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Elements
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★ Elements

Elements: see Atom & Particle & Chemistry & Matter & Electron & Physics & Universe & Science & Proton & Nuclear & Force & Oxygen & Uranium & Sulphur

Aristotle - Albert Einstein - Genius of Britain TV - Lawrence Krauss - Jim Al-Khalili TV - Timothy Leary - Brian Cox TV - The Universe TV - Jacob Bronowski TV - Star Trek TV - Star Trek: Voyager TV - Chris Mitton - Leonardo da Vinci - Michael Mosley TV - Birth of the Universe TV - Nova TV - Dmitri Mendleev - Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier - Lawrence Krauss - Stephen Hawking TV - How the Universe Works TV - Helen Czerski TV - Richard Dawkins - Genius of Britain TV - Mark Miodownik: Secrets of the Super-Elements TV -      

 

 

71,186.  Element – one of those bodies into which other bodies can decompose, and that itself is not capable of being divided into other.  Aristotle

 

 

2,414.  It can scarcely be denied that the supreme goal of all theory is to make the irreducible basic elements as simple and as few as possible without having to surrender the adequate representation of a single datum of experience.  (Science & Theory & Elements & Experience)  Albert Einstein, The Herbert Spencer Lecture 10th June 1933

 

 

2,567.  Joseph Priestley is credited with identifying ten different gasses.  (Science & Gas & Elements & Great Britain)  Genius of Britain II: A Roomful of Brilliant Minds, Channel 4 2012

 

 

2,635.  Every atom in your body came from a star that exploded. And, the atoms in your left hand probably came from a different star than your right hand.  It really is the most poetic thing I know about physics: You are all stardust. You couldn’t be here if stars hadn’t exploded, because the elements – the carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, iron, all the things that matter for evolution and for life – weren’t created at the beginning of time.  They were created in the nuclear furnaces of stars, and the only way for them to get into your body is if those stars were kind enough to explode.  So, forget Jesus.  The stars died so that you could be here today.  (Science & Atom & Star & Elements & Supernova)  Lawrence M Krauss

 

 

2,907.  A few minutes were all Gamov needed.  In that time all the hydrogen and almost all the helium was made.  That’s about 98% of all the atoms in the universe today.  Or as Gamov put it, our universe was cooked in less time that it takes to cook a dish of duck and roast potatoes.  (Universe & Cosmology & Hydrogen & Helium & Elements & Big Bang)  Professor Jim Al-Khalili, Atom: The Key to the Cosmos

 

49,154.  Hydrogen which is the simplest element consists of just one sphere which Rutherford called a proton (which is the Greek word for first).  All the other elements are made by adding more protons to the nucleus.  It’s as simple as that.  So helium which is the second lightest element comprises of two protons; lithium has three; carbon which is the element that is the basis for all life has six protons; the oxygen that we breathe has eight.  And uranium which is the heaviest naturally occurring element has ninety-two protons.  (Atom & Element)  ibid.

 

71,183.  Fred Hoyle’s great insight was to work out precisely how the heaviest elements are created through nuclear fusion.  Hoyle worked out that this process can only take place at unimaginably high pressures and temperatures of millions of degrees centigrade.  In our universe there’s only one place such conditions exist: in stars.  (Elements & Star & Supernova)  ibid.

    

71,184.  When the largest stars run out of hydrogen to fuse hydrogen into helium they come to the end of their lives.  And they collapse under the weight of their own gravity.  And then explode outwards.  In a blinding flash of inspiration Hoyle and his colleague William Fowler realised that supernovae might be the hottest places in the universe.  Hot enough to fuse together even the heaviest of atoms.  Hoyle and Fowler had found the furnaces in which everything was made.  (also Supernovae)  ibid.

 

 

49,141.  This is the story of the greatest scientific discovery ever: the discovery that everything is made of atoms.  The vast variety and richness of everything we see around us in the world and beyond, how it’s built up, how it all fits together, is all down to atoms and the mysterious laws they obey.  (Atomic & Chemistry & Element)  Professor Jim Al-Khalili, Chemistry: A Volatile History 

 

66,752.  It’s only in the last two-hundred years that we’ve known what an element is: it’s a substance that can’t be broken down into a simpler one by a chemical reaction.  (Atom & Chemistry & Element)  ibid.    

 

66,753. John Dalton’s idea in the early 1800s that elements had different atomic weights was dismissed by many scientists.  (Atom & Chemistry & Element)  ibid.

 

66,754.  Today we know Newland’s Law of Octaves as the Law of Periodicity.  (Atom & Chemistry & Element)  ibid.

 

66,755.  There are more known compounds of carbon than any other element.  (Atom & Chemistry & Element)  ibid.

 

 

2,997.  We seem to inhabit a universe made up of a small number of elements – particles – bits that swirl in chaotic clouds, occasionally clustering together in geometrically logical temporary configurations.  (Universe & Elements & Chaos & Particle)  Timothy Leary, Chaos and Cyber Culture
 

 

3,478.  The core will start to collapse very rapidly leaving a shell, leaving hydrogen and helium behind ... The creation process of Carbon and Oxygen is over in the blink of an eye.  (Star & Hydrogen & Helium & Carbon & Oxygen & Elements)  Professor Brian Cox, Wonders of the Universe: Stardust 2/4 BBC 2011

 

3,480.  Twenty-six elements: what of the remaining elements, some of which are vital to life?  (Star & Elements)  ibid. 

 

42,737.  Strange – because it isn’t particularly useful for anything ... All the gold mined from the Earth in the whole of human history will only just fill three Olympic-sized swimming pools.  And it’s that scarcity that makes gold valuable.  But gold is only one of many rare elements.  (Gold & Elements)  ibid.

 

 

90,279.  Scientists are convinced that supernovas are much more significant than spectacular mere light shows.  It is thought they are in fact the source of all the heavy elements that make up everything around us.  (Supernova & Elements)  The Universe s1e10, Life and Death of a Star, 2007

 

 

3,580.  A colossal nuclear reactor comprised of three-quarters hydrogen – the rest mostly helium with traces of heavier elements ... This process called Fusion gives off radiant energy.  (Sun & Hydrogen & Helium & Elements & Nuclear)  The Universe: Dark Future of Our Sun

 

 

5,831.  What makes these family likenesses among the elements?  (Evolution & Elements & Humanity)  Jacob Bronowski, The Ascent of Man: World Within World 10/13

 

5,832.  What distinguished Mendeleev was not only genius but a passion for the elements.  They became his personal friends.  (Evolution & Elements & Humanity)  ibid.

 

5,833.  Each element has a characteristic atomic weight.  (Evolution & Elements & Humanity)  ibid.

 

5,834. Mendeleev didn’t have all the elements: 63 out of the total of 92 were known.  (Evolution & Elements & Humanity)  ibid.

 

 

24,079.  Spock:  Pure Tritanium.

 

Kirk:  Fantastic.  Twenty times as hard as diamond.  (Star Trek & Elements)  Star Trek: Obsession s2e13

 

 

25,102.  48623.5  There are two hundred and forty-six elements known to Federation science.  We believe we have just discovered the two hundred and forty-seventh inside the ring system of a Class D planet.  (Star Trek & Elements)  Star Trek: Voyager: Emanations s1e9

 

 

71,170.  Hoyle’s achievement was to teach us that everything after Helium in the Periodic Table is  actually stardust.  It’s in the stars where these things were made.  Chris Mitton, author Conflict in the Universe

 

 

71,171.  All the elements

Will be seen

Mixed together with a

Great disturbance,

Running now to

The centre of the Earth,

Now to the sky

Sometimes from

East to west,

And similarly

From this hemisphere

To the other.  Leonardo da Vinci

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