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We’ve lost one of our nuclear submarines. The Spy Who Loved Me 1977 starring Roger Moore & Barbara Bach & Curd Jurgens & Richard Kiel & Geoffrey Keen & Bernard Lee & Caroline Munro & Walter Gotell & Louis Maxwell & Desmond Llewelyn et al, director Lewis Gilbert, Navy bloke
In 1914 German and British sailors believed their war was going to be a great confrontation between huge battleships. But only once was there a full clash of fleets. The rest of the naval war was very different from what had been expected – it was a war dominated by a new weapon, the submarine. It was a war of blockades and sinkings on a massive scale. World War I in Colour: Killers of the Sea 1914-1918, Channel 5 2003
U-boats would fire on merchant shipping headed for allied ports without warning. ibid.
U-boats: they now had 110 at sea … The U-boats’ success led to food rationing in Britain. ibid.
The U-Boat was a new and terrifying way to wage war and it came close to defeating Britain. Jeremy Paxman, Britain's Great War III: The Darkest Hour, BBC 2014
The battleship was no longer the capital ship, the decisive weapon of naval warfare. Aircraft were to make these ships too vulnerable to attack ... The submarine as U-boat is for ever associated with the mythology of World War II as the definitive Nazi weapon. World War II: The Complete History: The End of Illusion, Discovery 2000
In the mythology of World War II the submarine, the U-boat, the Unterseeboot, is associated with the Nazis. Yet in fact they were slow to realise the value of this arm of their Navy. The submarine was not popular with sailors in any navy. Admirals brought up on surface action were reluctant to appreciate the strength of underwater forces. Fiction and drama, the mythology of World War II, have given us a false impression. A fabled account of how submarine operations were fought. The submarine of World War II was better described as a torpedo boat with the ability to hide underwater. World War II: The Complete History: The Day of Infamy
The Atlantic. Britain’s lifeline. Treacherous enough in peacetime, in war black with menace. U-boat packs stalked through the night. Knowing the danger, their victims still plough on. The World at War 10/26: Wolf Pack, ITV 1974
The Germans were still celebrating. In the first half of 1941 they sank nearly three million tons of shipping. ibid.
Donitz’s U-boats never had it so good. ibid.
They finally established a system of offshore convoys. ibid.
Eight of every ten U-boat crew boat men were to die in action. They called their U-boats iron coffins. ibid.
In January 1943 Roosevelt and Churchill decreed that the defeat of the U-boat be given top priority. Improved escort vessels were built. ibid.
Unable to range freely on the surface the wolf packs were beaten. ibid.
The longest battle of the Second World War was fought in the cold grey waters of the Atlantic ocean. After victory had been achieved, Britain’s wartime leader Winston Churchill wrote: ‘The only thing that frightened me during the War was the U-boat peril’. Secrets of World War II e11: Above Us the Enemy, 1998
The largest merchant fleet in the world: 3,000 ocean-going vessels and 1,000 large coastal vessels … Their most dangerous enemy was the U-boat. ibid.
[Karl] Donitz took command of the U-boat service ... Donitz was a fervent Nazi. ibid.
Depth readings would not be achieved until 1944. ibid.
The fate of the Battle of the Atlantic lay in the hands of the U-boats, each one built at a fraction of the cost of a battleship or a battle-cruiser. Secrets of World War II e16: The End of the Scharnhorst
It was here off the coast of Northern Island that the battle of the Atlantic was won and lost. In these waters German U-boats and British merchant ships played a deadly game of cat and mouse. And the end-game in this titanic struggle would see the symbolic surrender of the U-boats into a Northern Irish port. World War II Unearthed, BBC 2012
The U-boats responded to this by attacking en masse in big groups called Wolf Packs. ibid.
It’s 17.00 on a cold starlit night in December 1942. Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna is surfacing from the dark waters of the Atlantic … One of the most daring and courageous operations of the Second World War … blow up enemy shipping … A daring raid on the coast of France. Timewatch: The Most Courageous Raid of WWII: The Cockleshell Heroes, BBC 2011
A ghostly hulk … yet this crumbling tomb was once the pride of the Nazi fleet. Nazi Underworld: The Ghost of U-513, National Geographic 2013
A U-boat sunk off the coast of his native Brazil … The legend that vanished under the waves in 1943 – a lone wolf – the U-513. ibid.
Three in four U-boats never made it home. ibid.
Nazi Germany sends its U-Boats to the US coast. Chronicle of the Third Reich, H2 2013
They were some of the most treacherous weapons of the war – the German U-boats. Three out of every four U-boat crewmen did not return. Thirty thousand Allied sailors were their victims. The man responsible for all this was rewarded at the end by his Fuhrer. He became Hitler’s successor: Karl Donitz. Grand Admiral. Hitler’s Henchmen: Donitz the Successor, History 1996
The underworld went underwater trafficking cocaine in private submarines. Inside Cocaine Wars III: Narco Sub Mystery, National Geographic 2013
For years Colombian drugs traffickers have used fast boats and human mules to smuggle cocaine north. But now a new weapon has appeared in the waters south of the US: the drugs submarine. (Cocaine & Submarine) Cocaine Submarines, National Geographic 2011
It’s estimated that seventy were built in 2009 alone. ibid.
Cocaine HCL – or Cocaine Hydrochloride – is another name for powdered cocaine. ibid.
HMS Surprise belongs to the Swiftsure class of submarines. These nuclear-powered subs are equipped with Cruise missiles and were the first British subs to sail under the polar ice-cap. (Ships & Submarine) Rory McGrath’s Industrial Revelations s5e5: Best of British Engineering: Ships, Discovery 2008
Forty years ago, at the height of the Cold War, these nuclear submarines were locked in battle against the Soviet Navy. Their crews were bound by a code of silence. The Silent War, BBC 2013
Submarine crews were now on the frontline of the Cold War. ibid.
In 1966 the Royal Navy joined the nuclear club. ibid.
The Hunter Killer was smaller and stealthier than a missile submarine. ibid.
Throughout the 1970s and ’80s the nuclear balance between East and West was constantly shifting. And the front line of the Cold War was now hidden beneath the ocean. This was a war of espionage and intimidation. The Silent War II, BBC 2013
There seemed to be no end to Soviet investment and technological innovation. ibid.
Sighted sub. Sank same. Donald Mason, on sinking Japanese submarine Atlantic, first US success in war 28th January 1942
She’s the Red October, the latest Typhoon class. The Hunt for Red October 1990 starring Sean Connery & Alec Baldwin & Scott Glen & Sam Neill & James Earl Jones & Joss Ackland & Richard Gordon & Peter Firth & Tim Curry & Ronald Guttman & Michael Weldon et al, director John McTiernan, Jack Ryan to Greer
Engage the silent drive. ibid. Connery
Here in the sea it’s always another story. Das Boot 1981 starring Jurgen Prochnow & Herbert Gronemeyer & Klaus Wennemann & Hubertus Bengsch & Martin Semmelrogge & Heinz Joenig & Uwe Oschwenknecht & Claude-Oliver Rudolph & Han Fedder et al, director Wolfgang Petersen
I asked for it. ‘To be heading into the inexorable where no mother will care for us, no woman crosses our path, where only reality reigns with cruelty and grandeur’. ibid.