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108,529. So the idea is that it was the American mission and its fascist clients who were the native element in Greece and the alien element in Greece that were the internal aggressors were the Greek peasant and workers who had in fact constituted the anti-Nazi resistance … The dedicated savagery in which they set out to liquidate the class enemy in Greece and it was a major affair: tens of thousands were permanently exiled, tens of thousands more were sent to prison islands where they were tortured or executed … The United States interfered blatantly in the political process; it eliminated or suppressed even moderate socialist anti-communists, it destroyed the labour unions … About a third of the Greek labour force left, emigrated in order to survive. Noam Chomsky, Lessons of Vietnam, lecture 1985
62,946. Youths of the Pellaians and of the Macedonians and of the Greek Amphictiony and of the Lakedaimonians and of the Corinthians ... and of all the Greek peoples, join your fellow-soldiers and entrust yourselves to me, so that we can move against the barbarians and liberate ourselves from the Persian bondage, for as Greeks we should not be slaves to barbarians. (Alexander the Great & Greece) Alexander the Great, Pseudo-Kallisthenes, Historia Alexandri Magni
7,538. Greek mythology is full of strange alien-type creatures and beings with supernatural powers and advanced technology. In 1900 the wreck of an ancient ship was found off the coast of Crete near the Island of Antikythera. Divers found lumps of corroded bronze ... A complex and elegantly-made mechanism like the interior of an expensive hand-made clock. (Computer & Greece) Chris Everard, Secret Space II
7,540. It’s already been done: over two thousand years ago in Greece someone invented a hand-cranked computer that could de-code the solar system. (Computer & Greece) Ancient Computer
7,541. This is the story of one of the most extraordinary finds in history. This corroded bronze object is a machine that can look into the future. It was build two thousand years ago in ancient Greece. (Computer & Greece) The Two Thousand Year Old Computer, BBC 2012
7,542. It’s known as the Antikythera Mechanism ... It could predict eclipses. (Computer & Greece) ibid.
7,543. Who had invented this extraordinary machine? ... The designer of the mechanism came from Corinth. (Computer & Greece) ibid.
7,544. What happened to the brilliant Greek technology that produced the world’s first computer? Why was it never developed? Why was it lost from the western world? (Computer & Greece) ibid.
91,742. In May this year Hollywood releases its latest epic. It’s the story of the Trojan war. But is any of it more than just a myth? Tonight Horizon can reveal the latest scientific evidence about the real Troy. The evidence comes from the written tablets of a lost civilisation; a lost shipwreck and treasure uncovered at Troy itself. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) Horizon: The Truth of Troy
91,743. The story was composed by the Greek poet Homer almost three thousand years ago. It’s so compelling that for centuries people wondered whether any of it was true. Was there a war fought for love? Did a coalition of Greeks set sail? Did Troy even exist? (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,744. The first breakthrough was made by Heinrich Schliemann in 1870. He was something of an amateur but he had other qualities ... They placed Troy in the north west corner of what is now Turkey ... Fifteen metres down he found a walled palace with a paved ramp leading to a gate. Schliemann thought he had found Homer’s Troy. The rest of the world wasn’t so sure. But in this trench he answered the doubters with a breath-taking discovery: treasure. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites & Treasure & Archaeology) ibid.
91,745. These jewels could never have been worn by Helen. They were more than a thousand years too old. Schliemann had dug down too deep. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites & Treasure & Archaeology) ibid.
91,746. Perhaps there was more to Troy than had so far been uncovered. Outside the city walls [Manfred] Korfmann’s team began to excavate ... A city of the late Bronze Age was now revealed. Korfmann believes it was a sizeable city with a population between four and eight thousand. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites & Archaeology) ibid.
91,747. After three thousand years the legendary city of Troy seemed to have become a reality. It seemed there was some historical truth in the myth. But there was still no evidence that Troy had been destroyed as Homer said by an enemy army ... Soon they began to find evidence of violence. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,748. But were the Greeks capable of mounting an expedition together? (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,749. Another possible motivation for a war began to emerge from the stones of Mycenae. That motivation was greed. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,750. Korfmann believes that Troy became a wealthy city because of its strategic position as a gateway between two continents. So it seems Troy was a very desirable city, desirable to the Myceneans because of its wealth. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,751. The late Bronze Age was a time of rich trade, of great wealth being moved across the high seas. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,752. The Hittites ... A superpower of the late Bronze Age ... The tablets described festering conflicts involving the Myceneans all along the coast ... Conflicts spread over two hundred years. The tablets stated Mycenean warriors had once fought at the gates of Troy to win Helen back. That it was a war of love and vengeance. It makes a wonderful story but it has never seemed very likely. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,753. The tablets show that Troy was an ally of the Hittites. If Troy was attacked the Hittites were likely to come and fight alongside them. So Homer’s legend appears to have been based on a real conflict between two superpowers of the Late Bronze Age – the Myceneans and the Hittites. (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
91,754. So there was no face that launched by a thousand ships. The war or wars were not fought for love but more likely for gold and loot. And what of the Trojan Horse? (Troy & Greece & Bronze Age & Mycenae & Hittites) ibid.
7,545. From the X-rays Professor Price reconstructed the machine now known as the Antikythera Mechanism. It was a wooden box with bronze plates. A handle moves inter-connected dials at the front and back. The innards of the mechanism are a complex mesh of cog-wheels and gears until now concealed in the heart of the fragments. It was designed, he believes, as a computer to show varying movements of the sun, moon and planets. (Computer & Greece) Arthur C Clarke’s Mysterious World
10,079. The Elgin Marbles were a set of ancient Greek sculptures that had once adorned the Parthenon in Athens, and they were widely seen as the bedrock of Western art. (Art & White & Greece) Dr James Fox, A History of Art in Three Colours: White III
10,080. Winckelmann had stumbled on a vast storeroom filled with ancient white statues and they came in all shapes and sizes. (Art & White & Greece) ibid.
26,606. Greece was overwhelmed in three weeks. (World War II & Greece) The World at War: Alone 4/26
29,267. In Greece the British army toppled the popular leftist national liberation front and restored the monarchy and right-wing dictatorship sparking a communist-led uprising. (United States & Greece & Terrorism) Oliver Stone’s Untold History of the United States IV: The Cold War 1945-50
29,288. Georgios Papadopoulos Prime Minister of Greece 1967-1973: captain in a Nazi security battalion ... the first CIA agent to become the premiere of a European country. (United States & Greece & Empire US) Oliver Stone's Untold History of the United States VII: Johnson, Nixon and Vietnam: Reversal of Fortune