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Edward IV & Edward the Fourth
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★ Edward IV & Edward the Fourth

Edward IV & Edward the Fourth: see Edward III & Richard III & England & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower

Mystery Files TV - Michael K Jones - Peter O'Donoghue - David Starkey TV - Philippa Gregory TV - Dan Jones TV -

 

 

85,712.  The disappearance of the two sons of Edward IV, successors to his throne, is the most infamous unsolved mystery in British royal history.  Since his death, King Richard III has been accused of their murders and vilified by the monarchs who succeeded him.  Even William Shakespeare immortalises Richard as a deformed usurper seizing the Crown of England amidst an ocean of blood included that of his nephews.  But modern historians confess that this portrayal is riddled with inaccuracies.  (Edward IV & Richard III & England & Assassination)  Mystery Files: Princes in the Tower 

 

 

85,715.  Once Richard has taken the throne, in a strictly legal sense the Princes in the Tower are no longer a threat to him, because as bastards they have become irrelevant to the succession.  (Murder & Richard III & Edward IV & England)  Dr Michael K Jones, author Bosworth 1485 Psychology of a Battle

 

 

85,716.  What I’ve got here is an annals written by we think a London merchant, a London citizen ... Under 1482-3 which it says: ‘This year King Edward IV’s sons were put to death in the Tower of London by the vice of the Duke of Buckingham’.  (Murder & Edward IV & England & Assassination)  Peter O’Donoghue, The Royal College of Arms

 

 

112,821.  He seized the throne and ruled as King Edward IV; Henry was captured … But then his own followers started to quarrel … A total and final defeat for the house of Lancaster … Henry VI was dispatched with a blow of the head.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VI & Edward IV)  Monarchy by David Starkey s1e6: Death of a Dynasty  

 

 

112,824.  By the mid-1470s Elizabeth had presented Edward [IV] with five daughters and crucially two sons.  (Monarchy & England & Edward IV)  Monarchy by David Starkey s2e1: The Crown Imperial, Channel 4 2005

 

 

98,361.  1471: A new England is being forged in the fire of civil war.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  Philippa Gregory, The Real White Queen and Her Rivals II

 

98,362.  They are the founders of our nation just as much as their more-famous men.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.

 

98,363.  ‘She [Margaret] plays the game of divided loyalties very effectively: she’s protected by her Yorkish husbands and is at the same time covertly working for her Lancastrian son.  But King Edward’s victory was a disaster for her.  Forcing her son Henry Tudor to flee into exile in France.’  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.  Lisa Hilton

 

98,364.  The York dynasty had an extraordinary capacity for self- destruction.  And its downfall would begin with Anne Neville.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.  

 

98,365.  It looks as though Elizabeth had no option but to release her child into the hands of her enemies … I think she handed over a servant boy muffled up in a scarf.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.

 

98,347.  The two boys in the tower were never seen again.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.  

 

98,348.  July 6th 1483 in Westminster Abbey Richard had himself crowned king of England.  At his side his wife Anne.  Queen at last.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.  

 

98,349.  They were all using each other.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.

 

98.350.  If Richard didn’t kill them, then who did?  The other person with a clear motive was Elizabeth Beaufort.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.  

 

98,351.  The rumours were truly scandalous: that Richard was courting his niece the princess under the very nose of his wife.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.

 

98,352.  Elizabeth Woodville gave her daughter in marriage to the family that may have killed her sons.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Scandal & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.

 

98,353.  It was Margaret Beaufort who shaped the Tudor dynasty.  (England & Richard III & Edward IV & Assassinations: Princes in the Tower)  ibid.

 

 

96,775.  Nearly six hundred years ago England was torn apart by a series of bloody battles for the throne.  In just thirty years the Crown changed hands seven times.  Tens of thousands were slaughtered.  It was one of the most turbulent and violent periods in British history: it’s known as the Wars of the Roses.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  Dan Jones, Britain’s Bloody Crown I, Channel 5 2016 

 

96,776.  … Henry [VI] gave another of his cousins the job of managing England for him – Lord Somerset.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.  

 

96,777.  York’s absolutely certain that he should be in charge; Margaret’s absolutely certain she should be in charge … York storms out of London and begins to gather troops.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.

 

96,778.  Richard Duke of York has come to London expecting to be made Lord Protector of England.  He has accused the Queen’s man Somerset of treason and demanded to take his place in charge of England.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.  

 

96,780.  Henry VI has woken after a year in a catatonic stupor.  Queen Margaret’s ally Somerset is immediately released from the Tower.  It’s a disaster for the Duke of York.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.

 

96,783.  Margaret’s troops march north … Margaret outnumbers York two to one … She brings the king along for legitimacy.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.  

 

96,784.  Less than a year later, his great ally Warwick attacks the royal army at Northampton.  Queen Margaret escapes … York has made his decision – he’s going to take the Crown … They take the Queen’s revenge.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.

 

 

97,013.  1461: Britain’s weakest King, Henry VI, is barely clinging to power.  Richard Duke of York has been killed trying to snatch the throne from him.  Three months later, York’s son Edward takes his revenge on the King.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  Dan Jones, Britain’s Bloody Crown II

 

97,014.  In May 1465 Elizabeth Woodville is crowned Queen of England.  All the great Nobles attend except one.  The Earl of Warwick.  The Kingmaker.  It’s a direct snub to the King and his new Queen.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.

 

97,016.  Redesdale demands the Queen’s family, the Woodvilles, are removed from power.  King Edward heads north to crush him.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.

 

97,017.  After ten years in captivity, Edward releases Henry VI from the Tower.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.

 

 

97,018.  Henry VI is back on the throne of England.  It’s not going well.  In March 1471 Edward IV lands in Yorkshire claiming that he only wants his Dukedom returned.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  Dan Jones, Britain’s Bloody Crown III: The Princes Must Die

 

97,019.  Henry died … Edward has had him killed.  (England & Henry VI & Edward IV & English Civil Wars)  ibid.