64,392. Historical records show that human sacrifice played a central role in Aztec culture. It is thought that they practised it on an unprecedented scale. Could the bodies at Zultepec have met the same fate? Or is there something even darker behind their demise? (Aztec & South America & Sacrifice & Central America & Mexico) The Aztec Massacre
64,393. The Spanish were the first Europeans in Mexico. They landed their ships on the Gold Coast in 1519 in search of new wealth. (Aztec & South America & Central America) ibid.
64,394. The collapse of the Inca empire in the hands of the Spanish Conquistadors was a bloody affair. (Aztec & South America & Inca & Central America & Mexico) ibid.
71,138. In 1542 Orellana led an expedition deep into the heart of the Amazon. He was searching for El Dorado. The Kingdom of God Indians said lay in the heart of the jungle. For eight months he drifted through the rain forest. When he finally returned to Spain he brought with him spellbinding tales of an unknown civilisation. (El Dorado & South America) Horizon: The Secret of El Dorado 2002
71,139. Hidden beneath these trees Erickson had found a huge pre-historic settlement. And evidence that thousands of people had once gathered here for great ceremonies. These were the characteristics of civilisation. (El Dorado & South America) ibid.
71,140. At last it was clear just what the mysterious straight lines were: they were the remains of a vast network of raised roads and canals running between the settlements ... Finally it was clear to Erickson just what he was looking at: a society that had totally mastered its environment. (El Dorado & South America) ibid.
71,141. But if there really had been a great society here, what became of it? (El Dorado & South America) ibid.
71,142. Charcoal seems to hold the nutrients in the soil preventing them being washed away by the rains ... It sounds too good to be true but the Indians’ black earth could one day help to feed the world and help save the rain forest. (El Dorado & South America) ibid.
71,143. Lost in the mountains of Peru is the legendary city of gold: El Dorado. Built from the wealth of the Inca Empire it’s the treasure trove the Spanish never found. But does it really exist? (El Dorado & Inca & South America) Mystery Investigator: Olly Steeds: Lost City of Gold
71,144. If Machu Picchu a massive site can remain undiscovered until the dawn of the twentieth century, then why not a city of gold hidden somewhere in the Andes? (El Dorado & Inca & South America) ibid.
89,115. The doctrine that was taught was that if you wanted information, you used physical abuse, you use false imprisonment, you use threats to family members, you use virtually any method necessary to get what you want ... Torture and killing. Killing! (South America & Empire US) Major Joseph Blair, Instructor at School of the Americas 1986-1889
89,117. Nothing thrills more than new discoveries of ancient civilisations. For over a century now Peru has given us treasure after treasure. It’s a vast country of extremes, from tropical rainforest to the dry deserts of the Atacama. In one of the remote northern regions lies the most mysterious kingdom in Peru. (South America & Peru) Dr Jago Cooper, Lost Kingdoms of South America I: People of the Clouds
89,118. The remnants of Chachapoya culture are among the most stunning and least understood in South America. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,119. The first Chachapoya had rafts and canoes. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,120. They could trade with the peoples downstream in the Amazon basin. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,121. The mountains might appear to be a massive obstacle to the Chachapoya. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,122. Their beautiful textiles. (South America & Peru & Textiles) ibid.
89,123. A great source of pride in Peru. And they are also a reminder that the cultures of South America thrived long long before Europeans appeared on the horizon. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,124. High in the Bolivian Andes stand the awe-inspiring ruins of a massive temple city. This is Tiwanaku which is the Stone at the Centre of the World. (South America & Bolivia) Dr Jago Cooper, Lost Kingdoms of South America II: The Stone at the Centre
89,125. A civilisation that lasted over five hundred years. (South America & Bolivia) ibid.
89,126. A civilisation grew that eventually numbered a million people. (South America & Bolivia) ibid.
89,127. Beer drinking was an integral part of Tiwanaku’s festivals. (South America & Bolivia & Beer) ibid.
89,128. South America is the perfect place to keep secrets ... Columbia, the land of El Dorado. (South America & Columbia & El Dorado) Dr Jago Cooper, Lost Kingdoms of South America III: Lands of Gold
89,129. Exquisite gold artefacts, infused with intriguing meaning, which drove European invaders into their remote lands. (South America & Columbia & El Dorado) ibid.
89,130. One of those cultures – the Tairona – established themselves in the mountains of the Caribbean cost; another, the Muisca, settled five hundred miles to the south. (South America & Columbia & El Dorado) ibid.
89,131. A city of gold somewhere in the mountains: the legend of El Dorado was born, and in the years that followed, waves of treasure seekers descended on South America in search of the fabled land. (South America & Columbia & El Dorado) ibid.
89,132. The salt trail led the Spanish directly to the Muisca. (South America & Columbia & El Dorado & Salt) ibid.
89,133. On the north coast of Peru, between the Pacific ocean and the Andes, is a vast desert. For over four hundred and fifty years this was home to a kingdom whose rise and fall is one of the greatest untold stories of the Americas. At its heart was a city - Chan Chan. (South America & Peru) Dr Jago Cooper Lost Kingdom of South America IV: Kingdom of the Desert
89,134. They began building the city in the tenth century. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,135. For the Chimu hierarchy was seen as pre-ordained. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,136. Before the Chimu were the Moche. (South America & Peru) ibid.
89,137. Irrigation canals were carved into the earth ... Importing the soil was only the start of the people's ingenuity. (South America & Peru) ibid.
57,956. In 1992 a German forensic team made an extraordinary discovery: inside seven three-thousand year-old Egyptian mummies they found evidence of what appeared to be a drug not present in Egypt until the late nineteenth century - cocaine. A shocking hoax or is the impossible true? (Egypt & South America & Cocaine) Weird or What? Cocaine Mummies
57,957. Did the cultures interact? Could the Egyptians have travelled to Peru? (Egypt & South America & Cocaine) ibid.
57,958. There is no trace of the ancient Egyptians in South America at that time. (Egypt & South America & Cocaine) ibid.
57,959. By the late 1800s cocaine was introduced into Europe commonly used as a medicine. Was it possible these mummies somehow became contaminated? ... Brief contact couldn’t produce the same results ... so the mystery lives on. (Egypt & South America & Cocaine) ibid.
61,976. The Mayas and Incas of South America believe a race of Giants existed on earth before the great flood. So did many other civilisations. Some took them for gods, others left likenesses of them in stone or wrote about them in their histories. (Nephilim & Giants & South America & Gods) Evidence for Giants, Discovery Channel