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This is the figure of Ramesses II who ruled Egypt around 1200 B.C. He was the pharaoh who invested more in his image than any other. His figure is found all over Egypt. Mary Beard, Civilisations II: How Do We Look, BBC 2018
Tutankhamun’s spectacular treasures: now for the first time since they were discovered, all 5,398 objects are being brought together in a new billion dollar museum. This will be the first time many of them will have been seen for a century. Tut’s Treasures: Hidden Secrets s1e1, National Geographic 2020
The arsenal not of a boy king but a warrior on the world stage. ibid.
At the heart of the investigation is a mysterious dagger found on Tutankhamun’s mummified body, priceless golden chariot, decorations painstakingly reconstructed after lying in fragments for 3,500 years, and the leather remains of a curious armoured tunic. ibid.
Iron in the dagger’s blade wasn’t mined or smelted in Egypt, so where did it come from? … The iron in Tutankahmun’s dagger … [is] from the asteroid belt … a lump of rock and metal plummeted to Earth. ibid.
The evidence suggests Tutankhamun may have died far from home. ibid.
The most famous treasure of all is the death mask. Crafted from 22 pounds of gold, this priceless object is known throughout the world. Tut’s Treasures: Hidden Secrets s1e2
Over 5,000 objects were taken from the tomb; only a third have ever been seen in public. ibid.
It was soon clear that this was an unusual tomb for a powerful ruler of ancient Egypt … so small and poorly prepared. ibid.
‘No Egyptian should have been mummified like this let alone an Egyptian pharaoh.’ ibid. Dr Christopher Naunton
Tutankhamun and his royal line were feted to die out, leaving behind the magnificent treasures of a spectacular legacy. Tut’s Treasures: Hidden Secrets s1e3: Tales from the Tomb
Tutankhamun, his father and his successor were erased from the official history. But experts have questions how this young king of Egypt and his whole family could have disappeared without trace. ibid.
Personal items … custom-made shoes … a collection of walking sticks … two tiny human mummies that were buried with him … ibid.
A life marred by pain and personal loss. ibid.
It’s likely Tutankhamun’s deformities were as a result of generations of inbreeding. ibid.
Six chariots were found in Tutankhamun’s tomb. ibid.
‘A blunt trauma which seems to have affected a large part of the left side of his body.’ ibid. Christopher Naunton
Bubastelion Necropolis, Saqqara, Egypt: In November 2018 a small team of Egyptian archaeologists hunting for tombs in an ancient graveyard unearthed the discovery of a lifetime: a complete tomb. Secrets of the Saqqara Tomb, Netflix 2020
For me Saqqara is the most important archaeologists’ site in Egypt. ibid. Egyptologist
We began our excavation here in the Spring of 2018. ibid.
Since the discovery, experts have been decoding the tomb, searching for clues about Wahtye and his family. ibid.
Wahte, Purified Priests to the King, Overseer of the Divine Estate, Overseer of the Sacred Boat, Revered with the Great God … ibid. tomb inscription
1,300 B.C.: Ancient Egyptian civilisation is in its golden age. Its ruler is Ramesses II, a man who intends to be the greatest of all pharaohs. He will make his mark by building vast statues, towering obelisks, temples carved from living rock. Ramesses is a giant. He dominates his kingdom for 67 years. Lost Worlds s1e3: Ramesses’ Egyptian Empire, History 2005-2007
The hypostyle Hall of Karnak was just the start of the most ambitious series of engineering projects that Egypt had ever seen. ibid.
In ancient Egypt a revolution is brewing. The most ambitious building project ever conceived sets off a chain of events that will transform the nation. Buried in the sands of Egypt is the tale of a powerful pharaoh who would become a god and revolutionise his country. This is the legend of the world’s first pyramid. Legends of the Pharaohs s1e1: Egypt’s First Pyramid, History 2021
Egypt’s pyramid-building age: 500 years during which some of the world’s most remarkable monuments were constructed, including the Great Pyramid of Giza. ibid.
When the underground burial chamber was complete, Imhotep turned his attention to the stone monument above … Imhotep would use stone masonry on an industrial scale. ibid.
After toiling for 19 years, Imhotep’s masterpiece was finished. He had succeeded in his mission, creating a magnificent and original tomb from stone … A pyramid that towered over 60 metres high, with sides over 100 metres long, set to contain 850,000 tons of limestone blocks. This engineering marvel still inspires awe today. ibid.
The story of Egypt’s pyramids is one of innovation and mysterious rituals. Backbreaking work and palace intrigue. Legends of the Pharaohs s1e2: Curse of the Pyramids
In the scorching heat of the Egyptian desert a stone mountain rises 100 metres from the sand. This is the Red Pyramid of Dahshur. Over 1.7 million cubic metres of stone. It’s the first flat-sided true pyramid in Egypt: the work of a powerful pharaoh called Snefru … Snefru built not one but three record-breaking pyramids. ibid.
All over the country Snefru recruited civil servants to enforce palace orders. Snefru would need to recruit manpower from the lower ranks, paving the way for a new social class to emerge. ibid.
Egypt’s great pyramid: the world’s most famous tomb built by a pharaoh with a reputation for cruelty. A reputed megalomaniac ready to sacrifice his people in pursuit of perfection. Now archaeologists are hunting for the truth about this king and his pyramid. Legends of the Pharaohs s1e3: The Tyrant King
It took over 25 years to build. How Khufu persuaded his subjects to do it has long remained a mystery. ibid.
The quarry was just over 300 metres from the Great Pyramid. ibid.
The Great Pyramid: to achieve his dream Khufu had formed a professional workforce bolstered by conscripted citizens and building a vast city to support them. Legends of the Pharaohs s1e4: Mystery of the Great Pyramid
The blocks of white limestone polished by the builders have all but vanished. Just a small section remains. ibid.
Khufu had created a city for his workforce. Diverted the Nile and developed an immense industrial and commercial network. Never again would a pharaoh be able to match the scale of the Great Pyramid. But the era of the pyramid-builders wasn’t over, and the Giza Plateau would see more monumental constructions. ibid.
In ancient Egypt the legendary pharaoh Khufu is dead. Who will succeed the builder of the greatest pyramid in history? Legends of the Pharaohs s1e5: Secrets of the Sphinx
The Riddle of the Sphinx: this is a tale of lies, betrayal and history’s most enigmatic statue. ibid.
Around 2,470 B.C.E. Khafre descended to the throne. He assembled a vast workforce to construct his pyramid … Khafre should never have become pharaoh. ibid.
The first puzzle to solve is why the ancient builders carved the Sphinx in the first place. What did it represent? Historians still don’t know what the ancient Egyptians called this creature. ibid.
Djedefre’s pyramid was destroyed some 2,000 years after it was built. A misfortune that would erase the king from history. ibid.
In ancient Egypt a series of legendary pharaohs have constructed some of history’s most iconic monuments. Generations of builders have toiled on these giant pyramids transforming the country and uniting its people in the hope of guaranteeing eternal life for their pharaoh. But cracks in the country’s unity are beginning to appear: religious transformation, natural disasters and a weak pharaoh bring the age of the pyramids to a crushing end. Legends of the Pharaohs s1e6: Downfall of a Dynasty
The harvest had been poor for several years. The people were hungry and revolution was brewing. The ageing Pepi II would be the last pharaoh of the old kingdom. ibid.