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Genes & Genetics & Human Genome Project
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★ Genes & Genetics & Human Genome Project

Genes & Genetics & Human Genome Project: see Biology & DNA & Health & Genetically Modified Foods & Generation & Ancestors & Immunology & Stem Cells & Clone

BBC News - Francis Collins - Craig Venter - Michael Dexter - Bill Clinton - Tony Blair - Tom Shakespeare - Randy Scott - John Sulston - Fred Sanger - Mike Stratton - Yoshiro Mori - Human Swarm TV - Richard Dawkins TV - Jacob Bronowski TV - Andrew Marr TV - Dr Alice Roberts & BBC Horizon - Armand Marie Lerio TV - Giorgio A Tsoukalos - The Sopranos TV - Star Trek: Voyager TV - Chris Everard - Lance Dodes - David Attenborough TV - Phillip E Johnson - Adam Curtis TV - Adam Rutherford - Secret Universe TV - Stephen Hawking TV - James Burke TV - Francis Crick & James Watson - Sydney Brenner - Carl Sagan TV - Carl Baugh - Gene Hamer - Robert Winston - Ian Stewart - John Polkinghorne - John M Smith - Robert May - F William Engdahl - Daniel C Dennett - Stephen Pinker - Michio Kaku - Kenneth R Miller - Steve Jones - Edward Murray East - Theodosius Dobzhansky - George Beadle - Max Ludwig Henning Delbruck - Nova TV - Christopher Hitchens - Colin Blakemore - Graham Downing - Annihilation 2018 -     

 

 

76,604.  Scientists on both sides of the Atlantic say they have completed a rough draft of the entire human genetic code.  BBC News December 1999

 

 

76,605.  It is humbling for me and awe inspiring to realise that we have caught the first glimpse of our own instruction book, previously known only to God.  Dr Francis Collins, Human Genome Project

 

 

76,606.  I think we will view this period as a very historic time, a new starting point.  Dr Craig Venter, Celera Genomics

 

 

76,607.  This is the outstanding achievement not only of our lifetime but in terms of human history.  I say this, because the Human Genome Project does have the potential to impact on the life of every person on this planet.  Dr Michael Dexter, Wellcome Trust

 

 

76,608.  Today we are learning the language in which God created life.  Bill Clinton

 

 

76,609.  We have to focus on the possibilities, develop them and then face up to the hard ethical and moral questions that are inevitably posed by such an extraordinary scientific discovery.  Tony Blair

 

 

76,610.  We share 51% of our genes with yeast and 98% with chimpanzees – it is not genetics that makes us human.  (Genetics & Chimpanzee)  Dr Tom Shakespeare, University of Newcastle

 

 

76,612.  The availability of genome sequence is just the beginning.  Scientists now want to understand the genes and the role they play in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease.  (Genetics & Disease)  Dr Randy Scott, President of Incyte

 

 

76,613.  We’ve now got to the point in human history where for the first time we are going to hold in our hands the set of instructions to make a human being.  (Genetics & Humanity)  Dr John Sulston, UK Sanger Centre

 

 

76,614.  I never thought it would be done as quickly as this.  Professor Fred Sanger, co-inventor of DNA sequencing

 

 

76,615.  It would surprise me enormously if in twenty years the treatment of cancer had not been transformed.  (Genetics & Cancer)  Dr Mike Stratton, Cancer Genome Project

 

 

76,616.  It [Human Genome Project] represents an immense step forward for humanity in deciphering the make-up of life itself.  (Genetics & Life)  Yoshiro Mori, Japanese Prime Minister

 

 

76,652.  We humans think and move like members of a herd in more ways than we might realise.  (Genetics & Temperature & Humanity)  Human Swarm, Channel 4 2013

 

76,653.  Temperature can make us not as individuals but as a collective mass, a human swarm.  (Genetics & Temperature & Humanity)  ibid.

 

76,654.  When the temperature drops by a few degrees our food consumption goes up.  (Genetics & Temperature & Humanity & Food)  ibid.

 

 

566.  Our bodies are survival machines for genes.  (Religion & Bodies & Genes & Evolution)  Richard Dawkins, Sex, Death and the Meaning of Life II, Channel 4 2012

 

86,585.  Our genes appear to trade long life for reproduction.  ibid.

 

 

6,134.  Individual human beings are there as machines for propagating their genes.  (Individual & Gene)  Richard Dawkins, BBC Thinking Aloud

 

6,135.  The Selfish Gene never made claims about the selfishness of human psychology ... It’s the selfish gene but not the selfish individual.  (Individual & Gene & Selfish)  ibid.

 

 

4,252.  In humans the brain has taken over in such a big way that it becomes positively misleading to try to explain human behaviour in a simple-minded naive vehicle for the genes ... What governs how humans behave is an extremely complicated mixture of our genetically provided brains overlain by a massive infusion of culture.  (Humanity & Brain & Behaviour & Gene)  Professor Richard Dawkins

 

 

5,696.  They are in you and in me; they created us, ‘body and mind’ and their preservation is the ultimate rationale for our existence ... they go by the name of genes, and we are their survival machines.  (Evolution & Genes)  Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene ch2

 

 

5,711.  What Bill Hamilton did in 1964 was to realise that what matters is not just reproduction, not just producing children, but assisting the survival of your own genes.  (Evolution & Genes)  Professor Richard Dawkins, interview A Beautiful Mind

 

 

74,464.  The image of the organism including ourselves as a machine for passing on genes to shift the focus away from the idea of the organism as being the agent in life to the immortal replicator.  Professor Richard Dawkins, televised interview 1987

 

 

63,135.  Altruism, like any other behaviour, must have evolved over time as brains have evolved.  (Altruism & Genetics)  Professor Richard Dawkins, The Genius of Darwin II 

 

63,136.  Selfish genes give rise to altruistic individuals.  (Altruism & Genetics)  ibid. 

 

 

95,731.  In the world of genes, the occasional flaws in replication (mutations) see to it that the gene pool contains alternative variants of any given gene – ‘allele’ – which may therefore be seen as competing with one another.  Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion p192 

 

 

95,804.  How easy it is for the non-random selection of genes – the ‘carving and whittling’ of gene pools – to produce truly dramatic changes in anatomy and behaviour, and so fast.  (Evolution & Genetics)  Richard Dawkins, The Greatest Show on Earth p37

 

95,805.  Gene pools, on the other hand, are continually added to, for example by mutation, while at the same time non-random death subtracts.  (Evolution & Genetics)  ibid.  p37

 

95,837.  Whether or not a given gene is turned on in a given cell at a given time is determined, often via a cascade of other genes called switch genes or controller genes, by the chemical environment of the cell.  (Cell & Genetics)  ibid.  p243

 

95,842.  What Darwin didn’t – couldn’t – know is that the comparative evidence becomes even more convincing when we include molecular genetics, in addition to the anatomical comparisons that were available to him.  (Evolution & Genetics)  ibid.  p315 

 

94,843.  The complete deciphering of the human genome is one of those achievements that makes me proud to be human.  (Genetics & Achievement)  ibid.  p316   

 

 

107,526.  The fluke wants the ants to go up on to the tops of the grass stems where they are more likely to be eaten.  So the fluke actually burrows into the brain of the ant and makes a lesion in the brain of the ant which changes the behaviour of the ant so it goes up instead of down - that increases the chance that the fluke will be eaten by the sheep … This is an adaptation by the fluke gene … The extended phenotype of the genes in the fluke.  Richard Dawkins, with Matt Dillahunty Vancouver 6th November 2016

 

 

107,422.  Nature or Nurture: and I said you can only really talk about genes for variation in things, so you can’t say there’s a gene for intelligence or a gene for mathematics, what you can say is there are several genes … Mathematical ability is much too complicated to be determined by a gene … Richard Dawkins, interview Joan Bakewell Hay Festival 2017, Youtube 56.57

 

 

5,867.  The genes are made of nucleic acid – that’s where the action is.  (Evolution & Genes & DNA & Humanity)  Jacob Bronowski, The Ascent of Man: Generation Upon Generation 12/13

 

5,868.  On 2nd April 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick sent to Nature the paper which describes this structure in DNA.  (Evolution & Genes & DNA & Humanity)  ibid.

 

5,869.  The child is not a prisoner of its inheritance ... The child is an individual, the bee is not.  (Evolution & Genes & DNA & Bee & Humanity)  ibid.    

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