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4,025. Sixty-five million years ago an asteroid the size of Mount Everest smashed into the Earth at sixty times the speed of sound. It unleashed a series of events that wiped out 70% of all species including the dinosaurs. (Earth & Life & Extinction & Asteroid & Dinosaurs & Evolution) Tony Robinson, Catastrophe IV: Asteroid Strike
4,026. Scientists have found this same layer all around the world. Below it fossils from countless species, above it 70% of them are gone including the dinosaurs. (Earth & Life & Extinction & Asteroid & Dinosaurs & Evolution) ibid.
4,027. The iridium suggested that sixty-five million years ago a massive asteroid hit the planet. At the exact same time as the death of the dinosaurs. (Earth & Life & Extinction & Asteroid & Dinosaurs & Evolution) ibid.
4,028. Sudden and dramatic climate change: dust and ash blocked out the sun; temperatures dropped like a stone and kept on dropping thanks to the impact’s location; the blast generated incredible heat; it vaporised the rock and blasted tons of sulphur dioxide into the air; it mixed with water in the atmosphere to form sulphuric acid droplets: and that was a disaster. (Earth & Life & Extinction & Dinosaurs & Evolution & Climate Science) ibid.
120,498. Carbon dioxide choked the planet. Temperatures increased by around 20 degrees Celsius over the next hundred years. It was global warming on a fast track. (Earth & Life & Extinction & Dinosaurs & Evolution & Carbon Dioxide) ibid.
4,029. It was the meek – the burrowers and the scavengers – who inherited the Earth. (Earth & Life & Extinction & Dinosaurs & Evolution & Meek) ibid.
4,064. Dinosaurs – it’s the meat eaters that get all the press. But recent research has revealed that out of the seven hundred species discovered over two thirds were herbivores. Vegetarians ruled. (Earth & Dinosaur & Vegaterianism) Professor Iain Stewart, How to Grow a Planet I: Life from Light, BBC 2012
4,074. But the dinosaurs days of grazing were about to end abruptly. Sixty five million years ago an asteroid ten kilometres wide across killed them off. The grasses survived. But they in turn would face their own crisis. (Earth & Dinosaur & Extinction & Asteroid & Grasses) Professor Iain Stewart, How to Grow a Planet II: The Power of Flowers, BBC 2012
12,681. Fundamentalist Christianity – fascinating. These people actually believe the world is 12,000 years old ... I got one word to ask you, one word question, ready? Dinosaurs. (Christian & Fundamentalism & Dinosaurs) Bill Hicks, Revelations, Dominion Theatre London
979. He says, Dinosaur fossils? God put those here to test our faith ... I think God put you here to test me faith, dude. (Faith & Dinosaurs & Christian & Fundamentalism) ibid.
19,063. Christian: God created the Earth six thousand years ago ... Dinasaurs and human beings lived on the Earth at the same time.
Tony: What? Like the Flintstones? (Gangstas: New Jersey & Creationism & Dinosaurs) The Sopranos: The Fleshy Part of the Thigh s6e4 starring James Gandolfini & Lorriane Bracco & Edie Falco & Michael Imperioli & Dominic Chianese & Steven van Zandt & Tony Sirico & Robert Iler et al
52,193. If one small and odd lineage of fishes had not evolved fins capable of bearing weight on land (though evolved for different reasons in lakes and seas,) terrestrial vertebrates would never have arisen. If a large extra-terrestrial object – the ultimate random bolt from the blue – had not triggered the extinction of dinosaurs 65 million years ago, mammals would still be small creatures, confined to the nooks and crannies of a dinosaur’s world, and incapable of evolving the larger size that brains big enough for self-consciousness require. If a small and tenuous population of proto-humans had not survived a hundred slings and arrows of outrageous fortune (and potential extinction) on the savannas of Africa, then Homo sapiens would never have emerged to spread throughout the globe. We are glorious accidents of an unpredictable process with no drive to complexity, not the expected results of evolutionary principles that yearn to produce a creature capable of understanding the mode of its own necessary construction. (Mammals & Animals & Evolution & Extinction & Dinosaurs & Meteor) Stephen Jay Gould
53,278. Sussex ... [Gideon] Mantell is convinced he has in his possession a set of fossils that will not only transform man’s understanding of the prehistoric world but will secure his reputation as England’s greatest amateur geologist. (Dinosaur & Archaeology) Days that Shook the World: Dinosaurs and Duplicity
53,279. The common belief is they are the remains of animals drowned in Noah’s flood. (Dinosaur & Archaeology) ibid.
53,280. By May 1822 Mantell felt confident enough to present his work in a book on the geology of Sussex. (Dinosaur & Archaeology) ibid.
53,281. But a chance discovery by Mary [Mantell] that was the turn the world of natural science on its head ... It appeared to the fragment of some sort of giant tooth. (Dinosaur & Archaeology) ibid.
53,282. Mantell – the first man in the world to discover a plant-eating dinosaur. (Dinosaur & Archaeology) ibid.
53,283. 1953 ... Scientists are about to expose the most audacious fraud in the history of archaeology ... In November 1912 a startling discovery was announced of the remains of what was claimed to be the earliest known human being. The finds were made in a gravel pit in the village of Piltdown in Sussex. (Dinosaur & Archaeology & Forgery & Fraud) ibid.
53,284. Since the 1950s several of Charles Dawson’s earlier archaeological finds have also been re-examined and proven to be forgeries. (Dinosaur & Archaeology & Forgery & Fraud) ibid.
53,285. The most daring fraud in the history of science. (Dinosaur & Archaeology & Forgery & Fraud) ibid.
53,286. Dragons of the prime
That tear each other in the slime. Alfred Lord Tennyson
53,287. We are talking about an object roughly fifteen kilometres in diameter ... I think it’s probable it was a comet. (Dinosaur & Comet) Gene Shoemaker, US Geological Survey
53,288. We’re here because they’re not. Dr Dan Durda, planetary scientist
53,289. We think it was an object about six miles in diameter coming in at about twelve miles a second. Which would cause an impact energy of about sixty-five million mega-tons of TNT. Don Yeomans, NASA/JPL
53,290. The apocalyptic event has been called the K-T Extinction, because of a thin band of geological signatures dating to that time all over the world, known as the Cretaceous Tertiary, or K-T boundary. It separates the age of reptiles and the age of mammals. Dinosaur bones are not found above the K-T boundary. (Dinosaur & Extinction & Asteroid & Universe) The Universe s2e12: Cosmic Collisions, 2008
53,291. In the 1990s a Mexican oil company found the smoking gun. While drilling off the Yucatan peninsula they discovered a hundred-mile-wide impact crater buried under water beneath three thousand feet of limestone. Analysis of the rock confirmed the crater had been formed by an asteroid. (Dinosaur & Extinction & Asteroid & Universe) ibid.
64,114. For as long as Earth has existed, comets and asteroids have been crashing into it. Soon after its formation about four and a half billion years ago our planet became a frequent target in a cosmic shooting gallery. According to the Earth Impact Database more than one hundred and sixty impact craters have been identified. The largest is one called Chicxulub, Mayan for Tail of the Devil. This crater measures more than one hundred and seventy kilometres in diameter. It was made by the asteroid that killed the dinosaurs when it crashed in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. (Asteroid & Dinosaur & Comet & Universe) The Universe s3e8: Stopping Armageddon, 2009