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Richard I & Richard the First
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★ Richard I & Richard the First

Richard I & Richard the First: see Henry II & John & England & Crusades & Knights Templar & Jerusalem & Islam

Thomas Asbridge TV - Simon Schama TV - Robert Bartlett TV - Richard the Lionheart: Warriors TV - The Templar Code TV - Decoding the Past TV - Mystery Files: Saladin TV - William Stubbs - David Starkey TV -

 

 

60,586.  In July 1192 Richard the Lionheart, king of England, valiant crusader knight, stood with his Holy Warriors preparing for a strike on Jerusalem.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Muslim)  Thomas Asbridge, The Crusades: The Clash of Titans 2/3, BBC 2012

 

60,587.  Jihad literally means struggle, but in the Middle Ages this could represent a fight against internal impurity or a sacred physical struggle – a Holy War, and its message could be spread by poetry.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Muslim)  ibid.

 

60,588.  Saladin was quickly becoming the premier Muslim leader in the East ... He united the disparate Muslim factions into a coherent army.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Muslim)  ibid.

 

60,589.  The Christian army marching in the height of summer was being led into a waterless killing zone.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Muslim)  ibid.

 

60,590.  Jerusalem was back in Muslim hands.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I)  ibid.

 

60,591.  In June 1191 Richard the Lionheart sailed down the coast of Palestine.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I)  ibid.

 

60,592.  The Third Crusade had achieved a categorical victory.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I)  ibid.

 

60,593.  During Richard’s long absence from home his brother John had been plotting to take control of England.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I)  ibid.

 

60,594.  Against his better judgment the Lionheart began a second advance having effectively lost control of his Crusade.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I)  ibid.

 

60,595.  The Lionheart failed to learn the third Crusade to victory.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I)  ibid.

 

 

60,596.  Two centuries of religious war.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Christianity)   Dr Thomas Asbridge, The Crusades: Victory & Defeat

 

60,597.  These Christian outposts were ruled by bickering warlords.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Christianity)  ibid.

 

60,598.  The power and wealth of the Hospitallers.  This is a monument to rival anything in the Middle Ages ... Like their Templar brethren, they embraced the Crusading ideal.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Christianity)  ibid.

 

60,599.  Commercial contacts between East and West blossomed.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Christianity)  ibid.

 

60,600.  Louis was determined to bring Jerusalem back into the Christian fold.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Christianity)  ibid.

 

60,601.  Louis IX was the perfect Crusader king.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Christianity)  ibid.

 

60,602.  The Mongols and the Mamluks are the big players.  (Crusade & Islam & Jerusalem & Middle Ages & England & Richard I & Christianity)  ibid.

 

 

30,285.  In 1189 Richard declared war on his father.  This time Henry faced defeat.  (Great Britain & Henry II & Richard I)  Simon Schama, A History of Britain: Dynasty

 

 

30,570.  The Plantagenets’ future now lay in the hands of Richard, a dynamic and bloodthirsty warrior.  (England & Richard I)  Professor Robert Bartlett, The Plantagenets I, BBC 2014

 

 

60,555.  Almost one thousand years ago Richard I King of England set out to war.  Not for power or wealth but for God.  This was a new kind of war.  One that still casts its shadow today.  For it would pit Crusader against Jihadi.  East against West.  (Crusades & Christianity & Jerusalem & Richard I & Islam & Muslim)  Richard the Lionheart: Warriors

 

60,556.  Saladin’s scorched earth tactics began to work like a cancer in the Crusader army, spreading dissention.  Richard, as the only king among the commanders, led the crusade in battle.  But he was not in political control.  Important political decisions were taken by the Council of War, a body made up of all the different factions.  (Crusades & Christianity & Jerusalem & Richard I & Islam & Muslim)  ibid.

 

60,557.  The retreat from Jerusalem was a humiliation for Richard.  During the next six months he tried everything to make amends, moving down towards Egypt and attacking Saladin’s supply routes.  But without the French he never had enough men to strike a decisive blow.  (Crusades & Christianity & Jerusalem & Richard I & Islam & Muslim)  ibid.

 

 

60,542.  The Templar Army began its gruesome desert march towards Tiberius without water or shelter.  Weak and disorientated.  That evening was when Saladin’s forces closed in to surround them.  In the attack that followed ... it was the worst single military disaster in the Holy Land.  The surviving Christian knights were sold into slavery.  (Crusades & Jerusalem & Christianity & Islam & Muslim & Knights Templar & Richard I & Turk)  The Templar Code

 

60,543.  Saladin took the city a few months later.  The Christians fought back under Richard the Lionheart, retaking the city in 1229.  But held it only briefly.  In 1244 the Turks recaptured Jerusalem, effectively bringing an end to Christian rule. (Crusades & Jerusalem & Christianity & Islam & Muslim & Knights Templar & Richard I & Turk)  ibid.

 

 

60,541.  Richard’s early encounter with Saladin’s forces resulted in decisive victories for the Christians.  But taking Jerusalem proved much more difficult.  Saladin’s armies were strong, and the open ground around the walled city made it difficult to mount an effective attack.  The Muslims and the Christians were at a stalemate.  On the 2nd September 1892 both sides agreed to a truce.  (Crusades & Jerusalem & Richard I & Muslim & Islam & Christianity)  Decoding the Past: The Koran

 

 

60,569.  Hearing of Richard’s sickness he sends gifts of fruit and water.  (Crusades & Richard I)  Mystery Files: Saladin

 

 

86,776.  He was a bad king: his great exploits, his military skill, his splendour and extravagance, his poetical tastes, his adventurous spirit, do not serve to cloak his entire want of sympathy, or even consideration, for his people.  He was no Englishman, but it does not follow that he gave to Normandy, Anjou, or Aquitaine the love or care that he denied to his kingdom.  His ambition was that of a mere warrior: he would fight for anything whatever, but he would sell everything that was worth fighting for.  The glory that he sought was that of victory rather than conquest.  William Stubbs, The Constitutional History of England

 

 

112,781.  Richard ruled the family empire for almost ten years until he was mortally wounded in a seige here in France.  But during all that time Richard spent only six months in England.  (Monarchy & England & Richard)  Monarchy by David Starkey s1e4: Dynasty