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Mary Cassatt is only one of a handful of women artists up to the beginning of the twentieth century who have managed to forge strong reputations in the male-dominated saga of art history. She was an American by birth but lived in France for sixty years who helped to develop the first great movement in modern art: Impressionism. Great Artists with Tim Marlow s1e25: Mary Cassatt, Sky Arts 2003
The Boating Party and pays distant but direct homage to a work produced by Manet. ibid.
Perhaps in homage to her own mother Cassatt explored more intently than ever the subject of mother and child. ibid.
She is a very important early great American artist, helping to build up a cultural momentum whose impact is still evident today ... She is a pioneering woman figure, one of a handful of woman artists before the twentieth century whose reputations were strong. ibid.
When one thinks of the Impressionists, one thinks of Paris or northern France. Not the gardens and landscapes of Connecticut, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania. But there is a story to be told of American artists learning from a movement in Europe but making it very much their own, and very much reflective of America that at the end of the nineteenth century was undergoing enormous change. Tim Marlow: Great Art s2e5: The Artist’s Garden: American Impressionism, Gillian Anderson, ITV 2018
The Artist’s Garden: American Impressionism and the Garden Movement was an exhibition that originated at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia and then travelled to here: the Connecticut Florence Griswold Museum. ibid.
What brings them together is their interests in gardens and painting outdoors. ibid. Anna O Marley, curator Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts
We feature on a blockbuster that came to the Royal Academy in London a short while ago: painting the modern garden – Monet to Matisse. No-one quite imagined just how popular it would be. But it was more than that: it was an exhibition that sought among other things to show how gardening wasn’t seen as a hobby by these artists but as an art-form in itself. Tim Marlow, Great Art s3e4: Painting the Modern Garden – Monet to Matisse, ITV 2019
Three great galleries – the Musee d’Orsay in Paris, the National Portrait gallery in London and the National Gallery in Washington DC were planning the first ever exhibition entirely focused on portraits by Cézanne. Tim Marlow, Great Art s3e5: Cézanne – Portraits of a Life, ITV 2019
Cézanne considered among the greatest of all artists. ibid.
He [Claude Monet] was complicated, passionate, dedicated, revolutionary and humorous. He was also at times destitute, suicidal, bereft and frustrated … A complex human being. Tim Marlow, Great Art s4e2: Claude Monet
My family refuse to help me any more. I don’t know where I’ll sleep tomorrow … I was so upset yesterday I was stupid enough to hurl myself into the water. Fortunately no harm was done. ibid. Claude
1878: My wife has just had another baby and I find myself penniless and unable to pay for the medical care that both mother and child must have. ibid.
In Philadelphia in the United States there is an absolute treasure trove of a gallery called the Barnes Foundation … One artist who divides opinion [Renoir]: some love him, some don’t. Albert Barnes certainly did and he put together the world’s largest collection of Renior’s paintings. Tim Marlow, Great Art s4e5: Renoir: Revered and Reviled: from the Barnes Foundation, ITV 2020
Luncheon of the Boating Party 1880-1881: ‘I think we’re really looking at the high point, perhaps the end point, of his Impressionist career.’ ibid. scholar
Edgar Degas is widely celebrated as a pioneering French Impressionist and the first great painter of beautiful ballerinas. Tim Marlow on Degas and the Ballet
Degas was a deeper, darker, more complex and more technologically aware artist than many previously realised. ibid.
The Royal Academy’s exhibition traces Degas’ creative obsession with ballet throughout his career. ibid.
A leader of the first great radical movement in modern art. ibid.
The only finished sculpture that Degas ever exhibited: The Little Dancer Aged Fourteen 1880-1881 cast c.1922. ibid.
Claude Monet: Water-Lilies after 1916: An extraordinary late Monet painting of Monet’s lily pond … Maybe the first installation of modern art. Tim Marlow on ... The New Tate Modern
Olympia painted by Edouart Manet and shown in 1865 and causing an absolute furore. Tim Marlow: The Nude: The Modern, Sky Arts 2012
The Dead Christ with Angels 1864: He did use models, and one of the things he was criticized for was making Christ and the angels too realistic. Tim Marlow Meets Tony Bennett, Tim at the Metropolitan
Sorolla: The Bath, Javea, 1905: He is respected but he isn’t in the same league as the others you’ve chosen. ibid. Tim
He was an Impressionist. ibid.
Pisarro: The Louvre Under Snow 1902: A beautiful work but a relatively unknown one. Tim Marlow Meets s2e2: Nitin Sawhney, Tim
Monet is using his intense close scrutiny of Nature to rethink the whole notion of landscape painting ... Monet never experimented with colour for its own sake: it was always used to evoke the effects of natural light. Tim Marlow at the Courtauld 3/3
The Folies Bergere: This is an out and out masterpiece by Manet ... Manet is playing with the whole idea of representational code ... It’s a coherent view of an increasingly fragmenting world ... Manet never showed in the Paris exhibitions. ibid.
This painting made by Gauguin the summer of 1888 ... Haymaking ... Space and form seem simplified … ibid.
Gauguin sought inspiration further afield in the south seas in the island of Tahiti. ibid.
This is impressionism: nice, isn’t it? … medium-sized arrangements of delectable charming colours, a total absence of darkness and a happy, woosy soft-edgeness everywhere. Matthew Collings, Impressionism: Revenge of the Nice, Channel 4 2004
Impressionism is the first movement of modern art. ibid.
The two artists who opened the door for impressionism were Gustave Courbet and Edouard Manet … What unites them artistically is a radical idea: they think art should be real and not false. ibid.
Impressionism: the opposite to the overcooked look of salon art. ibid.
Courbet will make himself the leader and the personification of the realist style. ibid.
Courbet started painting enormous group portraits of his own people from his own region. ibid.
Manet’s take on the sensual is colour; Manet releases colour from being an add-on and makes it something in itself, not only something but the main thing. ibid.
Olympia is the kind of name high-class Parisian prostitutes sometimes took; so there’s no doubting what the scene is. ibid.
Manet’s visual freshness if profound. ibid.
Manet’s last major painting – a bar at the Folies Bergere. ibid.
What matters in Manet’s art is the sense of modern life. ibid.
The main impressionist was Claude Monet: reality, sensuality, colour – Monet’s inheritance from Manet. ibid.
Monet is making how a picture works be the exciting thing. ibid.
Impressionists lose money on the show but they don’t lose heart. ibid.
Here is that painting: Impression Sunrise. ibid.
Over the years he became a grand figure. ibid.
Paul Cézanne had an absolutely difficult personality … obsessive, solitary, right-wing and paranoid. ibid.
A devout Catholic … His painting is the most revolutionary type of art there’s ever been … he won’t tolerate any left-wing views. ibid.
Cézanne did about two hundred paintings of bathers. ibid.
It’s a story of rebellion and courage. Monet painted some of art’s bravest pictures. Renoir some of the liveliest. Degas unleashed the ballet. Seurat unleashed the dot. Van Gogh – well he unleashed colour. I think it’s the most exciting mutiny in art. Waldemar Januszczak, The Impressionists: Painting and Revolution I: Gang of Four, BBC 2011
The impact of the paint-tube on art cannot be overestimated. ibid.
Monet and Renoir would spend their summers sniffing out modern places by the river. ibid.