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★ Byzantium

Byzantium: see Orthodox & Christianity & Ottoman Empire & Bible & Turkey & Greeks & Romans & Persia & Hittites & Crusades

Robert Bartlett TV - Bettany Hughes TV - Diarmaid MacCulloch TV - Simon Sebag Montefiore TV -

 

 

 

On their way to Jerusalem the Crusaders arrived at the capital of the Byzantine Empire – Constantinople was one of the greatest cities of the medieval world.  Professor Robert Bartlett, The Normans III: Normans of the South, BBC 2010

 

 

It was in what is now western Turkey that the Mary cult started to become a global phenomenon.  A special devotion grew up around her to replace the old pagan goddesses like Diana or Artemis.  In church doctrine she went from being the mere mother of Jesus to ... the Mother of God.  This incredible clout was reinforced by the building of churches devoted to her and the dissemination of her image all over Byzantium, the Christian Roman empire in the east.  Bettany Hughes, The Bible, Channel 4 2010

 

 

By the middle of the seventh century Muslim armies had snatched two-thirds of Byzantine territory, including the great holy cities of Damascus and Antioch and Jerusalem.  Professor Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, BBC 2009

 

During the fifteen century the Ottoman Turks ruthlessly gobbled up the Byzantine lands.  Soon all that was left was the once great city of Constantinople ... On the 29th May 1543 the Ottomans poured into the city ...  It was a savage end to the long Christian history of the Byzantine Empire.  ibid.

 

 

Every holy city has a founding myth.  Istanbul’s story begins with the legend of a sea voyage by a Greek king ... Byzas gave his name to the city he founded and the empire it ultimately became – Byzantium.  Simon Sebag Montefiore, Byzantium: A Tale of Three Cities, BBC 2013

 

They called it the City of the World’s desire.  ibid.

 

Many of the earliest remains date back to the 4th century A.D. when it was a Roman city.  ibid.

 

Constantine was turning his back on Rome and betting everything on a faraway Greek fishing port.  ibid.