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Little Alice fell
bumped her head
and bruised her soul. Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland
Florida: a place where the earth opened up and killed a man. Professor Iain Stewart, Horizon: Swallowed by a Sinkhole, BBC 2014
February 2013 creating a sinkhole ... Sinkholes don’t just happen in Florida – they’re occurring all over the world. ibid.
It is reckoned there are several thousand of these sink-hole lakes across the State of Florida. ibid.
That acid [rain] is slowly dissolving the whole state. ibid.
In the heart of downtown Miami between the skyscrapers and hotels lies a mystery. Something extraordinary was recently discovered here. Strange holes in the ground. These holes are worth $27 million. They don’t contain oil or gold. But something much more intriguing. These holes could be the most exciting find in America for decades. Or they could be a costly mistake. Horizon: The Mystery of the Miami Circle, BBC 2001
Below the fill was a layer of ancient refuse, or midden. It was evidence of prehistoric life. But this was just the start. What they were about to find would exceed their wildest expectations. As they carried on digging a bizarre feature came to light. They had found strange round holes pock-marking the surface of the limestone bed-rock. The rock is porous and easily eroded, so these could be normal erosion holes. Or could they be man-made? ibid.
Riggs was right: underneath his line was a complete circle of basins cut into the rock. The archaeologists believed they may have found something truly remarkable. The remains of a mysterious ancient monument. Perhaps it was the legacy of a long-lost people. ibid.
Was the Circle two thousand years old? Or the most expensive mistake in archaeology? ibid.
Was it really the Tequesta who built the circle? ... Perhaps this was a place of religious significance. So what kind of structure was the Circle? ... A building on stilts made perfect sense ... It is possible to reconstruct what this Tequesta village looked like. ibid.
The remains of shellfish once eaten on the site were carbon dated. The results were sensational. The earliest date is 730 B.C. This means that the settlement could have been founded 2,700 years ago. What has been discovered has changed our entire view of the people who once lived here. ibid.
My wife was in the chancel arranging flowers. And I came to see her. Walked up this path. And when I came to this point I found that there was a hole in the path ... I merely thought that there had merely been subsidence ... In that short time the hole had become considerably larger ... I told him [local building] what had happened; we came round the corner of the Church to this path but when we got here there was no hole at all. The path was quite intact as you see now. Reverend Alfred Byles, Yealampton, late 1940s
Florida 2011: sinkhole victim Carla Chapman is nearly swallowed alive when the earth opens up beneath her feet in her own backyard. Sinkholes: Swallowed Alive, National Geographic 2014
Sinkholes are unpredictable. Catastrophic. Deadly. Not long ago sinkholes were considered a freak occurrence ... What is causing the rash of sinkholes? ibid.
They can occur suddenly and catastrophically. They have swallowed cars, animals and even people. They have destroyed homes and for an unlucky few have become graves: these are sinkholes. Sinkholes: Buried Alive, Channel 5 2015
Sinkholes are a geologic formation caused by the erosion of bedrock. ibid.
The so-called Band of Holes located in the Pisco Valley is a complete mystery ... The holes are about three feet apart and measure six to seven feet in depth. There are thousands of them. Ancient Aliens s1e3: The Mission A&E 2010
The Band of Holes ... here thousands of holes of varying dimensions and depths have been dug into the Earth in an interesting pattern. In Search of Aliens s1e9: The Mystery of Nazca, H2 2014
In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit. J R R Tolkien, The Hobbit, 1937
There are hundreds of these sink-holes in this area. Richard Hammond’s Journey to the Centre of the Planet, BBC 2011
An unexplored labyrinth … Giant holes in the ground hundreds of metres wide and big enough to contain unexplored subterranean forests. Earth’s Giant Hole, National Geographic 2013
Tiankeng: there are more here than anywhere else on Earth. ibid.
Johnson has revelled in the hole behind Dwight York. Carling Premiership online headline
Keyholes are the occasions of more sin and wickedness, than all other holes in this world put together. Laurence Sterne, The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
Sinkholes are swallowing up Naples with alarming regularity. Italy’s Invisible Cities: Naples, BBC 2017
It’s a pretty active earthquake zone … A huge hole … water is actively getting sucked out. Secrets of the Underground s1e4, Discovery 2017
Further up the Pacific coast a hole seems to be draining the Ocean. Secrets of the Underground s1e6
Sinkholes: they can be sudden, catastrophic and deadly. And their numbers are rising all over the world even Britain. With holes hitting the headlines time and time again. But some places have more sinkholes than others. Sinkholes s1e1: Buried Underground, Channel 5 2017
Florida is the sinkhole capital of the world. ibid.
When a gypsum cavern collapses it can be sudden and catastrophic. ibid.
1Many are as the result of human activity especially here in Britain … Many of those sinkholes are as the result of mining. Sinkholes s1e2: Sucked Under
‘There are 170,000+ coal mine shafts in this country.’ ibid. Tom Backhouse, geologist
The bayou [Corne] is not supposed to bubble; this was a sign that something was very wrong … In this case mining for salt … This is now the deepest lake in Louisiana. ibid.
Russia: it grew so large it can be seen from space. ibid.
Take action before its too late: something that back in 2015 the residents in this quiet suburb of St Albans failed to do. Sinkholes s1e3: Sucked to Death
The hole will keep swallowing land until it is full. So to stop it getting wider the hole needs to stabilise. And tons and tons of rock is a good way to do it. ibid.
A man goes missing suddenly sucked into the bowels of the Earth. Could a rare and deadly natural phenomenon be responsible for his disappearance? … 2013: a man vanishes from his own bedroom … The Seffner event is a deadly mystery … The hole is alarmingly unstable … Across the world there are similar shocking events … They are called sinkhholes. Mysteries of the Missing s1e6: Roanoke, Discovery 2017
I felt like I was in a hole so deep I could go fracking. Molly’s Game 2017 starring Jessica Chastain & Samantha Isler & Piper Howell & Idris Elba & Kevin Costner & Michael Cera & Brain d’Arcy James & Chris O’Down & J C Mackenzie & Bill Camp & Graham Greene & Jeremy Strong et al, director Aaron Sorkin
This isn’t a hole. It’s where you go when you die. I’m Not Scared 2003 starring Giuseppe Cristiano & Mattia di Pierro & Giulia Matturo & Aitana Sanchez-Gijon & Dino Abbrescia & Diego Abatantuono & Fabio Tetta & Stefano Biase & Fabio Antonacci et al, director Gabriele Salvatores, Filippo