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Labor & Labour
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  Labor & Labour  ·  Labour Party (GB)  ·  Ladder  ·  Lake & Lake Monsters  ·  Lamb  ·  Land  ·  Language  ·  Laos  ·  Las Vegas  ·  Lass  ·  Last Words  ·  Latin  ·  Laugh & Laughter  ·  Law & Lawyer (I)  ·  Law & Lawyer (II)  ·  Laws of Science  ·  Lazy & Laziness  ·  Leader & Leadership  ·  Learn & Learning  ·  Lebanon  ·  Lecture & Lecturer  ·  Left Wing  ·  Leg  ·  Leisure  ·  Lend & Lending  ·  Leprosy  ·  Lesbian  ·  Letter  ·  Ley Lines  ·  Libel  ·  Liberal & Liberalism & Neo-Liberalism  ·  Liberia & Liberians  ·  Liberty  ·  Library  ·  Libya & Libyans  ·  Lies & Liar & Lying  ·  Life & Search For Life (I)  ·  Life & Search For Life (II)  ·  Life After Death  ·  Life's Like That (I)  ·  Life's Like That (II)  ·  Light  ·  Lightning  ·  Like  ·  Limerick  ·  Limit & Limits  ·  Lincoln, Abraham  ·  Linen  ·  Lion  ·  Listen & Listener  ·  Literature  ·  Little  ·  Liverpool  ·  Loan  ·  Local & Civil Government  ·  Loch Ness Monster  ·  Lockerbie Bombing  ·  Logic  ·  London (I)  ·  London (II)  ·  Lonely & Loneliness  ·  Look  ·  Lord  ·  Los Angeles  ·  Lose & Loss  ·  Lot (Bible)  ·  Lottery  ·  Louisiana  ·  Love & Lover  ·  Loyal & Loyalty  ·  LSD & Acid  ·  Lucifer  ·  Luck & Lucky  ·  Luke (Bible)  ·  Lunacy & Lunatic  ·  Lunar Society  ·  Lunch  ·  Lungs  ·  Lust  ·  Luxury  

★ Labor & Labour

109,461.  Union organisers were blacklisted and beaten.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Coal & Mining)  ibid.

 

109,462.  The West Virginian mine wars were part of a broader conflict between the forces of labour and the forces of capital.  A struggle that claimed the lives of thousands of American workers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; thousands more were beaten, maimed, imprisoned, tortured and sent to early graves due to poor working conditions and dismal safety standards.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Coal & Mining)  ibid.

 

109,463.  ‘In all civilised countries the people fall into different classes having a real of supposed difference of interests … There will be particularly the distinction between rich and poor.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.  James Madison

 

109,464.  The ability of the wealthy to buy their way out of military services caused rage among the poor.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Wealth)  ibid.

 

109,465.  Irish immigrants were mocked for their accents, their religion and their overall impoverishment.  They were also amongst the first ethnic groups in the United States to form labour unions.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,466.  ‘You are made to hate each other because upon that hatred is rested the keystone of the arch of financial despotism which enslaves you both.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Hate)  ibid.  Tom Watson, populist leader

 

109,467.  Jim Crow laws enforced segregation and curtailed African-American voting rights.  During the same time period poor white voters were also disenfranchised.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,468.  In California a genocidal campaign had reduced the indigenous population from 150,000 in 1846 to 30,000 by 1870.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & California & Genocide & Native Americans)  ibid.

 

109,469.  The robber barons took every opportunity to bribe politicians and crush their competitors.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Wealth)  ibid.

 

109,470.  Congress became known as the Millionaires Club.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Congress & Wealth)  ibid.

 

109,471.  By 1900 something like 20% of all American workers were under the age of 18.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,472.  Police were also used to discipline the working class.  In Tompkins Square New York 1874 7,000 workers protested unemployment only to be savagely attacked by police.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Police)  ibid.

 

109,473.  A spirited labour press emerged in all of the major cities.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,474.  Unions around the country were becoming increasingly militant.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,475.  ‘Anarchy is on trial … Make examples of them, hang them … save our institutions, our society.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  Julius S Grinnell, prosecutor of anarchists

 

109,476.  One in eleven steelworkers died while on the job, often from a lack of sleep.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Steel)  ibid.

 

109,477.  When Chinese railroad workers went on strike in 1867 demanding higher wages, shorter working hours, a ban on whipping, and the right to quit their jobs, almost no-one came to their aid.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Railways)  ibid.

 

109,478.  The New Orleans strike was emblematic of a growing spirit of solidarity between workers.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.  

 

 

109,481.  ‘My friends, it is solidarity of labor we want … We must be together; our masters are joined together and we must do the same thing.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  Plutocracy II: Solidarity Forever, 2016, Mother Jones 

 

109,482.  In the late 19th century a brutal class-war was underway in the United States.  And as in all wars the poor suffered the majority of casualties.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,483.  American industry had the highest job accident rate of any country in the industrialised world.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Accident)  ibid.

 

109,484.  Presiding over society was a small group of industrialists and bankers nicknamed the Robber Barons.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Wealth)  ibid.

 

109,485.  The National Guard came to the Pinkertons’ rescue protecting strike-breakers and defeating the union.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Police)  ibid.

 

109,486.  Among the targets were the Molly Maguires … a secret society of Irish immigrants … during the 1870s, victims of perilous working conditions.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,487.  One of the most important labor struggles in the late 19th century was the Pullmans’ strike of 1894.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid. 

 

109,488.  Chicago 1894: 12,000 US army troops were sent in to attack their own citizens.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Chicago)  ibid.

 

109,489.  Day of Blood at Lattimer!  Lower End Mine Strike Takes a Terrible Turn … They fire on Marching Strikers with Terrible Effect … Deputies Use Rifles! … 16 killed 70 wounded.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Mines & Police)  ibid.  newspaper report  

 

109,490.  Working class prisoners were used as virtual slaves … More African/Americans died under the convict-leasing system than during slavery.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,492.  The link between wealth and voting rights sometimes caused unrest.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Wealth)  ibid.  

 

109,493.  The Women’s Movement was also plagued by the same class and racial bigotries that afflicted labour unions.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Women)  ibid.

 

109,495.  ‘I cannot think it probable that [working people] will be permanently contented with the condition of labouring for wages as their ultimate state.  To work at the bidding and for the profit of another, without any interest in the work … is, not even when wages are high, a satisfactory state for human beings.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Work)  ibid.  John Stuart Mill   

 

109,496.  ‘The IWW was openly anti-capitalist.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.  historian

 

109,497.  Migrant workers from Mexico had become a super-exploited class.   (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,498.  Most of the San Diego press cheered on the violence … The vigilantes represented the bankers and merchants.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.  

 

109,499.  ‘The insurrectional fact, destined to affirm socialist principles by deed, is the most efficacious means of propaganda … It is therefore necessary to destroy with violence, since one cannot do otherwise, the violence which denies these means to the workers.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  Erico Malatesta 1876

 

109,500.  ‘Remember that you are fighting more than your own fight.  You are fighting for the entire working class and you must stand together.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.  Big Bill Haywood, IWW leader

 

109,501.  The Lawrence Textile strike of 1912 which involved immigrants from over forty different nationalities, both men and women … Before long, police began attacking the picket lines.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Police)  ibid.  

 

 

109,544.  ‘Your violent and chaotic society always bears within it war as a sleeping cloud bears a storm.’  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & War)  Plutocracy III: Class War, 2017, Jean Jaures, French socialist leader  

 

109,545.  Massive wealth inequality remained.  Between the years 1800 and 1920 economic inequality in the United States increased more than a hundred-fold.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Inequality)  ibid.

 

109,546.  The most notorious of the battles occurred in Ludlow, Colorado, 1914 … ‘owned by the Rockefeller trust … The National Guard fired into the tents.’  The killing of their [strikers’] families caused national outrage.  Protests erupted across the country.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid. 

 

109,547.  An expression of growing working-class solidarity.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.

 

109,548.  The Socialist Party was also experiencing national growth.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Socialist)  ibid.

 

109,549.  Joe Hill had a unique weapon in his arsenal: not just speech but song.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty)  ibid.  

 

109,550.  Another important Labour Leader imprisoned under the Espionage Act was the anarchist Ricardo Flores Magon.  (Working Class & Class & Repression & United States & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  

 

 

109,762.  ‘IWW stood for Industrial Workers of the World.  Work, Good Wages & Respect – that’s what they wanted for the workers.’  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  The Wobblies, 1979, woman

 

109,763.  At the turn of the century America was changing rapidly from a basically rural society to an urban industrial one … One of the striking features of the period was the rapid growth of the enormous corporations which began to control the basic industries.  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  

 

109,764.  The working class and the employing class have nothing in common.  Between these two classes a struggle must go on until the workers of the world organize as a class, take possession of the earth and the machinery of production, and abolish the wage system.  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  preamble

 

109,765.  ‘The IWW was the only thing that was accepting Negro or black workers.’  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  black worker

 

109,766.  A year after the Lawrence Strike another strike broke out in Paterson New Jersey 1913 … They were defeated in their demands for an eight-hour day and higher wages.  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.

 

109,767.  ‘You either had to stop living or become a rebel.’  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  woman

 

109,768.  They would use the soapboxes as recruiting stations.  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.

 

109,769.  ‘Rebellious slaves – that’s what we were.’  (Working Class & Solidarity & Industrial Action & Strike & Trade Union & Labour & Poverty & Anarchy)  ibid.  old boy

 

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