The Universe TV - Michio Kaku - Carl Sagan TV - Solar Empire TV - Jay Melosh - Journey to the Edge of the Universe TV - Brian Cox TV - Earth's Evil Twin TV - David Grinspoon - Stephen Hawking - How the Universe Works TV - Jim Al Khalili: Secrets of the Solar System TV -
2,887. Venus and Mercury: two hostile planets that in the history of universe have suffered very different fates ... Both demonstrate the horrors of the planets that have gone horribly wrong. (Universe & Astronomy & Solar System & Venus & Mercury) The Universe: Inner Planets
2,888. It turns out Venus is less an exotic sister to Earth and more like an evil twin. (Universe & Astronomy & Solar System & Venus) ibid.
2,889. As a result of this retrograde rotation the sun rises in the west and sets in the east. (Universe & Astronomy & Solar System & Venus) ibid.
2,890. Venus is the hottest planet in the whole solar system. (Universe & Astronomy & Solar System & Venus) ibid.
2,891. Carbon Dioxide – CO2 – makes up 95% of the Venuvian atmosphere. (Universe & Astronomy & Solar System & Venus & Carbon Dioxide) ibid.
2,892. Venus has many more active volcanoes than we do. (Universe & Astronomy & Solar System & Venus & Volcano) ibid.
2,893. The atmospheric pressure on Venus is 90 times greater than Earth. (Universe & Astronomy & Solar System & Venus) ibid.
92,603. Life itself may actually exist in other types of truly weird clouds. Venus: the second planet from our sun has a hot hellish surface. Yet strangely the temperature in its cloud which hover at an altitude of about thirty miles could be cool enough for life to exist. (Venus & Life) The Universe: Strange Things
92,604. Life as we know it needs water. The clouds of Venus contain water in the form of concentrated sulphuric acid. (Venus & Life) ibid.
92,605. Venus: despite all of its romantic connotations it still has some truly horrific weather conditions. Oppressive heat with greenhouse effect gone wild. This is one planet continually trying to cool itself off with no success. The Universe: Wildest Weather in the Cosmos
92,606. These toxic rains are some of the worst you will find in space. ibid.
92,607. With carbon dioxide trapped for ever in the atmosphere it has a greenhouse effect gone wild. All that heat creates condensation. And clouds thick with sulphuric acid. ibid.
92,601. Here’s the irony. Venus is named from the goddess of beauty. The source of the beauty of Venus is one of the most potent acids known to science. In other words women are not from Venus. Professor Michio Kaku, author Physics of the Impossible
115,557. We had a picture of Venus revealed. And boy, were we shocked! We found a scarred surface, a volcanic surface. (Universe & Volcano & Venus) Michio Kaku, How the Universe Works s2e1: Volcanoes: The Furnaces of Life, Discovery 2012
92,602. The clouds turn out to be not water but a concentrated solution of sulphuric acid. Even in the high clouds Venus is a thoroughly nasty place. The clouds are stained yellow by sulphur. There are great lightning storms. Professor Carl Sagan & Ann Druyan, Cosmos: Heaven and Hell 1979
92,608. Venus is a dead suffocating super-greenhouse ... It hides behind thick clouds ... Venus has a parched rocky surface borne from ancient volcanism, remnants of old lava flows now broken into boulders. Solar Empire: A Star is Born
92,609. Venus has some of the largest volcanoes anywhere in the solar system. And furthermore the lava flows are planet-wide. (Venus & Volcano) Jay Melosh, planetary scientist University of Arizona
92,610. The Venus Express space probe is telling us these dazzling clouds are made of deadly sulphuric acid. That the planet’s atmosphere is choked with carbon dioxide. Journey to the Edge of the Universe
92,611. It’s the brightest point of light in our night sky. So similar in size to our own world this planet has been called Earth’s twin. This is Venus: orbiting closer to the sun Venus was named for its shining beauty. But our planetary twin hides its true identity beneath a thick blanket of cloud. Over the last four and a half billion years Venus has turned into an unimaginably oppressive world. The atmosphere is so dense that the pressure is crushing – it’s ninety times the atmospheric pressure than on Earth. Professor Brian Cox, Wonders of the Solar System: Dead or Alive
92,612. It’s covered with floods of solid lava just like we see in India but on a scale many thousands of times larger. We’ve also counted over fifty thousand volcanoes. The most on any planet in the solar system. Venus is a similar size to Earth. ibid.
127,688. The night sky is ablaze with stars, hundreds of billions in our galaxy alone, many larger, brighter and more majestic than our sun. On the scale of galaxies and stars, the planets of our solar system are little more than grains of sand caught momentarily in the light of the sun. But on those motes of dust for over four billion years great stories have played out unseen. (Planets & Solar System & Mercury & Venus) Brian Cox The Planets I, BBC 2019
127,689. Today, Mercury is the closest of all, enduring the sun’s full glare. Further out, lies Venus, choked by a thick atmosphere. Then, Venus’s neighbour Earth. And farthest of all, Mars, a cold desert world. Together they form the only rocky so-called terrestrial planets in the solar system. (Planets & Solar System & Mercury & Venus) ibid.
127,690. Each appears to have a moment when it enjoyed almost Earth-like conditions. Every one of our rocky neighbours has a story of what might have been. (Planets & Solar System & Mercury & Venus) ibid.
127,692. The orbits of the planets are not stable over very long timescales. (Planets & Solar System & Mercury & Venus) ibid.
127,694. Venus 108 million killometres from the Sun: A world which at first sight has the potential to be much more Earth-like … Venus is a vision of hell where no life can survive. (Planets & Solar System & Venus) ibid.
92,613. Venus: Earth’s evil twin: its clouds made of battery acid; at almost 500° Celsius its surface is hot enough to melt lead. Earth’s Evil Twin
92,614. A hostile desert. Lots of dust. And no water. Venus resembles its twin Earth in many ways. Similar in size and composition they were probably formed from the same cloud of gas over four billion years ago. ibid.
92,615. The surface is so hot rocks glow in the dark. ibid.
92,616. There’s a giant upside-down twin tornado permanently existing at the pole of Venus. David Grinspoon, Denver Museum of Nature & Science
92,617. Earth might one day soon resemble the planet Venus. Stephen Hawking
115,767. Our galaxy a billion years from now. A planet shrouded in turbulence and dense clouds. Buried deep below an alien landscape. The surface scorched, the temperatue sky-high, the pressure unbearable. This is not a distance extraterrestrial world: this is Earth, this is our future. We know it to be true because Earth has a twin: Venus. And Venus has already descended into Hell. (Universe & Venus) How the Universe Works s4e2: Venus: Earth’s Evil Twin
115,768. Venus: the stuff of nightmares. The conditions on Venus are amongst the most inhospitable in the solar system. (Universe & Venus) ibid.
115,769. Venus once harboured oceans. (Universe & Venus) ibid.
115,770. ‘Venus has tens of thousands of volcanoes.’ (Universe & Venus) ibid. Phil Plait
134,271. Chinese astronomers were among the first to record the sun’s behaviour some two thousand eight hundred years ago. They noted that dark patches sometimes appeared on its surface and then disappeared. (Solar System & Sun) Jim Al-Khalili, Secrets of the Solar System II: Sun & Mercury
134,272. Hale established that there were strong magnetic fields in sunspots on the Sun’s surface. (Solar System & Sun) ibid.
134,273. ‘If it’s that hot, why does the gas stay on the Sun?’ (Solar Systen & Sun) ibid. Matthew Genge, planetary scientist
134,274. [Eugene] Parker thought differently: ‘I realised that we had a supersonic expansion of the outer atmosphere of the Sun.’ (Solar System & Sun) ibid.
134,275. ‘A Carrington-level event has been predicted now to cause trillions of dollars’ worth of damage, could wipe out power-grids.’ (Solar System & Sun) ibid. planetary scientist
134,276. Messenger orbited Mercury every twelve hours. In the four years from 2011 to 2015 it took more than 200,000 images of its surface. (Solar System & Mercury) ibid.
134,277. ‘We figured out the reason Venus is so bright and apparently featureless is because it’s completely covered in clouds.’ (Solar System & Venus) Jim Al-Khalili, Secrets of the Solar System III: Venus: Living Hell? David Grinspoon
134,278. Before 1975 no human had ever seen an image from the surface of another planet, let alone Venus … a Russian mission. (Solar System & Venus) ibid.
134,279. Venus was found to have a very odd rotation. The planet seemed to be rotating backwards very slowly. A day on Venus is longer than its year. (Solar System & Venus) ibid.
134,280. Mariner 2 also made another startling discovery: there could be a hint that all was not well with Earth’s twin. Unlike our planet with its north and south magnetic poles, Venus doesn’t have any significant magnetic field. (Solar System & Venus) ibid.
134,281. Magellan provided an unprecedented view of the Venusian surface … a world of volcanoes of all kinds. (Solar System & Venus & Volcano) ibid.
134,282. But down at the surface of Venus, things are altogether much calmer and deeply weird. (Solar System & Venus) ibid.
134,283. Can we terraform Venus? (Solar System & Venus) ibid.