Iain Stewart TV - Ringo Starr - Tony Robinson TV - David Attenborough TV - Rie Oldenburg - Rie Oldenburg - Earth: The Climate Wars TV - Storyville TV - Operation Iceberg TV - Project Iceworm aka Camp Century: The City Under Ice 2012 - Al Gore - In Search of … TV - Ten Mistakes that Sank Titanic TV -
Greenland is losing ice at an ever-increasing rate. Iain Stewart, Earth: Climate Wars: Fight for the Future, BBC 2008
Reporter: How do you find America?
Ringo Starr: Turn left at Greenland. Beatles’ first US tour 1964
The Northern Hemisphere was hit by the little ice age. And on the south coast of Greenland two very different societies found themselves in the firing line. Man on Earth with Tony Robinson III: Killer Climate, Channel 4 2009
The Norse settlers were livestock farmers. ibid.
The Inuit and the Norse living side by side but poles apart. ibid.
Greenland: the fastest flowing glacier on our planet moving as much as forty metres a day. David Attenborough, Frozen Planet I, BBC 2011
The men would be taking care of their tools. Rie Oldenburg, ethnologist, re Inuit settlers of Greenland
Under the ice ... Camp Century was built to do research into fighting in cold-weather environments ... They took out the nuclear reactor and abandoned the camp. Earth: The Climate Wars: The Battle Begins, BBC 2008
In north-east Greenland unexplored fjords are hidden behind masses of ice. But the ice is melting due to the Earth’s warmer temperatures. And now the waters are open for a few weeks a year. Storyville: Expedition to the End of the World, BBC 2013
Living organisms are the main machine in how the earth works. ibid. scientist
What really strikes us is probably ourselves. ibid.
I’ve looked for the meaning of life in different corners of the world. ibid. philosopher/scientist
Life is extremely robust once it has established itself. ibid. scientist
Life and Earth will survive us by far. ibid.
Travel so far north the summer sun never sets. Here is one of the last great wildernesses. The vast ice sheet of Greenland. It’s the birthplace of the most massive and spectacular objects on the planet: icebergs. Up to twenty billion tons in weight. And the height of a skyscraper. These monsters of the ocean have long fascinated us. Operation Iceberg, BBC 2012
During the short Arctic summer, the mosquitoes survive on the nectar and plants. But they much prefer the blood of mammals. ibid.
What are the physical forces slowly destroying this vast chunk of ice? Operation Iceberg II, BBC 2012
Highly curious, polar bears are very capable of attacking anything or anyone. ibid.
The ice is just two degrees warmer than when it split off from the glacier two years earlier. ibid.
This film is a research and development project filmed by the US army in Greenland … Project Iceworm aka Camp Century: The City Under Ice, opening caption, US army Research and Development Progress Report #6 1964, Youtube 2012
On the top of the world below the surface of a giant ice cap a city is buried. Today on the island of Greenland … the United States army has established an unprecedented nuclear-powered research centre … Camp Century is 150 miles from Thule. ibid.
Complete research laboratory and test facilities. ibid.
In April of this year the temperature over Greenland was much higher than normal. Al Gore, An Inconvenient Sequel, 2017
In the year 986 a Viking ship penetrated Arctic ice guarding the coast of an unknown land. The frigid waters teemed with life. A Viking colony was established at the very edge of the known world in a country the settlers named Greenland. Three and a half centuries later, a ship from Europe put into the settlement. The sailors found the colony empty, abandoned, desolate. Why had the Viking settlers vanished? In Search of s3e13 … Lost Vikings, History 1978
Four hundreds miles south of Newfoundland a million-ton chunk of Greenland ice drifts into the north Atlantic shipping lanes. After a journey of more than 1,900 miles it is about to become the most notorious iceberg in history. The Titanic’s story is as iconic as the ship itself. She was the largest and most luxurious liner of her era, and supposedly unsinkable. But a giant iceberg is only part of Titanic’s story. 10 Mistakes that Sank the Titanic, Channel 5 2019
10 mistakes than sank Titanic: 1908: It’s been a warm wet season in Greenland … ibid.
‘On the inside she is opulent beyond belief. They wanted to create the most comfortable Atlantic crossing you could possibly imagine.’ ibid. Alex Churchill, historian and Titanic researcher
An incident that would trigger the first great mistake: The Delay: ‘This public perception that Titanic is not sinkable’ … Prioritising the repairs to Olympic halted Titanic’s construction and delayed her maiden voyage by three weeks. ibid.
More icebergs than usual on the shipping routes. ibid.
‘She was going too fast’ … This excessive speed is the second major mistake.’ ibid.
Smouldering in the deck below something that the company had expressly concealed from its passengers: ‘Titanic was in fact on fire when she left Southampton on her maiden voyage’ … Titanic’s firemen revealed that a fire had taken hold in the coal bunker in boiler room 5. ibid.
The fire would have made the steel walls of the bunker red hot. ibid.
The message never reached Captain Smith. ibid.
The binoculars in the crow’s nest were stored in the second officer’s cabin. But on this particular voyage, the lookouts couldn’t get at them. ibid.
They were staring into an optical illusion. ibid.
The collision was so glancing that hardly anyone realised what had happened. ibid.
Different temperatures affect the strength of steel … When its chilled in subzero water, the steel undergoes a fundamental change … Titanic’s rivets below the waterline would have become similarly brittle. ibid.
The slag in the [iron] rivets can make them even more liable to fracture. ibid.
Down below in the boiler rooms all hell was breaking loose. The iceberg has opened up a hole in Titanic’s hull. ibid.
Bulkheads too shorts … water spills over them flooding all the compartments … Titanic’s bows dip below the surface hoisting her stern high in the air. ibid.
Morse code: ‘CQD CQD This is the Titanic. Have hit a berg. We are sinking by the head’ … ibid.
There was another ship on the horizon … The Californian’s radio operator had already gone to bed having been told to get off the airwaves by Jack Phillips earlier that evening. ibid.
Titanic’s final mistake: Dodging the iceberg: ‘If the iceberg had struck the iceberg head on … that damage would not have been fatal.’ ibid. expert