34,714. The labour movement was the principal force that transformed misery and despair into hope and progress. Out of its bold struggles, economic and social reform gave birth to unemployment insurance, old-age pensions, government relief for the destitute and, above all, new wage levels that meant not mere survival but a tolerable life. The captains of industry did not lead this transformation; they resisted it until they were overcome. When in the thirties the wave of union organization crested over the nation, it carried to secure shores not only itself but the whole society. (King & Labour & Trade Union) Martin Luther King junior
49,282. Let the workers organize. Let the toilers assemble. Let their crystallized voice proclaim their injustices and demand their privileges. Let all thoughtful citizens sustain them, for the future of Labour is the future of America. (Industrial Action & Strike & Injustice & Trade Union & Protest & Dissent & Labour & Solidarity & Work & Working Class & Unity) John L Lewis
5,070. The labour movement is organized upon a principle that the strong shall help the weak. The strength of a strong man is a prideful thing, but the unfortunate thing in life is that strong men do not remain strong. And it is just as true of unions and labour organizations as it is true of men and individuals. And whereas today the craft unions of this country may be able to stand upon their own feet and like mighty oaks stand before the gale, defy the lightning, yet the day may come when those organizations will not be able to withstand the lightning and the gale. Now, prepare yourselves by making a contribution to your less fortunate brethren ... Organize the unorganized! (Trade Union & Labour) John L Lewis
5,065. The essence of trade unionism is social uplift. The labour movement has been the haven for the dispossessed, the despised, the neglected, the downtrodden, the poor. (Trade Union & Labour) A Philip Randolph
5,066. Labour is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only the fruit of labour, and could never have existed if Labour had not first existed. Labour is superior to capital, and deserves much the higher consideration. (Trade Union & Labour & Capitalism) Abraham Lincoln
5,067. The fight is never about grapes or lettuce. It is always about people. (Trade Union & Labour) Cesar Chavez
5,068. Ten thousand times has the labour movement stumbled and bruised itself. We have been enjoined by the courts, assaulted by thugs, charged by the militia, traduced by the press, frowned upon in public opinion, and deceived by politicians. But notwithstanding all this and all these, labour is today the most vital and potential power this planet has ever known, and its historic mission is as certain of ultimate realization as is the setting of the sun. (Trade Union & Labour) Eugene V Debs
5,171. I am opposing a social order in which it is possible for one man who does absolutely nothing that is useful to amass a fortune of hundreds of millions of dollars, while millions of men and women who work all the days of their lives secure barely enough for a wretched existence. (Labour & Work & Rich & Poor) Eugene Victor Debs
5,069. It is one of the characteristics of a free and democratic nation that it have free and independent labour unions. (Trade Union & Labour) Franklin D Roosevelt
5,072. The labour movement means just this: it is the last noble protest of the American people against the power of incorporated wealth. (Trade Union & Labour & Wealth) Wendell Phillips
49,340. Organize, and stand together. Claim something together, and at once; let the nation hear a united demand from the laboring voice, and then, when you have got that, go on after another; but get something. (Solidarity & Labour & Organisation & Trade Union & Solidarity) Wendell Phillips
5,073. The miners are out of work ... Their problem is much more than a mining problem – it concerns the standards of living not only for themselves but in other parts of the world. (Trade Union & Labour & Mining) Eleanor Roosevelt
5,074. In spite of oppressors, in spite of false leaders, in spite of labour’s own lack of understanding of its needs, the cause of the worker continues onward. Slowly his hours are shortened, giving him leisure to read and to think. Slowly his standard of living rises to include some of the good and beautiful things of the world. Slowly the cause of his children becomes the cause of all. His boy is taken from the breaker, his girl from the mill. Slowly those who create the wealth of the world are permitted to share it. The future is in labour’s strong, rough hands. (Trade Union & Labour & Work) Mother Jones
5,130. My friends, it is solidarity of labour we want. We do not want to find fault with each other, but to solidify our forces and say to each other: ‘We must be together; our masters are joined together and we must do the same thing.’ (Trade Union & Labor & Solidarity & Unity) Mother Jones
5,146. Pray for the dead and fight like hell for the living! (Labour & Fight & Trade Union & Death & Prayer & Solidarity & Fight) Mother Jones 1830-1930, The Autobiography of Mother Jones 1925
5,079. The American Labour Movement has consistently demonstrated its devotion to the public interest. It is, and has been, good for all America. (Trade Union & Labour) John F Kennedy
5,080. To remember the loneliness, the fear and the insecurity of men who once had to walk alone in huge factories, beside huge machines – to realize that labour unions have meant new dignity and pride to millions of our countrymen – human companionship on the job, and music in the home – to be able to see what larger pay checks mean, not to a man as an employee, but as a husband and as a father – to know these things is to understand what American labour means. (Trade Union & Labour) Adlai Stevenson
5,083. What is a labour victory? I maintain that it is a twofold thing. Workers must gain economic advantage, but they must also gain revolutionary spirit, in order to achieve a complete victory. For workers to gain a few cents more a day, a few minutes less a day, and go back to work with the same psychology, the same attitude toward society is to achieve a temporary gain and not a lasting victory. (Trade Union & Labour & Revolution) Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
5,084. When people ask me, ‘Why can’t labour organize the way it did in the thirties?’ The answer is simple: everything we did then is now illegal. (Trade Union & Labour) Thomas Geoghegan
5,086. There is a dawn approaching that is indicating and shouting to us that it’s our moment. But we’ve got to seize that moment and use what we know so well – how to organize and, fundamentally, how to fight! (Trade Union & Labour & Organise & Fight) Tony Mazzocchi, speech 1998 United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America
5,087. It was the labour movement that helped secure so much of what we take for granted today. The 40-hour work week, the minimum wage, family leave, health insurance, Social Security, Medicare, retirement plans. The cornerstones of the middle-class security all bear the union label. (Trade Union & Labour) Barack Obama
5,088. It is essential that there should be organization of labour. This is an era of organization. Capital organizes and therefore labour must organize. (Trade Union & Labour & Organise) Theodore Roosevelt
5,089. All wealth is the product of labor. (Trade Union & Labour & Wealth) John Locke
49,701. The circulation of capital realizes value, while living labour creates value. (Marxism & Communism & Capitalism & Value & Labour) Karl Marx
49,248. And here it becomes evident that the bourgeoisie is unfit any longer to be the ruling class in society and to impose its conditions of existence upon society as an over-riding law. It is unfit to rule because it is incompetent to assure an existence to its slave within his slavery, because it cannot help letting him sink into such a state that it has to feed him instead of being fed by him. Society can no longer live under this bourgeoisie; in other words, its existence is no longer compatible with society.
The essential condition for the existence, and for the sway of the bourgeois class, is the formation and augmentation of capital; the condition for capital is wage-labour. Wage-labour rests exclusively on competition between the labourers. The advance of industry, whose involuntary promoter is the bourgeoisie, replaces the isolation of the labourers, due to competition, by their revolutionary combination, due to association. The development of modern industry, therefore, cuts from under its feet the very foundation on which the bourgeoisie produces and appropriates products. What the bourgeoisie therefore produces, above all, are its own grave diggers. Its fall and the victory of the proletariat are equally inevitable. (Industry & Business & Capitalism & Rule & Bourgeoisie & Labour) Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto
5,175. In proportion therefore, as the repulsiveness of the work increases, the wage decreases. (Labour & Work & Wages) ibid.
49,695. A class of labourers, who live only so long as they find work, and who find work only so long as their labour increase capital. These labourers, who must sell themselves piecemeal, are a commodity, like every other article of commerce, and are consequently exposed to all the vicissitudes of competition, to all the fluctuations of the market. (Marxism & Communism & Work & Labour) ibid.
49,698. Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society; all that it does is to deprive him of the power to subjugate the labour of others by means of such appropriation. (Marxism & Communism & Labour) ibid.
49,699. The Communists disdain to conceal their views and aims. They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communistic revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win.
WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE! (Marxism & Communism & Labour & Work & Working Class & Chains & Unity & Solidarity & Trade Union & Revolution) ibid.
5,090. The more the division of labour and the application of machinery extend, the more does competition extend among the workers, the more do their wages shrink together. (Trade Union & Labour & Wages & Marxism & Competition) Karl Marx, Wage, Labour and Capital