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87,242. The woods and the darkness and the howling wind! Will the snows never cease? We seem to reach back for ever. The Young Ones, Russian couple next door, BBC
87,244. For a start we’ll do away with the three-year waiting list for a kipper tie. And I’ll legalise hoola-hoops. Spitting Image s2e6, Gorbachev’s party
43,361. Let’s bomb Russia! ... Let’s kick Michael Foot’s stick away! (Comedy & Conservatives & Bomb & Russia) Kenny Everett, Conservative Party rally
87,396. Freddie experienced the sort of abysmal soul-sadness which afflicts one of Tolstoy’s Russian peasants when, after putting in a heavy day’s work strangling his father, beating his wife, and dropping the baby into the city’s reservoir, he turns to the cupboards, only to find the vodka bottle empty. P G Wodehouse, The Best of Wodehouse: An Anthology
87,239. Russia can be an empire or a democracy but it cannot be both. Zbigniew Brzezinski
87,247. The course of Russian history has indeed been greatly affected by the operations of international bankers ... The Soviet government has been given United States’ treasury funds by the Federal Reserve Board ... acting through the Chase Bank. Louis McFadden
87,240. Miles of cornfield, and ballet in the evening. Alan Hackney, Private Life, 1958
87,397. But Sasha was from Russia, where the sunsets are longer, the dawns less sudden and sentences are often left unfinished from doubt as how to best end them. Virginia Woolf, Orlando
87,241. God of frostbite, God of famine,
beggars, cripples by the yard,
farms with no crops to examine –
that’s him, that’s your Russian God. Peter Vyazemsky, The Russian God 1828
87,386. I did more for the Russian serf in giving him land as well as personal liberty, than America did for the negro slave set free by the proclamation of President Lincoln. I am at a loss to understand how you Americans could have been so blind as to leave the Negro slave without tools to work out his salvation. In giving him personal liberty, you have him an obligation to perform to the state which he must be unable to fulfill. Without property of any kind he cannot educate himself and his children. I believe the time must come when many will question the manner of American emancipation of the negro slaves in 1863. The vote, in the hands of an ignorant man, without either property or self-respect, will be used to the damage of the people at large; for the rich man, without honor or any kind of patriotism, will purchase it, and with it swamp the rights of a free people. (Russia & Slavery & Romanov Dynasty) Alexander II, emperor of Russia, interview Wharton Barker, Pavlovski Palace 17th August 1879, cited Barker’s ‘The Secret of Russia’s Friendship’
80,296. Napoleon now initiated the single largest military operation in history to date – the invasion of Russia. (France & Russia) Andrew Roberts, Napoleon III
80,299. The campaign had seen a catalogue of mistakes ... 95% had either died or been captured. (France & Russia) ibid.
87,263. Russia has two generals in whom she can confide – Generals Janvier [January] and Fevrier [February]. (Russia & Monarchy) Tsar Nicholas I
87,264. A few days ago I received a peasant from the Tobolsk province. He made a remarkably strong impression on Her Majesty and me. (Russia & Monarchy & Romanov Dynasty) Tsar Nicholas II
87,217. The Imperial family was suddenly slaughtered in this room. The new Soviet government had decided they were too dangerous to be left alive. (Russia & Monarchy & Romanov Dynasty & Assassinations: Romanovs) Great Crimes & Trials: The Massacre of the Tsar and the Royal Family
84,307. The autocracy of the Tsars was strongly upheld by the Russian Orthodox Church which was controlled by a government department. (Russia & Orthodox Church & Monarchy & Romanov Dynasty & Assassinations: Romanovs) ibid.
87,218. The Tsar’s divorce from reality was made worse by the arrival at court of an illiterate holy man, Rasputin. He was a drunkard with a scandalous sex life. But the Tsarina became convinced that he could help control Alexander’s haemophilia. And he was soon her trusted adviser and closely involved with the family. (Russia & Monarchy & Romanov Dynasty & Assassinations: Romanovs) ibid.
36,187. This world conspiracy has been steadily growing. This conspiracy played a definite recognizable role in the tragedy of the French revolution. It has been the mainspring of every subversive movement during the 19th century. And now at last this band of extraordinary personalities from the underworld of the great cities of Europe and America have gripped the Russian people by the hair of their head and have become the undisputed masters of that enormous empire. (Illuminati & Churchill & Russia) Winston Churchill, to London press 1922
87,255. I cannot forecast to you the action of Russia. It is a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma. Winston Churchill
49,672. The illegitimate child of Karl Marx and Catherine the Great. (Communism & Russia) Clement Attlee, re Russian communism
87,245. The revolution has begun! What happiness. The cursed autocracy is finally destroyed. The soldiers have gone on to the streets. The officers are hiding. It’s all so unexpected, and everything is going at a gallop. We’ve all gone mad with joy. (Russia & Revolution) Yelena Brutsus, Petrograd housewife
87,225. Citizen Romanov. Eighteen months of exile and house arrest. (Russia & Monarchy & Romanov Dynasty & Assassinations: Romanovs) Days That Shook the World: Romanov Dynasty & Berlin Wall
87,226. The Tsar had fallen. (Russia & Romanov Dynasty & Assassinations: Romanovs) ibid.
87,227. His cousin George refuses to help. (Russia & Romanov Dynasty & Assassinations: Romanovs) ibid.
45,238. The secret of politics? Make a good treaty with Russia. (Politics & Russia) Otto von Bismark 1863
87,243. The Russian Revolution was financed by Wall Street. (Russia & Revolution) Bill Kaysing
87,256. In February 1917, the Russian workers and peasants rose again in another, even more furious revolution. The First World War had inflicted on them greater suffering than anywhere else in Europe. There seemed no end to the war, nor to the ruthless class policies of the Tsar and his advisers. In a trice, the February revolution overthrew forever the Tsarist tyranny. It was replaced by a provisional government which promised a parliament and continued the war. At the same time, workers, soldiers and peasants set up soviets on a far greater scale than in 1905.
In the ensuing tumultuous nine months, the two forms of power – the old state and the new soviets – operated side by side.
The provisional government, under its prime minister, Kerensky, staggered aimlessly under the huge burden of the war, which it was determined to continue. Kerensky was forced again and again into the policies which had been carried out by the Tsar. Quickly, the popularity of the provisional government started to disappear. The people, both in the cities and in the countryside, clamoured for more. This clamour was not often heard by the government. The anger and aspirations of the people, and especially of the working class, expressed itself in the political organisations which more closely represented them: the soviets.
When the soviets were first elected in February, they were dominated by the Social Revolutionaries, whose strength was in the countryside among the peasants, and the Menshevik wing of the Social Democratic Party. The Mensheviks argued that the job of the soviets was to advise and pressurise the provisional government, not to replace it. They treated the soviets as sounding boards, glorified trade unions where people could express their opinions and pass them on to the real power: the provisional government. (Russia & Revolution) Paul Foot, The Case for Socialism ch2
49,479. The Russian revolution was isolated. The working class which had made the revolution was almost entirely wiped out by war and famine. Of the three million adult workers in Russia, only 1.2 million remained in 1921, and many of those were driven out of the cities in search of food. Effectively the only revolutionary workers who were left were those who had taken over the reins of political power. The Bolsheviks still ruled, but there were no Bolshevik workers to maintain ‘control from below’ – the essence of the revolution. The inevitable happened quite quickly. The revolution perished. (Revolution & Russia & Soviet Union) ibid.