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64,017. Buffalo New York today looks very different from how it did on the afternoon of September 6th 1901. At the time US President William McKinley was visiting the city's great pan-American exposition ... Suddenly gun shots split the air: McKinley staggers as two bullets thump into him. (Assassination & President & United States) Infamous Assassinations: The Assassination of President McKinley
64,018. Just one year into his second term. (Assassination & President & United States) ibid.
64,019. By now the US is at war with Spain. The war begins in April 1898 over Cuba's demand for independence from Spanish rule. (Assassination & President & United States) ibid.
64,020. [Leon] Czolgosz’s sanity is drawn into question. (Assassination & President & United States) ibid.
92,264. The United States of America was a bold invention. Creating an immense challenge. It took an eight-year war of independence followed by intense political debate to produce a republic of, by and for the people. (United States & President) Ultimate Guide to the Presidents: Assume the Position 1789-1925 e1
92,265. The office of US president has come to embody the hopes and aspirations of the American people. (United States & President) ibid.
92,266. The first presidential election took place on 4th February 1789. (United States & President) ibid.
92,267. [James] Monroe kicked off his presidency with a tour of the states by horse and carriage. (United States & President) ibid.
32,631. In September 1901 [William] McKinley was assassinated. Theodore Roosevelt, then aged forty-two, became the youngest president to hold the presidency to date. (Presidency US & United States & Assassination) Ultimate Guide to the Presidents: Call of Duty 1899-1921 e5
32,632. Taft: He was a reluctant leader and felt out of place in the White House. (Presidency US & United States) ibid.
32,633. [Woodrow] Wilson: 2.8 million men would be drafted, and the top income tax rate was raised to 77% to cover defense spending. (Presidency US & United States & Tax) ibid.
92,268. America in the 1920s was a country poised for a fresh start ... (United States & President) The Times called for a stronger leader. Ultimate Guide to the Presidents: Changing of the Guard 1920-1945 e6
92,269. Warren Harding was an easy-going everyman. (United States & Presidency US) ibid.
92,270. Some Cabinet members just couldn’t resist using their unfettered power for personal gain. (United States & Presidency US) ibid.
92,271. At 2.30 in the morning 51-year-old vice-president Calvin Coolidge was woken at his family’s Vermont home to be told of Harding’s death. (United States & Presidency US) ibid.
92,272. Coolidge barely uttered a word. (United States & Presidency US) ibid.
92,273. The torch of conservative leadership was passed to Herbert Hoover. (United States & Presidency US) ibid.
92,274. 1933 on the 4th March Franklin Delano Roosevelt arrived at the capital to take the oath of office. (United States & Presidency US) ibid.
32,634. At the end of the Second World War in 1945 America emerged as a global superpower. But the ensuing Cold War then presented the US with a very new crisis. (Presidency US & United States & Cold War) Ultimate Guide to the Presidents: Hail to the Chief 1945-1964 e7
32,635. Truman's approval ratings fell to 22% in February 1952. (Presidency US & United States) ibid.
32,636. Eisenhower ... preferred covert action in proxy wars. (Presidency US & United States & Empire US & Terror) ibid.
32,637. Kennedy and Nixon were the first candidates to have a televised debate. Over seventy-seven million people, two-thirds of the adult American population, tuned in. (Presidency US & United States & Television) ibid.
32,638. Over the last fifty years US presidents have attempted to exert their power for vastly different results ... The power of the office has increased. (Presidency US & United States) Ultimate Guide to the Presidents: Mantle of Power 1965-2013 e8
32,639. By the end of his [Johnson’s] presidency more than half a million [troops] were stationed across the Pacific. (Presidency US & United States & Empire US) ibid.
32,640. Additional abuses of power on Nixon’s part: he’d authorised wire-taps, approved payments to cover up the scandal, and misused the CIA to divert an FBI investigation. Nixon, however, appeared unfazed. (Presidency US & United States & Nixon) ibid.
32,641. The everyman image that got Carter elected as the 39th US president worked against him whilst he was in the White House. (Presidency US & United States) ibid.
32,642. Reagan: he would president over a shift of power away from Congress and back to the Executive mansion. (Presidency US & United States & Reagan) ibid.
92,276. Newspapers were awash with sensational details of Italian crime families. (United States & Mafia & Italy) The Italian Americans: La Famiglia 1890-1910, PBS
92,277. At the dawn of the twentieth century over four million Italians arrived in America ... Those who remained struggled to find their place in the American mainstream. (United States & Mafia & Italy) ibid.
92,278. By 1870, after only a decade of Italian unification, the economic conditions in the south forced many southern Italians to flee their villages in search of work in America. (United States & Mafia & Italy) ibid.
92,279. The word Mafia began to crop up in newspapers across the country. (United States & Mafia & Italy) ibid.
92,280. Overnight [Rudolph] Valentino became one of the silent-era film's biggest stars. (United States & Film & Actor) The Italian Americans: Becoming Americans 1910-1930
92,281. At the front of the picket lines were the Italians. (United States & Solidarity & Strike & Industrial Action) ibid.
92,282. For Italians these festivals were more than a religious tradition – they were an affirmation of their culture. ibid.
92,283. Attorney General [A Mitchell] Palmer went on a mission to track down every last anarchist in America. (United States & Anarchy & Italy) ibid.
92,284. Now indicted for first-degree murder, Sacco and Vanzetti stood trial in the summer of 1921. From the start it was clear that the case was really about anarchy, and being Italian. (United States & Anarchy & Murder & Italy & Miscarraige of Justice) ibid.
92,285. Johnson-Reed Act: which set strict immigration quotes for Italians. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,286. Overnight, illegal bootlegging became a multi-million dollar trade. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,287. The majority of Americans found mainstream success. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,288. On July 1st 1941 at Yankee Stadium in the Bronx Italian Joe di Maggio was on an electrifying forty-four game winning streak. (United States & Italy) The Italian Americans: Loyal Americans 1930-1945
92,289. La Guardia campaigned on a strong anti-corruption platform. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,290. Italian-American families proudly sent their boys to war. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,291. Italian-Americans increasingly came under suspicion by the federal government. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,292. In California an estimated 10,000 Italian were forced to evacuate their homes. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,293. The Rat Pack briefly became the Jack Pack. (United States & Italy) The Italian Americans: American Dream 1945-Today
92,294. TV screens across the country were inundated with reports of a government crack-down on organised crime. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,295. Not all Italian-Americans had such a positive response to The Godfather. (United States & Italy) ibid.
92,296. Italian stereotypes have been mined for their entertainment value. (United States & Italy) ibid.
5,314. It is only when we speak what is right that we stand a chance at night of being blown to bits in our homes. Can we call this a free country when I am afraid to go to sleep in my own home in Mississippi? ... I might not live two hours after I get back home, but I want to be a part of setting the Negro free in Mississippi. (Civil Liberties & Rights & Mississippi & United States of America) Fannie Lou Hamer, cited Hay Mills ‘This Little Light of Mine’
5,315. With the people, for the people, by the people. I crack up when I hear it; I say, with the handful, for the handful, by the handful, ’cause that’s what really happens. (Civil Liberties & Rights & United States of America) Fannie Lou Hamer cited ibid.
28,914. There is a homely old adage which runs: ‘Speak softly and carry a big stick: you will go far’. If the American nation will speak softly, and yet build and keep at a pitch of the highest training a thoroughly efficient navy, the Monroe Doctrine will go far. (United States & Navy) Theodore Roosevelt, speech 2nd September 1901
28,915. A man who is good enough to shed his blood for the country is good enough to be given a square deal afterwards. More than that no man is entitled to, and less that no man shall have. (United States & Soldier) Theodore Roosevelt 4th July 1903