Helen Castor TV - Sam Willis TV -
30,483. While Matilda hesitated it was her cousin Stephen who seized the moment. Stephen was a powerful man and an effective soldier. (England & Matilda & Stephen & Norman) Dr Helen Castor, She Wolves: England’s Early Queens I, BBC 2012
30,484. Stephen’s masterstroke was his speedily arranged coronation. (England & Matilda & Stephen & Norman) ibid.
30,485. Normandy had collapsed into anarchy and so had Stephen’s army. (England & Stephen & Norman) ibid.
66,306. That man was Stephen – what followed was a protracted civil war ... One of the bleakest periods in our history. (Castle & Stephen & England & Norman) Sam Willis, Castles: Britain's Fortified History I, Instruments of Invasion, BBC 2014
66,307. At 172 days the siege of Kennilworth was the longest to take place on English soil. (Castle & Stephen & England & Norman) ibid.