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Romans & Ancient Rome (I): see Rome & Romans (II) & Roman Empire & Rome & Italy & Europe & Pompeii & Archaeology & Road & War & Conquest & Carthage & Greeks & Mediterranean

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32,445.  I was born free as Caesar; so were you:

We both have fed as well, as we can both

Endure the winter’s cold as well as he.  (King & Romans & Monarchy)  William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar I ii 97

 

32,446.  Ye gods, it doth amaze me.

A man of such a feeble temper should

So get the start of the majestic world,

As bear the palm along.  (King & Romans & Monarchy)  ibid.  I ii 128

 

32,447.  Why, man, he doth bestride the narrow world

Like a Colossus; and we petty men

Walk under his huge legs, and peep about

To find ourselves dishonourable graves.

Men at such times are masters of their own fates:

The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars,

But in ourselves, that we are underlings.  (King & Romans & Monarchy)  ibid. I ii 134

 

32,448.  When could they say, till now, that talked of Rome,

That her wide walls encompassed but one man?

Now is it Rome indeed and room enough,

When there is in it but one only man.  (King & Romans & Monarchy)  ibid.  I ii 153

 

27,556.  Let us be sacrificers, but not butchers, Caius,

We all stand up against the spirit of Caesar,

And in the spirit of men there is no blood ...

Let’s carve him as a dish fit for the gods,

Not hew him as a carcass fit for hounds.  (Assassinations & Romans & Sacrifice)  ibid. II i 166-168 & 173-174

 

32,499.  When beggars die, there are no comets seen;

The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of princes.  (King & Prince & Romans & Monarchy)  ibid.  II ii 30

 

32,449.  O mighty Caesar!  dost thou lie so low?

Are all thy conquests, glories, triumphs, spoils,

Shrunk to this little measure?  (King & Romans & Monarchy)  ibid.  III i 148

 

32,450.  Live a thousand years,

I shall not find myself so apt to die:

No place will please me so, no mean of death,

As here by Caesar, and by you cut off,

The choice and master spirits of this age.  (King & Romans & Monarchy)  ibid.  III i 159

 

32,451.  O!  pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,

That I am meek and gentle with these butchers;

Thou art the ruins of the noblest man

That ever lived in the tide of times.  (King & Romans & Monarchy)  ibid.  III i 254

 

32,452.  But yesterday the word of Caesar might

Have stood against the world: now lies he there.

And none so poor to do him reverence.  ibid.  III ii 124

 

32,453.  He hath left you all his walks,

His private arbours, and new-planted orchards,

On this side Tiber; he hath left them you,

And to your heirs for ever; common pleasures,

To walk abroad, and recreate yourselves.  ibid.  III ii 252

 

32,454.  Here was a Caesar! when comes such another?  ibid.  III ii 257 

 

32,455.  Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself

Are much condemned to have an itching palm.  ibid.  IV iii 7

 

32,456.  This was the noblest Roman of them all;

All the conspirators save only he

Did that they did in envy of great Caesar;

He only in a general honest thought

And common good to all, made one of them.

His life was gentle, and the elements

So mixed in him that Nature might stand up

And say to all the world, ‘This was a man!’  ibid.  V v 68

 

 

59,562.  In the most high and palmy state of Rome,

A little ere the mightiest Julius fell,

The graves stood tenantless and the sheeted dead

Did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets.  William Shakespeare, Hamlet I i 113

 

 

59,563.  Let Rome in Tiber melt, and the wide arch

Of the ranged empire fall.  Here is my space.

Kingdoms are clay.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  William Shakespeare, Anthony & Cleopatra I i 33

 

59,564.  What’s brave, what’s noble,

Let’s do it after the high Roman fashion,

And make death proud to take us.  ibid.  IV xiii 86

 

59,565.  My desolation does begin to make

A better life.  ’Tis paltry to be Cesar;

Not being Fortune, he’s but Fortune’s knave,

A minister of her will.  ibid.  V ii 1

 

 

4,328.  The imperial capital: Rome.  The largest city on Earth.  Population 1,000,000.  (Humanity & Romans)  Mankind: The Story of All of Us III, History Channel 2012

 

4,329.  The State provides hand-outs to the poor.  (Humanity & Romans & Poor)  ibid.

 

4,330.  The aqueduct is powered by gravity: it needs to drop one foot in every three hundred.  (Humanity & Romans & Engineering)  ibid.

 

4,331.  Rome’s aqueducts will deliver almost a billion litres of water a day.  (Humanity & Romans & Engineering)  ibid.

 

4,332.  Rome is the most advanced city in the world.  Apartment blocks up to six stories high.  (Humanity & Romans & City)  ibid.

 

4,333.  A police force, a fire brigade and a postal service.  (Humanity & Romans)  ibid.

 

 

4,794.  Rome was found on an ideal of masculinity.  (Woman & Romans)  Professor Bettany Hughes, Divine Women I: When God Was A Girl, BBC 2012

 

 

4,800.  Rome also permitted the influence of women in the religious sphere.  (Woman & Romans & Religion)  Professor Bettany Hughes, Divine Women II: Handmaids of the Gods, BBC 2012

 

 

4,804.  Theodora was born in 6th century A.D. in the great city of Constantinople.  (Woman & Romans)  Professor Bettany Hughes, Divine Women III: War of the Word

 

 

112,513.  Ancient Rome: one of the greatest superpowers in history whose far-reaching legacy continues to shape our lives.  For close on a thousand years the Romans dominated the known world: theirs was an extraordinary empire.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  Bettany Hughes, The Eight Days that Made Rome e1: Hannibal’s Last Stand Channel 5 2017

 

112,514.  A day when a Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio went head to head with the legendary Hannibal and the mighty empire of Carthage in a battle that would determine whether Rome really had the muscle to rule the ancient world.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid. 

 

112,515.  The Romans fetishised violence and aggression and ambition.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid.

 

112,516.  This was a vast protection racket in all but name.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid.

 

112,517.  You were either with them or against them.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid.

 

112,518.  Hannibal himself escaped the slaughter, riding straight for Carthage, a city he’d not seen for thirty-six years.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid.

 

112,519.  Razed Carthage to the ground.  (Romans & Roman Empire)   ibid.

 

 

112,520.  Also ruled through violence and oppression.   Rome’s rise to greatness was inevitable.  (Romans & Roman Empire & Slavery)  Bettany Hughes, The Eight Days that Made Rome e2: The Spartacus Revolt

 

112,521.  This is the day in the summer of 73 B.C. when a band of slaves and took on the might of Rome.  They were led by one of the most legendary names in history: Spartacus.  (Romans & Roman Empire & Slavery)  ibid.  

 

112,522.  They knew that slaves were potential insurgents, and one day in 73 B.C. their worst fears were realised.  (Romans & Roman Empire & Slavery)  ibid.  

 

112,523.  A group of highly trained specialist slaves …. a full-blown slave revolt.  (Romans & Roman Empire & Slavery)  ibid.  

 

112,524.  The protest and the idea of freedom is contagious.  (Romans & Roman Empire & Slavery)  ibid.  

 

112,525.  Two thirds of the slave army was slaughtered.  (Romans & Roman Empire & Slavery)  ibid.  

 

 

112,752.  Assemblies and elections were open to ordinary citizens, but the powerful Senate was dominated by a few elite families.  As a republic Rome had gone from strength to strength.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  Bettany Hughes, The Eight Days that Made Rome e3: Crossing the Rubicon

 

112,753.  Caesar v Germanic tribes: what followed was one of the most vicious mass killings in history.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid.

 

112,754.  Caesar had absolutely no intention of giving up the source of his power.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid.  

 

112,755.  An epic showdown loomed.  (Romans & Roman Empire)  ibid.

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