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123,874. Hicks [1904 Olympic marathon] was ‘kept in mechanical action by the use of drugs that he might bring to America the marathon honours’. (Doping & Olympics) Mark Johnson, lecture UCTV 2016 ‘Spitting in the Soup: Inside the Dirty Game of Doping in Sports’
123,875. ‘The marathon race, from a medical standpoint, demonstrated that drugs are of much benefit to athletes along the road.’ (Doping & Olympics) ibid. Dr Charles Lucan 1905
123,876. ‘The use of a substance or device which improves the physical performance of a man without being injurious to his health can hardly be unethical.’ (Doping & Olympics) ibid. Dr Peter Karpovitch 1941
123,877. Endurance athletes immediately took to speed. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,878. To take drugs to do their job was absolutely expected. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,879. We [US] didn’t even create an anti-doping agency until the year 2000. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,880. 23 June 1969 Sports Illustrated front cover: Drugs: A Threat to Sport. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,881. Munich Olympics 1972: The East Germans saw this as a real opportunity. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,882. East Germany’s State Plan Subject 14.25: ‘Just like mission control when an astronaut is sent into space.’ (Doping & Olympics) ibid. Kurt Tittel, GDR Sports Medicine Director New York Times 1976
123,883. East Germany: 1,500 sports science researchers; 1,000 doctors; 4,700 coaches; 3,000 Stasi agents; 2 million annual doses. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,884. We gotta beat the commies. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,885. UCLA lab: 86 Americans positive in pre-Games tests. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,886. 20 American medal winners in Los Angeles had actually tested positive but they never were busted because the spreadsheet went missing. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,887. The state of fair play and purity is a complete fabricated of the Olympic founders. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,888. Sports doping: group achievement, not solitary delinquency. (Doping & Olympics) ibid.
123,889. It’s the dirty secret of pro sports: the police investigations drug rings, tragic death. It’s the problem team doctors don’t want to face … the untold story of prescription drug addiction and pro sports. (Doping & American Football) The Fifth Estate: The Pain Game: Drugs, Doctors and Pro Sports, CBC News 2015
123,890. Pro football is a collision sport with injuries, pain killers and pressures on team doctors to match. (Doping & American Football) ibid.
123,891. The recent raids of three NFL teams by agents of the US drug enforcement administration were part of a DEA investigation into the abuse of prescription medication in pro football. (Doping & American Football) ibid.
17,544. Chicago in the early twentieth century was already one of the most corrupt cities in the United States. One classic example of this was the 1919 World Series Baseball, when a New York gangsta Arnold Rothstein bribed the Chicago White Sox to lose. Police and politicians all took bribes. (Gangstas & Mafia & Murder: Capone & Chicago & Baseball & Cheat & Bribery & Doping) The Story of Al Capone
64,529. Explosive Book Rocks Baseball: Steroid Firestorm: Who used performance drugs; how and where they did it; what they say about it now: Fury Over Conseco Revelations. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Daily News February 2005
64,530. Report to the Commissioner of Baseball of an Independent Investigation into the Illegal Use of Steroids and Other Performance Enhancing Substances by Players in Major League Baseball. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) George Mitchell, December 2007
64,560. Everybody that I know in the game of baseball uses the same stuff I use. (Baseball & Steroid & Cheat & Doping) Mark McGwire
89,790. The only reason I took steroids was for my health purposes. I did not take steroids to get any gain for any strength purposes. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Mark McGwire
89,792. Performance-enhancing drugs are an illusion. I wish I had never gotten involved with steroids. It was wrong. It was stupid. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Mark McGwire
89,794. The steroids I did were on a very, very low dosage. I didn’t want to take a lot of that. I didn’t want to look like Arnold Schwartzenegger or Lou Ferrigno. (Baseball & Steroids & Doping & Cheat) Mark McGwire
64,682. Canseco and others had transformed their bodies by taking heavy doses of anabolic steroids. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Ken Burns, Baseball: The Tenth Inning I
64,683. Professional baseball players were free to take whatever they wanted. (Baseball & Steroids) ibid.
64,700. Steroid-inflated home run records had replaced day to day heroics. (Baseball & Steroid & Cheat & Doping) Ken Burns, Baseball: The Tenth Inning III
64,712. The game’s steroid problems hit the front pages and airwaves once again. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Ken Burns, Baseball: Tenth Inning IV
64,713. Bonds testified that he had taken steroids inadvertently. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) ibid.
64,714. Bonds had become the symbol of the steroids era. Barry Bonds finished 2007 with 762 career home runs. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) ibid.
64,715. Although 89 players were named, the most sensational section of the report was devoted to allegations of extensive doping by the most successful pitcher of the last fifteen years Roger Clemens. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) ibid.
64,716. Some of the greatest stars in the game would also be exposed. (Baseball & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) ibid.
84,081. I’ve just been handed a piece of paper here that if it’s right it’ll be the most dramatic story out of these Olympics or perhaps any others. (Olympics & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Desmond Lynum, BBC presenter, on Ben Johnson
84,082. Sooner or later your ability to succeed on natural talent runs out when you run against the chemical barrier. The question became do you take drugs and try to win, or do you content yourself with losing for ever by staying away from them? (Olympics & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Charlie Francis, Ben Johnson’s coach
64,262. The urine sample of Ben Johnson, Canada, Athletics 100 metre, collected on Saturday 24th September 1988, was found to contain the metabolic of a banned substance namely Stanozolol. (Athletics & Olympics & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) Olympic doping committee televised announcement
84,083. In 1988 Ben Johnson failed a drug test at the Olympic games in Seoul. Just forty-eight hours earlier he had set a new world record in the 100m, won the gold medal and defeated his arch-rival Carl Lewis. In the years after Seoul six of the eight finalists have been implicated in some form of controversy involving performance-enhancing drugs. And Johnson has long believed he was the fall-guy in a sport where steroid use was endemic. (Olympics & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) The Race that Shocked the World, BBC 2012
84,084. 1984 Los Angeles: No athlete was going for greater glory than Carl Lewis. (Olympics & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) ibid.
84,085. Not only had results gone missing, but there was now a new substance on the scene: it wasn’t detectable at all. (Olympics & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) ibid.
84,086. Johnson needed to increase his speed endurance to compete with Lewis. (Olympics & Steroids & Cheat & Doping) ibid.