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Rome brought Britain a civilisation, an extraordinary sophistication and refinement … The Emperor: he was a god on Earth. Monarchy by David Starkey s1e1: A Nation State, Channel 4 2004
The Romans of course built the greatest Mediterranean empire of all, spanning the sea. Mediterranean with Simon Reeve III, BBC 2018
Let Rome in Tiber melt, and the wide arch
Of the ranged empire fall. Here is my space.
Kingdoms are clay. William Shakespeare, Anthony & Cleopatra I i 33
In pursuit of power mankind builds new empires. New connections. Now one man’s life and death will touch the lives of millions. It will transform the destiny of an empire, and change the story of all of us. Mankind: The Story of All of Us III, History Channel 2012
Jerusalem: 33 A.D.: A provincial city under Roman rule. Occupied for a hundred years. ibid.
It can take three days to die on a cross: blood-loss, shock, dehydration, suffocation. ibid.
For twenty years Britons have waged a guerrilla war against an occupation. ibid.
Leading the resistance, a mystical sect of priests – the Druids. They worshipped the sun, the moon and the forest. Druid means ‘man of oak’. ibid.
Mankind’s first full-time professional army. Each soldier is armed with a gladius. ibid.
Paulinus has been a commander for twenty years ... His men kill as many as 80,000 people … The Druids annihilated. ibid.
The first priority for Rome is a network of roads. ibid.
The Roman road – seven metres across, wide enough for an army to march six abreast. Roman roads connect new Roman towns, and conquered people become citizens of an empire. ibid.
Admission to the games is free. ibid.
Across the empire eight million people are slaves with no rights in Roman law. ibid.
Thousands of Christians are executed and become celebrated as martyrs. ibid.
A new Christian capital rises in the east of the empire: Constantinople. Today: Istanbul … the Church of the Holy Wisdom. ibid.
A world connected like never before. Christianity – the lasting legacy of the Roman empire. ibid.
4,346. Rome: 455 A.D. At the gates of the imperial palace Genseric. Known as the Spear King. Chief of a tribe of Germanic warriors – the Vandals. Mankind: The Story of All of Us IV, History Channel 2012
Ancient Rome: one of the greatest superpowers in history whose far-reaching legacy continues to shape our lives. For close on a thousand years the Romans dominated the known world: theirs was an extraordinary empire. Bettany Hughes, The Eight Days that Made Rome e1: Hannibal’s Last Stand Channel 5 2017
A day when a Roman general, Publius Cornelius Scipio, went head to head with the legendary Hannibal and the mighty empire of Carthage in a battle that would determine whether Rome really had the muscle to rule the ancient world. ibid.
The Romans fetishised violence and aggression and ambition. ibid.
This was a vast protection racket in all but name. ibid.
You were either with them or against them. ibid.
Hannibal himself escaped the slaughter, riding straight for Carthage, a city he’d not seen for thirty-six years. ibid.
Razed Carthage to the ground. ibid.
Also ruled through violence and oppression. Rome’s rise to greatness was inevitable. Bettany Hughes, The Eight Days that Made Rome e2: The Spartacus Revolt
This is the day in the summer of 73 B.C. when a band of slaves took on the might of Rome. They were led by one of the most legendary names in history, Spartacus. ibid.
They knew that slaves were potential insurgents, and one day in 73 B.C. their worst fears were realised. ibid.
A group of highly trained specialist slaves …. a full-blown slave revolt. ibid.
The protest and the idea of freedom is contagious. ibid.
Two thirds of the slave army was slaughtered. ibid.
Assemblies and elections were open to ordinary citizens, but the powerful Senate was dominated by a few elite families. As a republic, Rome had gone from strength to strength. Bettany Hughes, The Eight Days that Made Rome e3: Crossing the Rubicon
Caesar v Germanic tribes: what followed was one of the most vicious mass killings in history. ibid.
Caesar had absolutely no intention of giving up the source of his power. ibid.
An epic showdown loomed. ibid.
When Caesar had entered the chamber he was surrounded by about 20 conspirators who stabbed him to death. ibid.
Here in Britain around 60 A.D. It was the day Roman forces flogged and dishonoured the queen of a proud native tribe, and it triggered an uprising the likes of which Rome had never seen. Bettany Hughes, Eight Days that Made Rome e5: Boudica’s Revenge
The leader of the revolt was Boudica: still a British icon today. ibid.
Boudica’s defeat of the 9th legion would have shocked the Romans. ibid.
This is the day in 337 AD when the dying emperor Constantine was baptised in a final commitment to a new religion that would shape the next thousand years of Rome’s story and human history. Bettany Hughes, Eight Days that Made Rome e7: The Rebirth of Rome
His devastating victory at the Milvian Bridge meant he [Constantine] became the sole emperor of the western half of the Empire. The grand prize, Rome, was his. ibid.
Social justice was now on his imperial agenda. ibid.
The East had been brought together by an emperor called Licinius. But Constantine’s ambition couldn’t allow for a rival: so he’d need a pretext to go to war with another Roman co-ruler … They fought for eight years. ibid.
Claudius wanted an emphatic and unforgettable way of impressing on his subjects – the people of southern Britain – just what kind of a ruler they were dealing with. Bettany Hughes, Seven Ages of Britain 43 A.D.- 410 A.D. Channel 4 2003
The Romans were here and the Third Age of Britain had begun. ibid.
Cogidubnus was a puppet and the Romans pulled his strings. ibid.
Leading the attack was a woman with waist-length hair and piercing eyes – Boedica. ibid.
Pre-Roman Britain was illiterate. ibid.
The Romans made it their business to change our way of life ... The epitome of Romanisation was the bathhouse. ibid.
Without the army and an organised government the cities decayed. ibid.
By the beginning of the 5th century A.D. the Roman Empire was showing its weakness, and it began to crumble territory by territory. Bettany Hughes, Seven Ages of Britain 410 A.D. – 1066 A.D.