particle Accelerators & Cosmology) Professor Brian Cox, The Big Bang Machine
3,240. It tells us how the fundamental constituents of the cosmos took on their form. (Big Bang & Particle Accelerators & Cosmology) ibid.
3,246. Building an instrument capable of recreating the early universe and finding the massive Higgs Boson has taken decades. (Big Bang & Cosmology & Higgs Boson & Quantum Physics & Particle Accelerators) ibid.
3,248. For some theorists finding nothing at the LHC is actually the most exciting prospect. (Big Bang & Cosmology & Nothing & Quantum Physics & Particle Accelerator) ibid.
75,799. One of the most strange and enigmatic of the particles is the Higgs-Boson (not yet found). And that’s what scientists here at Cern are trying to do. According to scientific theory, the Higgs particle ought to be there, somewhere in the sub-atomic soul of the atom. Without it, atoms would have no substance. The universe would have no substance ... One scientist has called Higgs, the God Particle. (Higgs Boson & Particle Accelerator & Atoms & Particles) Professor Robert Winston, The Story of God
84,669. Higgs suggested that an invisible force field swept the universe in the first second, giving particles their mass: it’s become known as the Higgs Field. When particles interacted with it they gained mass ... Scientists think the Higgs Field is carried by its own special particle. What journalists refer to as the God particle scientists call the Higgs Boson ... In Geneva Switzerland is mankind’s more expensive experiment, the large Hadron Collider or LHC. The world’s biggest particle accelerator, and the best chance of finding the elusive Higgs Boson ... It took forty billion dollars, took ten years to build and involved the work of seven thousand scientists. (Particle Accelerator & Higgs Boson) Big Bang