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76,800. Tell-tale signs of a new breed of predator: they had come to North America from Asia around 15,000 years ago. The first Americans. Professor Alice Roberts: Ice Age Giants III: Last of the Giants
6,113. The high plains of south-west America. There 750 years ago the inhabitants of North America’s first cities were hit by a savage drought. (Evolution & Humanity & United States of America) Man on Earth with Tony Robinson III: Killer Climate
94,432. When I was a kid my heroes were sheriffs, gunman, outlaw, train robbers and Indian fighters. (West & United States of America & Hero & Native Americans) Tony Robinson’s Wild West I, Discovery 2015
94,433. These are genuine 3-D photographs of real Cowboys and Indians ... Stereograph prints were popular all over the world. (West & United States of America & Photographs & Native Americans) ibid.
94,434. Before the Europeans arrived there were around two million Native people living in America. (West & United States of America & Native Americans) ibid.
94,435. The Sioux lived on the Great Plains ... These were a nomadic people. (West & United States of America & Native Americans) ibid.
94,436. Sitting Bull: people joined his resistance. (West & United States of America & Native Americans) ibid.
111,338. In Kensington Minnesota 1898 a Swedish immigrant Olof Ohman found a stone with runic inscription. Now this rune stone came to be known as the Kensington Rune Stone, and it became one of the most controversial artefacts in history. The year 1362 is carved on the rune stone along with an inscription of a Viking journey, suggesting that Europeans were here way before Christopher Columbus. But scholars have declared it a hoax. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Viking & United States of America & Hoax & Stone) Secrets of the Viking Stone I: Rocks Don’t Lie, Sky History 2021, Peter Stormare reporting
127,878. So what does it say? … 8 Goths and 22 Norwegians upon a journey of discovery from Vinland westwards. We had camp by two skerries one day’s journey north from this stone … 1362. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Viking & United States of America & Hoax & Stone) Secrets of the Viking Stone II: Skeletons in the Closet
127,879. The inscription on the stones speaks of a massacre of ten men, one day’s journey north, which could be where those skeletons were found in the Ashby gravel pit. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Viking & United States of America & Hoax & Stone) ibid.
127,880. Vinland, west of Greenland Helga and & Ann Instad In 1960 a Norwegian couple … used these sagas to navigate around Newfoundland and they eventually found a Viking settlement that was dated to the year around 1,000. This changed everything. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Viking & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada) ibid.
54,377. The Vikings went almost everywhere in Europe … They settled on whatever islands they could find in the north Atlantic. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) Secrets of the Viking Stone III: Viking Confidential, historian
54,382. The fur trade was exactly what would have brought a group of Norsemen to Kensington, Minnesota in 1362. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) ibid.
54,872. Elroy and I continue to search for an archaeologist who would be willing to hear us out about the Code Stone. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) Secrets of the Viking Stone IV: One Two Three, Archaeology!
54,873. ‘The DNA testing worked very well’ … We had a suspicion it might be Native American … Since the skull was Native, we had to figure out a way to get the skull back to the Native Americans. Academics have a hard time believing that the Vikings came to Minnesota, but some are open to the idea L’Anse aux Meadows wasn’t the final stop. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) ibid. expert
54,879. L’Anse aux Meadows: ‘It looks like it had the materials you needed to repair ships: that’s why there’s so many rivets founds there, and also a place where you could make rivets.’ (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) ibid. Dr Anders Winroth
54,880. Whoever did this, that’s the person I would like to meet. It’s the last runemaster. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) Secrets of the Viking Stone V: Don’t Worry, Be Happy, Dr Winroth
79,380. There was no doubt that the stone had been found wrapped in tree roots. And all the witnesses who had signed affidavits regarding the age of the tree stated it was at least twenty-five to thirty years old when Olof found the stone. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) Secrets of the Viking Stone VI: The Discovery
79,381. It [stone] was in the ground before he [Olof] even got here. And we’ve proved that. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) ibid.
2,114. According to Scot, the Knights Templar had been used the hooked X for centuries … The hooked X was carved on other rune stone that had been found right here in these United States. (Artefacts & Minnesota & Vikings & United States of America & Hoax & Stone & Canada & Exploration) ibid.
28,406. If you ask most people who ‘discovered’ America, they’ll tell you it was Christopher Columbus. For generations that’s what the history books said. But the history books were wrong. Who Really Discovered America?
28,407. Fresh evidence suggests that America was more like Clapham Junction for ancient travellers long before Columbus arrived. ibid.
28,408. There’s no doubting Native Americans had already settled in north America by the time Columbus arrived. The Bering Strait land-bridge theory suggests their ancestors crossed over from Asia some eighteen thousand years ago during the last ice years when a strip of land connected the two continents. (United States of America & Native Americans) ibid.
28,409. China 1421 A.D. 71 years before Columbus ... The largest maritime fleet in the world ... There may be evidence Zheng made it to America even earlier than 1421. ibid.
28,410. China 455 A.D. 1037 years before Columbus ... In China a Buddhist monk Hui Shen set sail from the coast travelling to a land he calls Fusang, what some believe is America. ibid.
28,411. Southern California ... A bed of unusual stones on the sea floor. So what are these stones? And could they prove Hui Shen made it to America fifteen hundred years ago? ... These large round stones, some weighing over a hundred and thirty kilograms, bear a striking resemblance to stone anchors used on Chinese ships as early as the time of Christ. (United States of America & California) ibid.
28,412. Wales 1150 A.D. 342 years before Columbus ... The idea that Madoc discovered America didn’t become part of the legend until the mid-1500s ... Some believe Madoc and a party of colonists left Wales in 1170. (United States of America & Wales) ibid.
28,413. Polynesia 1000 A.D. Four hundred and ninety-two years before Columbus ... Did they also sail by the stars to north and south America? ... Chickens they may have introduced to South America ... Sweet potatoes are not believed to be native to Polynesia, but they are native to South America: a possible clue ... But it’s more than the word for this canoe that’s important, it’s also the canoe itself which has a design that turns out to be rare, very rare ... And there’s more evidence: fish hooks ... found off Catalina Island near Los Angeles. (United States of America & California) ibid.
28,414. Even if the Polynesians didn’t find North America in 1000 A.D. someone else did: a settlement in Newfoundland proves that’s when the Vikings made it to Canada. But did they reach the United States? (United States of America & Canada & Viking) ibid.
28,415. Scandinavia 1000 A.D. Still 492 years before Columbus: Viking voyagers from Scandinavia were exploring the north Atlantic, and it was only a matter of time before one of them sailed to North America. (United States of America & Canada & Viking) ibid.
28,416. The east coast is also home to some other artefacts thought to be Norse ... The most famous is the Kensington Runestone unearthed by a farmer in Minnesota in 1898: ‘8 Goths and 22 Norwegians on an Acquisition journey far to the west of Vinland’. (United States of America & Viking) ibid.
28,417. Ireland 530 A.D. 962 years before Columbus ... Saint Brendan the Navigator had a vision of paradise. Legend says he found it, and it was America. (United States of America & Ireland) ibid.
28,418. A voyage by ancient Hebrews even before the time of Christ is the foundation for an entire religion ... Israel 600 B.C. Two thousand and ninety two years before Columbus ... So strong is the Central Band’s [Cherokee] belief that they have Jewish ancestry and origins in ancient Israel they set out to prove it by blood ... New Mexico state archaeologist David Eck has led more than his share of people into the Los Lunas desert etched with the ten commandments in what appears to be Paleo-Hebrew ... The stone has been subject to vandalism. (United States of America & Native Americans) Who Really Discovered America?
28,419. The tests are in and they are problematic proving Jewish ancestry. ibid.