Nova: Decoding Neanderthals - The Funeral Murders TV - This Week: Death on the Rock TV - Tony Robinson TV - David Attenborough TV - George McGavin TV - Bettany Hughes TV -
Neanderthals had dominated Europe for nearly half a million years. But from the moment our ancestors entered the continent their days were numbered ... The last known refuge of the Neanderthals was here in Gibraltar. They lived their final years in these caves. Archaeologists believe the last Neanderthals died out 24,000 years ago. Nova: Decoding Neanderthals, PBS 2013
This is the story of a dramatic and deadly series of events that took place at two funerals in Belfast in March 1988. The Funeral Murders, BBC 2018
The Gibraltar 3 were unarmed when they were killed … The coffins were driven 100 miles north across the border to Belfast. ibid.
A sense of nervousness about how the funeral would be policed. ibid.
This triple republican funeral was a major event in west Belfast with thousands of people lining the route. ibid.
‘There was a loud boom’ … ‘And then people were sort of in a panic’ … ‘There were more explosions’ … ‘I seen this fellow, ended up Michael Stone, having this handgun’ … ‘Then he pulled out a grenade’ … The crowd of mourners caught up with him and successfully overpowered him. ibid.
He [Stone] attacked the mourners indiscriminately injuring 60 people and killing three of the young men. ibid.
Just 72 hours after the funeral of the Gibraltar three republicans prepared for another funeral … IRA volunteer Michael Brady who’d been killed by Michael Stone three days earlier. ibid.
British soldiers who had been travelling in an unmarked vehicle. ibid.
‘No warning, nothing said, no screams, nothing, just the shots.’ This Week: Death on the Rock, witness, Thames TV 1988
‘From a distance of about four feet and that the firing was continuous.’ ibid.
The killing by the SAS of three IRA terrorists in Gibraltar has provoked intense debate. ibid.
Did the SAS men have the law on their side? ibid.
Were they operating what’s become known as a Shoot to Kill policy? ibid.
Neanderthals: they’d evolved down a different branch of the human family tree. Man on Earth with Tony Robinson: Triumph of the Homo Sapiens, Discovery 2010
One pocket remained in Gibraltar. ibid.
Gibraltar: Home to Europe’s only monkeys. Barbary Macaques. Four family troops live here. David Attenborough, Seven World, One Planet V: Europe, BBC 2019
Gibraltar: the only wild monkeys in all of Europe. Dr George McGavin, Monkey World II, BBC 2014
An iconic landmark in sight of two continents – Europe and Africa. Bettany Hughes’ Treasures of the World s1e3: Gibraltar
From Neanderthal discoveries, to Admiral Nelson and the Battle of Trafalgar, great Islamic citadels and the top-secret tunnels that inspired James Bond. ibid.
The lost world of the Neanderthals who lived in the 200 caves which honeycomb the Rock. Ever since a groundbreaking discovery was made here back in 1848, Gibraltar has offered a rare glimpse into the lives of our prehistoric forebears. ibid.
The Neanderthals were cultural, spiritual people. ibid.
Tower of Homage: Built in the early 1300s and almost 100 feet tall, this treasure is the single largest tower constructed when much of Spain and Portugal were Islamic. ibid.
Nazi high command made detailed plans for the invasion of Gibraltar. ibid.
A brand-new discovery hidden away within a cave inside the great Rock of Gibraltar itself … Gorham’s Cave … This is a shrine … This is a Medusa … A 2,500 sign saying watch out. Bettany Hughes’ Treasures of the World s1e4: Mediterranean Islands