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★ Spanish Civil War

Spanish Civil War: see Spain & Catalonia & Civil War & Anarchism & War & Fascism

Noam Chomsky - Dolores Ibarruri - Oliver Stone TV - Visions of War TV - Martha Gellhorn - W H Auden - World War II: The Complete History TV - Simon Schama TV - Seeing Red: Stories of American Communists TV - Living Utopia: The Anarchists and the Spanish Revolution TV - An Anarchist’s Story: Ethel McDonald TV - Land and Freedom 1995 - Dictators’ Rulebook TV - Spanish Civil War with Michael Portillo TV - Cary Nelson - Neal Ascherson - George Orwell - The Spanish Civil War TV - Arena: George Orwell TV - The Truth About Franco: Spain’s Forgotten Dictator TV - Storyville: Facing Franco’s Crimes: The Silence of Others TV - Hemingway TV -

 

 

94,966.  Fascists, Communists, and liberal democracies were united in opposition to the libertarian revolution that swept over much of the country, turning to the conflict over the spoils only when popular forces were safely suppressed.  (Spain & Suppression & Spanish Civil War)  Noam Chomsky, Deterring Democracy  

 

 

108,237.  There’s no libertarian-socialist society on any large scale that was able to withstand destructive attacks, so for example Spain … the movement was really destroyed by the communists.  (Anarchy & Spanish Civil War)  Noam Chomsky, lecture Litteraturhuset Oslo 7th September 2011, ‘Beyond State Socialism

 

 

109,632.  The best example to my knowledge is the Spanish revolution in 1936 … highly successful and in many ways inspiring.  (Anarchism & Spanish Civil War)  Noam Chomsky, The Relevance of Anarcho- Syndicalism, interview Peter Jay 1976, Youtube

  

 

89,251.  Men and women of every country who love freedom and progress, we appeal to you for the final time.  If our appeal remains a voice crying out in the wilderness, our protests are ignored, our humane conduct, if all these are taken for signs of weakness, then the enemy will have only himself to blame – for we shall give vent to our wrath and destroy him in his lair.  (Spain & Solidarity & Spanish Civil War)  Dolores Ibarruri

 

 

89,252.  Workers!  Farmers!  Antifascists!  Patriotic Spaniards!  Everyone rise to defend the Republic against the Fascist military uprising, to defend the common freedoms and the democratic triumphs of the people!

 

The country realizes the gravity of the current situation through the bulletins being issued by the government and the Popular Front.  In Morocco and in the Canary Islands the workers are fighting beside the Armed Forces loyal to the Republic against the military rebels and Fascists.

 

To the cry of ‘Fascism shall not pass!  The executioners of October shall not pass!’ the workers and farmers of the various provinces of Spain are joining the fight against the enemies of the Republic declared in armed rebellion.  Communists, Socialists, Anarchists, Republican democrats, the soldiers and services loyal to the Republic have inflicted the first defeats on the insurgents, who drag through the quagmire of Treason the military honour they have boasted about so much.

 

The whole country roils with fury at those savages who want to plunge democratic and the people's Spain into a hell of terror and death.

 

But they shall not pass!  (Spain & Solidarity & Spanish Civil War)  Dolores Ibarruri

 

 

89,253.  Stand up, people of Spain!

 

Women!  Defend the life of your children!  Defend the liberty of your men!  [Endure] Every conceivable sacrifice rather than grant the victory of the forces which represent a past of oppression, a past of tyranny.

 

Everybody against the Reaction!  Everyone against Fascism!  One front only!  One faction united shoulder to shoulder until the enemy is defeated!

 

Down with the rebel generals!  Down with the counter-revolutionary elements!  Long live the brave popular militias!  Long live the loyal Forces that fight alongside the workers!

 

Long live the Republic.  Long live democracy.  Down with Fascism.  Down with the Reaction.  (Spain & Solidarity & Spanish Civil War)  Dolores Ibarruri

 

 

29,248.  The feeble international response to the Spanish Civil War was even more disheartening.  (United States of America & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  Oliver Stones Untold History of the United States I: World War II, Sky Atlantic 2013

 

 

26,541.  The legion will fight in Spain for nearly two years.  (World War II & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  Visions of War: The World in Flames 2012

 

 

25,981.  I daresay we all become more competent press tourists of it, since we never again cared so much.  You can only love on war; afterward, I suppose, you do your duty.  (War & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  Martha Gellhorn, The Honeyed Place 1953, of Spanish Civil War

 

 

89,225.  But now that the guerrilla fighting is over, the Spaniards are again men without a country or families or homes or work, though everyone appreciates very much what they did.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War)  Martha Gellhorn

 

 

89,226.  It is alleged that half a million Spanish men, women and children fled to France after the Franco victory.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War)  Martha Gellhorn 

 

 

89,231.  To-morrow for the young the poets exploding like bombs,

The walks by the lake, the weeks of perfect communion;

To-morrow the bicycle races

Through the suburbs on summer evenings: but to-day the struggle.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War)  W H Auden, Spain 1937

 

 

89,240.  In 1936 civil war broke out in Spain ... The election of a government of communists and socialists caused elements of the army to break out in open rebellion ... The Italians and the Germans supported Franco, sending planes, soldiers and arms.  Both desired to discredit democracy.  And use Spain as a testing ground for new weapons.  (Spain & Spanish Civil War)  World War II: The Complete History

 

 

10,604.  Guernica: What can art really do in the face of atrocity?  (Artist & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  Simon Schama’s Power of Art: Picasso

 

10,606.  In his own homeland Spain the old certainties were collapsing ... Violence regularly erupted between political factions on the right and the left ... Spain was about to be torn apart.  It was already hopelessly divided.  (Artist & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  ibid.

 

10,607.  Over five thousand bombs were dropped on the defenceless town ... Turning the town into an ashy cauldron.  (Artist & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  ibid.

 

10,609.  Guernica: Something that reaches deep into modern nightmares.  Hectic.  Terrifying.  Burning.  Screaming.  There’s no way out.  It’s defiantly modern.  But it also pulls us back into the tragedy of the ages ... This picture achieves a miracle ... It makes us feel it.  It gets under our skin.  This for me is what all great art has to do: crash into our lazy routines.  (Artist & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  ibid.

 

10,610.  What can art do when the bombs start dropping?  It can instruct us in the obligations of being human.  (Artist & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  ibid.

 

 

102,917.  3,200 Americans went to fight for Spain along with 40,000 men and women from around the world.  These international brigades were organised primarily by the communist movement in an attempt to counter Franco’s military superiority.  (Communism & Spain & Spanish Civil War)  Seeing Red: Stories of American Communists, 1983  

 

 

109,612.  ‘Anarchism is freedom.’  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  Living Utopia: The Anarchists and the Spanish Revolution 1997, Miguel Alba

 

109,613.  ‘I woke up to the sound of the factory sirens.  And it was as if all of Barcelona were beating with a single heart.  It was something you experience maybe once in 100 years.  And one thing I can say is that it marked my life.  That emotion is always with me.’  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.  Federico Arcos

 

109,614.  ‘The real revolution started on July 19th.  The people started it spontaneously defending themselves against the army.  It was the one and only time that the people defeated the army.’  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.  Francisco Carrasquer  

 

109,615.  ‘The people discovered they were the masters of their own fate.’  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.  Federico Arcos  

 

109,616.  The misery in which so many Spaniards lived in 1930 had barely improved since the start of the industrial revolution the century before.  Illiteracy and great social inequality continued while the authorities, the Church and the bourgeoisie did nothing.  Anarchism, which seemed like a Utopian socialist proposal to fight against social injustice had been gradually establishing itself among the country’s poorest classes.  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.  

 

109,617.  For anarchists it is the people who have to acquire a revolutionary awareness and get to know reality so as to change it.  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War S& Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,618.  In 1923 with the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera the CNT was outlawed and many anarchists went into exile.  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,619.  ‘The unions were being constantly closed down; the jails were full of workers.’  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.  witness

 

109,620.  It was the citizens who organised the new society.  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,621.  The people put into practice all the liberterian ideas cherished over a century … Barcelona became the advanced guard of the revolution.  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,622.  ‘Money was abolished.  All landowners would have their property expropriated whether they were to the left or to the right.  All machinery would be at the people’s disposal.  All buildings would be used for lodging inhabitants no matter who the owner was.  Work was done collectively.’  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.  witness  

 

109,623.  ‘Everyone adapted very well.’  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.

 

109,624.  The social revolution in rural Spain had the support of most of the peasants.  3 million Spaniards were living under the principles of libertarian communism.  (Anarchism & Utopia & Spain & Spanish Civil War & Catalonia)  ibid.

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