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★ Great Britain: 1900–Date (I)

Great Britain 1900–Date (I): see Great Britain: 1900–Date (II) & Great Britain & Great Britain: Early–1899 (I) & (II) & (III) & England & Scotland & Wales & Royal Family & Europe & European Community & British Empire & UK Foreign Relations & United Kingdom & World War I & World War II & Brexit

George Alagiah TV - Rude Britannia! TV - Simon Schama TV - Ian Hislop TV - FBI Papers - Edward VIII: Traitor King TV - Abdication: A Very British Coup TV - Edward VIII: The Plot to Topple a King TV - Churchill and the Fascist Plot TV - World War II: The Complete History TV - Blitz: The Bombs that Changed Britain TV - The World at War TV - The Battle of Britain TV - Air Marshall Sir Arthur Bomber Harris - World War II: The Apocalypse TV - Harold Nicolson - Anthony Eden - Harold MacMillan - Heath vs Wilson: The 10-Year Deal TV - Ted Heath - Adam Curtis TV - Neil Kinnock - Private Eye - Joe Haines - The Plot Against Harold Wilson TV - Dominic Sandbrook TV - It Was Alright in the 1970s TV - Spitting Image TV - The Daily Telegraph - Duncan Campbell TV - Mike Cockerell TV - Idi Amin - Margaret Thatcher - George Bush - Liverpool Narcos TV -            

 

 

31,395.  This wedding symbolizes one of the truly great changes in British life.  Once and it’s not so long ago such a relationship would leave you ostracized and officially condemned.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  George Alagiah, Mixed Britannia 1910-1939 1/3

 

31,396.  Yet through it all mixed race communities have not only survived they’ve flourished.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,397.  One in ten children in this country now lives in a mixed race family.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,398.  There were now perhaps 20,000 men from the Caribbean, the Middle East and Asia here.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,399.  The [South Shields] riots spread to Cardiff another port city that had changed ... White men threw insults and then stones.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Riot)  ibid.

 

31,400.  Something like 15,000 people were involved in the riots in 1919.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Riot)  ibid.

 

31,401.  Ever since the 1919 riots Stanley like all foreign seamen had had to register with the police and carry an ID card bearing a photograph. Even Emily was not immune from this humiliation.  An earlier nationality law had a rather vicious sting in its tail: every inch an Englishwoman once she married Stanley she lost her British nationality.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,402.  The law was applied differently around the country.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,403.  In London’s docklands home to 700 Chinese people intolerance coupled with ignorance made for some dark myths about the community.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,404.  Eugenics saw itself as a new science for human advancement. (England & Great Britain & Race & Eugenics)  ibid.

 

31,405.  The unfortunate mixed-race children of Liverpool would be the first guinea pigs on which the theory would be tested.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,406.  On 19th May 1930 on this very stage Paul Robeson, the African-American singer and actor, came to play Othello here in Britain.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Shakespeare)  ibid.

 

31,407.  Many of them had been born and bred in Cardiff but were still treated as foreigners.  (Wales & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,408.  Tiger Bay was home to many different races.  (Wales & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,409.  These couples were making it up as they went along sharing some customs and quietly ignoring those that didn’t work for them.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,410.  In 1929 James Wilson started to call openly for a new form of social control, anti-Miscegenation laws similar to those which had been introduced in South Africa.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,411.  In his book English Journey Priestley is clearly moved by what he found in the mixed race community in Liverpool.  His writing helped to create a new vision of Englishness.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,412.  Our dalliance with face science was suddenly over.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,413.  Some white women, perhaps only a handful at first, allowed their hearts to rule their heads and in so doing felt the full wroth of so-called respectable society ... Imagine how brave they had to be.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,414.  Heroic pioneers of mixed-race Britain.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.  

 

 

31,415.  Like so many other mixed race war babies Tony was put into care by his unmarried mother.  (England & Great Britain & Race)    George Alagiah, Mixed Britannia 1940-1965 2/3

 

31,416.  The Second World War turned lives upside down.  People from different races worked together and played together.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,417.  Mass immigration meant Britain would never look the same again.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,418.  Dr Harold Moody – a Jamaican born GP who’d married a white English nurse Olive in 1913.  In 1931 he’d set up the League of Coloured Peoples – Britain’s first black pressure group.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,419.  Jake [Jacobs] was one of more than six thousand black servicemen from the colonies who came here.  They were here to help in the war effort, but they did so much more.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,420.  About a thousand mixed-race babies were now fatherless ... A shocking number ended up in care.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,421.  Harold Moody argued that the children should be treated as war casualties whose care should be jointly funded by the British and American governments.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,422.  Liverpool in the summer of 1946 ... In a number of dawn raids police descended on the area – their mission to round up any Chinese seamen they could find ... A boat was ready and waiting for their journey to China.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,423.  One thousand three hundred and sixty two Chinese men were forced to leave.  Of those some three hundred were married.  Somewhere between five hundred and a thousand children were left fatherless.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,424.  Peggy Cripps’ groom was not some British toff – he was Joe Appiah, a Ghanaian chieftain’s son.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,425.  Pathé News was on hand to reflect just how fundamentally British families were changing.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,426.  Mixed race relationships had become an issue of national debate.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid. 

 

31,427.  Vicious nigger hunts by white teddy boys.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,428.  Actor Earl Cameron was himself in a mixed race married when he appeared in Flame in the Streets.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,429.  Emergency Ward 10 proved right on the button.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,430.  As well as West Indians and Africans over 100,000 Indian and Pakistanis had entered the country.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,431.  The NHS was a magnet for people of all nationalities.  (England & Great Britain & Race & National Health Service)  ibid.

 

31,432.  By 1968 there were two Race Relations Acts which outlawed discrimination in jobs and housing.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

 

31,433.  Britain today has one of the most ethnically diverse populations in Europe.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  George Alagiah, Mixed Britannia: 1965 - 2011 3/3  

 

31,434.  Between 1962 and 1971 there had been a succession of Immigration Acts.  By that time the number of south Asians stood at almost half a million.  (England & Great Britain & Race & Immigration)  ibid.

 

31,435.  There were many more mixed race children than you’d expect.  ibid.

 

31,436.  By the early 1980s there was a hot debate about trans-racial adoption.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,437.  Should mixed race children be defined by their colour or by their need?  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

31,438.  The story of the De Souza adoption process soon broke national causing outrage in the media.  (England & Great Britain & Race)  ibid.

 

 

48,512.  I was telling you I went down a coalmine the other day.  We sank into a pit half a mile deep.  We then walked underneath the mountain, and we did about three-quarters of a mile with rock and shale above us. The earth seemed to be straining around us and above us to crush us in.

You could see the pit-props bent and twisted and sundered until you saw their fibres split in resisting the pressure.  Sometimes they give way, and then there is mutilation and death.  Often a spark ignites: the whole pit is deluged in fire, and the breath of life is scorched out of hundreds of breasts by the consuming flame.  In the very next colliery to the one I descended just a few years ago three hundred people lost their lives in that way.  And yet when the Prime Minister and I knock at the door of these great landlords, and say to them: Here, you know, these poor fellows who have been digging up royalties at the risk of their lives, some of them are old, they have survived the perils of their trade, they are broken, they can earn no more.  Won’t you give them something towards keeping them out of the workhouse?  They scowl at us, and we say: Only a ha’penny, just a copper.  They say: You thieves!  And they turn their dogs on to us, and you can hear their bark every morning.  If this is an indication of the view taken by these great landlords of their responsibility to the people who at the risk of life create their wealth, then I say their day of reckoning is at hand.  (Coal & Mines & England & Great Britain & United Kingdom & Working Class & Old Age & Retirement)  Lloyd George, address Edinburgh Castle, Limehouse, London

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