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85,712. The disappearance of the two sons of Edward IV, successors to his throne, is the most infamous unsolved mystery in British royal history. Since his death, King Richard III has been accused of their murders and vilified by the monarchs who succeeded him. Even William Shakespeare immortalises Richard as a deformed usurper seizing the Crown of England amidst an ocean of blood included that of his nephews. But modern historians confess that this portrayal is riddled with inaccuracies. (Edward IV & Richard III & England & Assassination) Mystery Files: Princes in the Tower
85,713. Published accounts accusing Richard don’t start to appear until about fifty years after his death. Sir Thomas More, a statesman and lawyer, formulates the charge in his book History of King Richard III. (Richard III & England & Assassination) ibid.
85,715. Once Richard has taken the throne, in a strictly legal sense the Princes in the Tower are no longer a threat to him, because as bastards they have become irrelevant to the succession. (Richard III & Edward IV & England & Assassination) Dr Michael K Jones, author Bosworth 1485 Psychology of a Battle
86,777. The caricature of this evil hunchback, this dark bent character who willingly wants these young boys dead, I think that is so far from the truth. Dr Janina Ramirez
112,825. He was crowned King Richard III at Westminster on July 6th with the full blessing of parliament … opposition to Richard was growing. (Monarchy & England & Richard III) Monarchy by David Starkey s2e1: The Crown Imperial, Channel 4 2005
86,778. 1483: He behaves with total impeccable conventional loyalty. Dr David Starkey
86,779. The persistent charge that is made against him is one of duplicity. Dr David Starkey
30,584. Henry had deposed Richard and installed himself as king ... Plantagenet turned against Plantagenet. (England & Henry IV & Richard III) Professor Robert Bartlett, The Plantagenets III
30,606. 1485: Yorkist King Richard III had been on the throne for two years. But the fragile peace is about to be shattered. Our history is about to change forever. (England & Richard III) Thomas Penn, Henry VII: Winter King, BBC 2013
31,941. One of the most disgusting double murders at the hands of British royalty befell the young princes Edward and Richard who were imprisoned and eventually stabbed to death by order of King Richard III in 1483. (Royal Family & Monarchy & Richard III) Chris Everard, Illuminati III
86,780. More than five hundred years ago two princes vanished. The summer of 1483 the heir to the throne Edward and his younger brother Richard Duke of York were spotted playing outside the Tower of London. They were never seen again. It’s the greatest murder mystery in British history. (Richard III & Assassination) Richard III: The Princes in the Tower, BBC 2015
86,781. He seized the throne from Edward and made himself Richard III. But was Richard guilty? No smoking gun has been found. (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,782. The first man to comprehensively pin on the murders on Richard was the Tutor historian Thomas More. (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,783. More and Shakespeare portrayed Richard as a ruthless, power hungry villain. But critics of Thomas More believe he created a deliberately distorted caricature. (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,784. Prince Edward was the focus of a deadly power struggle. (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,785. Buckingham is a convincing alternative suspect. (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,786. Three great power blocks: Richard, the Woodvilles, and Hastings eyed each other nervously. (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,787. Hastings was executed without trial just like Thomas More said. (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,788. What if the princes weren’t murdered at all? (Richard III & Assassination) ibid.
86,789. When it comes to matters in which he had some control, such as legislation brought before Parliament, his record has been recognized over the centuries as significant and enlightened. By contrast with kings before and after him, he indulged in no financial extortion, no religious persecution, no violation of sanctuary, no burning at the stake, no killing of women, no torture or starvation and no cynical breach of promise, pardon or safe-conduct in order to entrap a subject. Anne Carson, Richard III: The Maligned King 2009
86,790. Richard’s Parliament ... passed considerable sound and beneficial legislation. One such act freed juries from intimidation and tampering. Another protected buyers of land from secret defects in title. Still another made bail available to persons accused of crimes ... For the first time, Parliament's acts were published in English, so they could be understood by at least that part of the population that was literate, rather than being confined to churchmen, educated nobles and the few others who could read Latin. Bertram Fields, Royal Blood 1998
86,791. Richard’s selfishness denotes both exceptional egotism and individualism. Whereas other magnates thought in the long-term, seeking to maintain the family estates and to foster the interests of future generations of their dynasty, Richard gave priority to his own good, his immediate political needs and the eventual salvation of his soul. He was concerned only secondarily with the long-term interests of his heirs, whom he disinherited by his alienations in mortmain and otherwise. If Richard’s career as Duke of Gloucester fails to make sense, it is because his aims were different from those of other magnates. Both as duke and king, Richard appreciated that heirs strengthened his own position by giving permanence to his tenure, but he did not acknowledge any obligation to give priority to their interests over his own. One wonders whether his sentimental attachments to the houses of York and Neville were sincere or were merely further expressions of Richard’s self-interest. Certainly his seizure of the crown sacrificed the interests of his wider kindred to himself and led ultimately to the destruction of the royal house to which they all belonged. Michael A Hicks, Richard III as Duke of Gloucester 1986
96,113. Throughout the period, [Thomas] More was well aware of human frailty; he was engaged on the ‘history’ of Richard III, the usurper of evil countenance through whose brief reign More himself had lived. It is a ‘history’ in the loosest possible sense, even by the historiographical standards of the early sixteenth century, and has variously been described as drama, biography or propaganda. Peter Ackroyd, The Life of Thomas More p153
98,306. July 6th 1483 and Westminster Abbey was packed tight for the coronation of one of England’s most controversial kings – Richard III … The Wars of the Roses when the rivalry between two great dynasties tore the nobility apart. (England & Richard III & Henry VI) Philippa Gregory, The Real White Queen and Her Rivals I, BBC 2016
98,307. As the daughter of the most powerful noble in the realm Anne was destined for greatness from birth … Margaret Beaufort – the second most important woman in the country … Elizabeth was the commoner queen – an English beauty who had enchanted a king. This is my chronicle of these three women. (England & Richard III & Henry VI) ibid.
98,308. Margaret Beaufort was an heiress to valuable lands … Margaret and all her possessions were transferred to Henry Tudor … (England & Richard III & Henry VI) ibid.
98,309. But the enchanted Edward was sure of his choice, and Elizabeth’s transformation was complete. (England & Richard III & Henry VI) ibid.
98,310. Edward IV was forced to abandon his throne and the Yorkist cause and flee England. The Lancastrian king Henry VI was restored in his place. With her husband on the run, Elizabeth Woodville, the former queen of England, was now in grave danger. (England & Richard III & Henry VI) ibid.
98,361. 1471: a new England is being forged in the fire of civil war. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Assassination) Philippa Gregory, The Real White Queen and Her Rivals II
98,362. They are the founders of our nation just as much as their more-famous men. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98,363. ‘She [Margaret] plays the game of divided loyalties very effectively: she’s protected by her Yorkish husbands and is at the same time covertly working for her Lancastrian son. But King Edward’s victory was a disaster for her. Forcing her son Henry Tudor to flee into exile in France.’ (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid. Lisa Hilton
98,364. The York dynasty had an extraordinary capacity for self- destruction. And its downfall would begin with Anne Neville. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98,365. It looks as though Elizabeth had no option but to release her child into the hands of her enemies … I think she handed over a servant boy muffled up in a scarf. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98,347. The two boys in the tower were never seen again. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98,348. July 6th 1483 in Westminster Abbey Richard had himself crowned king of England. At his side his wife Anne. Queen at last. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assasination) ibid.
98,349. They were all using each other. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98.350. If Richard didn’t kill them, then who did? The other person with a clear motive was Elizabeth Beaufort. (England & Richard III & Rdward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98,351. The rumours were truly scandalous: that Richard was courting his niece the princess under the very nose of his wife. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98,352. Elizabeth Woodville gave her daughter in marriage to the family that may have killed her sons. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.
98,353. It was Margaret Beaufort who shaped the Tudor dynasty. (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Princes in the Tower & Scandal & Assassination) ibid.