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The United States was then engaged in throughout the world – one of the unpleasant little stories of post-war history which is not often told is that throughout the world from North Africa all the way around to South Korea the United States was engaged in exactly the same project namely destroying and eliminating the anti-fascist resistance and putting into power fascist and Nazi collaborators. Noam Chomsky, lecture 1985, ‘Lessons of Vietnam
The government has a defect: it’s potentially democratic. Corporations have no defect: they’re pure tyrannies. So therefore you want to keep corporations invisible and focus all anger on the government. Noam Chomsky
Fascist goons effectively ended labor agitation with government help, and the democratic deviation was terminated. The United States watched with approval. Noam Chomsky, Deterring Democracy
As fascist darkness settled over Italy, financial support from the US government and business climbed rapidly. Italy was offered by far the best postwar debt settlement of any country, and US investment there grew far faster than any other country as the Fascist regime established itself, eliminating labour unrest and other democratic disorders. ibid.
Close links between Washington and the Italian ultra-right can be traced to the strong support for Mussolini's Fascist takeover in 1922. ibid.
A center-right government was established with neo-Fascist participation, and the left soon excluded. ibid.
Here too, the plan was for the working classes and the poor to bear the cost of reconstruction. ibid.
For the last fifty years we’ve been supporting right-wing governments, and that is a puzzlement to me ... I don’t understand what there is in the American character ... that almost automatically, even when we have a liberal President, we support fascist dictatorships or are tolerant towards them. William Shirer
But if we don’t stand up, it can’t be seen and we can’t use the word hope. I don’t know if we will win. I don’t even know if we will survive as a species. But these corporate forces have us by the throat and they have my children by the throat. And in the end, I don’t fight fascists because I will win, I fight fascists because they are fascists. Chris Hedges, lecture Seattle University 2018, ‘Corporate Totalitarianism: The End Game’ *****
In Italy, as throughout the world, Fascists and collaborators were restored to power and influence by the Allied liberators. The general goal was to destroy the anti-Fascist resistance, undermine the popular forces on which it was based, and reconstruct the traditional conservative order, now under US dominion. David Schmitz, United States and Fascist Italy
Not the first time in the world that a sort of sickly Christian passivity has been preached in the face of Fascist dictatorship. Christopher Hitchens v Tony Blair: Is Religion a Force for Good in the World? Debate 2010
The Vatican, and its vast network of dioceses, has in the past decade alone been forced to admit complicity in a huge racket of child rape and child torture, mainly but by no means exclusively homosexual, in which known pederasts and sadists were shielded from the law and reassigned to parishes where the picking of the innocent and defenseless were often richer. Christopher Hitchens, God is Not Great p51
The Catholic Church was generally sympathetic to fascism as an idea ... Benito Mussolini had barely seized power in Italy before the Vatican made an official treaty with him, known as the Lateran Pact of 1929. Under the terms of this deal, Catholicism became the only recognized religion in Italy, with monopoly powers over matters such as birth, marriage, death, and education, and in return urged its followers to vote for Mussolini's party. ibid. p235
Across southern Europe, the church was a reliable ally in the instatement of fascist regimes in Spain, Portugal, and Croatia. ibid. p236
In central and eastern Europe ... the extreme right-wing military coup in Hungary, led by Admiral Horthy, was warmly endorsed by the church, as were similar fascist movements in Slovakia and Austria. (The Nazi puppet regime in Slovakia was actually led by a man in holy orders named Father Tiso). The cardinal of Austria proclaimed his enthusiasm at Hitler’s takeover of his country at the time of the Anschluss. ibid. p236
When the German conquest of France arrived, these forces eagerly collaborated in the rounding up and murder of French Jews, as well as in the deportation of forced to forced labor of a huge number of other Frenchmen. ibid. pp236-237
Parish records were made available to the Nazi state in order to establish who was and who was not ‘racially pure’ enough to survive endless persecution under the Nuremberg laws. ibid. p238
None of the Protestant churches, however, went as far as the Catholic hierarchy is ordering an annual celebration for Hitler’s birthday on April 20. ibid. p238-239
Studying the war, one can perhaps accept that 25 per cent of the SS were practising Catholics and that no Catholic was ever even threatened with excommunication for participating in war crimes. ibid. p240
The collusion continued even after the war, as wanted Nazi criminals were spirited to South America by the infamous ‘rat line’. It was the Vatican itself, with its ability to provide passports, documents, money, and contacts, which organized the escape network and also the necessary shelter and succor at the other end. ibid. p240
The atom bombs are piling up in the factories, the police are prowling through the cities, the lies are streaming from the loudspeakers, but the earth is still going round the sun. George Orwell
It will be seen that, as used, the word ‘Fascism’ is almost entirely meaningless. In conversation, of course, it is used even more wildly than in print. I have heard it applied to farmers, shopkeepers, Social Credit, corporal punishment, fox-hunting, bull-fighting, the 1922 Committee, the 1941 Committee, Kipling, Gandhi, Chiang Kai-Shek, homosexuality, Priestley’s broadcasts, Youth Hostels, astrology, women, dogs and I do not know what else.
Yet underneath all this mess there does lie a kind of buried meaning. To begin with, it is clear that there are very great differences, some of them easy to point out and not easy to explain away, between the regimes called Fascist and those called democratic. Secondly, if ‘Fascist’ means ‘in sympathy with Hitler’, some of the accusations I have listed above are obviously very much more justified than others. Thirdly, even the people who recklessly fling the word ‘Fascist’ in every direction attach at any rate an emotional significance to it. By ‘Fascism’ they mean, roughly speaking, something cruel, unscrupulous, arrogant, obscurantist, anti-liberal and anti-working-class. Except for the relatively small number of Fascist sympathizers, almost any English person would accept ‘bully’ as a synonym for ‘Fascist’. That is about as near to a definition as this much-abused word has come.
But Fascism is also a political and economic system. Why, then, cannot we have a clear and generally accepted definition of it? Alas! we shall not get one – not yet, anyway. To say why would take too long, but basically it is because it is impossible to define Fascism satisfactorily without making admissions which neither the Fascists themselves, nor the Conservatives, nor Socialists of any colour, are willing to make. All one can do for the moment is to use the word with a certain amount of circumspection and not, as is usually done, degrade it to the level of a swearword. George Orwell, What is Fascism? 1944
The word Fascism has now no meaning except in so far as it signifies ‘something not desirable’. The words democracy, socialism, freedom, patriotic, realistic, justice, have each of them several different meanings which cannot be reconciled with one another. In the case of a word like democracy, not only is there no agreed definition, but the attempt to make one is resisted from all sides. It is almost universally felt that when we call a country democratic we are praising it: consequently the defenders of every kind of regime claim that it is a democracy, and fear that they might have to stop using that word if it were tied down to any one meaning. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way. That is, the person who uses them has his own private definition, but allows his hearer to think he means something quite different. George Orwell, Politics and the English Language April 1946
It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen. Winston Smith, his chin nuzzled into his breast in an effort to escape the vile wind, slipped quickly though the glass doors of Victory Mansions, though not quick enough to prevent a swirl of gritty dust from entering along with him.