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11,824.  Whereas archaeology tells us something which is the opposite.  According the archaeology the rise of early Israel is an outcome of the collapse of Canaanite society, not the reason for that collapse.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Archaeology)  Professor Israel Finkelstein, Tel Aviv University

 

 

11,825.  Biblical archaeology doesn’t work.  Is wrong.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Archaeology)  Professor Israel Finkelstein

 

 

11,826.  There’s no archaeological evidence for the simple reason that we cannot excavate on the Temple Mount.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Archaeology)  Professor Israel Finkelstein

 

 

11,827.  There are a few pottery shells from the tenth century on the ground, a wall here and there maybe, but nothing monumental.  We are left with no archaeological evidence for the Temple of Solomon.  (Bible & Old Testament & Archaeology & Solomon)  Professor Israel Finkelstein

 

 

11,910.  Megiddo is the jewel of Biblical archaeology.  (Bible & Old Testament & Archaeology)  The Bible Unearthed: The Patriarchs

 

11,911.  Megiddo serves as a reference for the dating of sites throughout the whole near east.  (Bible & Old Testament & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

11,912.  There was no migration in the direction of Canaan at the time the Bible situates Abraham’s voyage.  (Bible & Old Testament & Archaeology & Abraham)  ibid.

 

11,913.  Genesis contained a number of stories of various origins that were woven together.  (Bible & Old Testament & Archaeology & Stories)  ibid.

 

 

11,965.  Are their stories real or merely myth?  Archaeologists dig through the Bible to determine what is fact, what is fiction and whether Moses really wrote the Hebrew Bible.  Is there evidence to support the exodus of the chosen people from Egypt or was the exodus really a smaller group of Canaanites who chose to be free?  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  Bible’s Buried Secrets 1/2 

 

11,966.  It became known as the Merneptah Stela.  Today it is in the Cairo Museum: ‘Israel has been shorn; its seed no longer exists’.  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

11,967.  History proved the Pharaoh’s confident boast to be wrong.  Rather than marking their annihilation, Merneptah’s Stela announces the entrance on to the world stage of a people named Israel.  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  ibid. 

   

11,968.  The well-established Egyptian chronology gives the date as 1208 B.C.  Merneptah’s Stela is powerful evidence that a people called the Israelites were living in Canaan in what today includes Israel and Palestine over three-thousand years ago.  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

11,969.  Scholars search for intersections between science and scripture.  The earliest is the Victory Stele of the Egyptian pharaoh Merneptah from 1208 B.C.  Both the Stele and the Bible place a people called the Israelites in the hill country of Canaan which includes modern-day Israel and Palestine.  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

11,970.  Many similar discrepancies throughout its pages suggest that the Bible had more than one writer.  In fact within the first five books of the Bible scholars have identified the hand of at least four different groups of scribes writing over several hundred years.  This theory is called the Documentary Hypothesis.  But when did the process of writing the Bible begin?  (Bible & Old Testament & Author)  ibid.

 

11,971.  In the Bible no single event is mentioned more times than the Exodus ... It could not have happened before Ramesses became king around 1275 B.C. and it could not have happened after 1208 B.C. when the Stela of Pharaoh Merneptah – Ramesses II’s son – specifically locates the Israelites in Canaan ... In a hundred years of searching, archaeologists have not yet found evidence of migration that can be linked to the Exodus.  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

11,972.  When archaeologists date the destruction of these buildings [Ai] they discover it occurred about 2,200 B.C.  They date the destruction of Jericho to 1,500 B.C.  And Hazor’s to about 1,250 B.C.  Clearly these city-states were not destroyed at the same time.  In fact of the 31 sites the Bible says that Joshua conquered, few showed any signs of war.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Jericho & Joshua & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

11,973.  By dating the pottery Finkelstein discovered that before 1,200 B.C. there were approximately twenty-five settlements.  He estimated the total population of those settlements to be between three and five thousand inhabitants.  But just two hundred years later there’s a very sharp increase in settlements and people.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

11,974.  Archaeology reveals that the Israelites were themselves originally Canaanites.  So why does the Bible consistently cast the Israelites as outsiders in Canaan? ... The answer may lie in their desire to forge a distinctly new identity ... If the Israelites wanted to distinguish themselves from their Canaanite past, what better way than to create a story about destroying them.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Archaeology)  ibid.

 

 

11,978.  But then in 1993 an amazing discovery shed new light on what the Bible calls ancient Israel’s greatest king.  Gila Cook was finishing up some survey work with an assistant at Tel Dan, a Biblical site in the far north of Israel today ... But something caught her eye: a stone with what appeared to be random scratches but was actually an ancient inscription ... Cook had found a fragment of a Victory Stela ... It celebrates the conquest of Israel.  It boasts: ‘I slew mighty kings who harnessed thousands of chariots and thousands of horsemen.  I killed the king of the House of David’.  (Bible & Old Testament & David & Israel & Archaeology)  Bibles Buried Secrets 2/2

 

11,980.  So has Eilat Mazar discovered the Palace of David?  She adds up the evidence: the building is huge; it is located in a prominent place in the oldest part of Jerusalem; and the pottery according to Albright’s chronology dates to the 10th century B.C. – the time of David.  Mazar believes she has indeed found the palace of David.  But the strength of her case rests on the outcome of dating shards of pottery.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Archaeology & Pottery & Jerusalem)  ibid.

 

11,981.  Three monumental gates all based on the same plan would seem to be powerful evidence not only of prosperity but also of a central authority ... This stunning convergence between the Bible and Egyptian history gives a firm date for the death of Solomon ... 930 B.C.  This is further evidence that David and Solomon lived in the 10th century ... Although a minority of archaeologists continue to disagree, this convergence of the Bible, Egyptian chronology and Solomon’s Gates is powerful evidence that a great kingdom existed at the time of David and Solomon spanning all of Israel, north and south, with its capital in Jerusalem.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Archaeology & Jerusalem & David & Solomon)  ibid.

 

11,983.  Despite Josiah’s reforms the ancient Israelites continue to worship other gods.  Their acceptance of one god and the triumph of monotheism begins with a series of events vividly attested through archaeology, ancient texts and the Bible.  It starts with the destruction of Yahweh’s earthly dwelling, The Jerusalem Temple.  In 586 B.C. after defeating the Assyrians a new Mesopotamian empire invades Israel.  The Babylonians ransack the Temple and systematically burn the sacred city.  Before his eyes the Babylonian victors slay the sons of Zedechiah, the last Davidic king, then blind him.  The Covenant, the promise made by Yahweh to his chosen people and to David that his dynasty would rule eternally in Jerusalem, is broken.  After four-hundred years Israel is wiped out.  The Babylonians round up the Israelite priests, prophets and scribes and drag them in chains to Babylon.  Babylonian records confirm the presence of Israelites including the king in exile.  (Bible & Old Testament & Israel & Josiah & Babylon & Archaeology & Covenant)  ibid.

 

 

12,003.  Wandering for forty years there would be something.  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  Professor Eric Cline

 

 

12,004.  We do not have a single shred of evidence to date – there is nothing archaeologically to attest to anything from the Biblical story.  No plagues.  No parting of the Red Sea.  No manna from Heaven.  No wandering for forty years.  (Bible & Old Testament & Moses & Israel & Archaeology)  Professor Eric Cline

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