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★ Textiles

Textiles: see Cotton & Wool & Factory & Manufacturing & Industrial Revolution & Steam & Industry & Linen & Clothes

Mysteries of the Bible TV - Michael Wood TV - Mark Williams TV - Ronald Top TV - A N Wilson - Noam Chomsky - Ezra Miller - Lawrence Summers - Niall Ferguson TV - Jago Cooper TV - Robert Peston TV - Misha Glenny - Robert Tressell - Dispatches TV -   

 

 

12,092.  In 1999 archaeologists uncovered textile remnants dating from 3150 B.C. at Bab edh-Dhra, a possible site of Sodom & Gomorrah.  The discovery marks the site area as the earliest centre of mass textile production in the Near East.  (Bible & Old Testament & Sodom & Gomorrah & Textiles)  Mysteries of the Bible: Cities of Evil: Sodom & Gomorrah s1e4

 

 

30,177.  1960: 533,000 textile workers; 1978: 209,000 textile workers; 1960: 700,000 miners; 1998: 9,000 miners in the UK.  (Great Britain & England & Mining & Textiles)  Michael Wood, The Great British Story: A People’s History 8/8

 

 

48,114.  Steam power had finally arrived in the textile industry.  And this is what the boilers are generating steam for: it’s a tandem – because there are two cylinders one in front of the other like a bike – compound – because the steam is used more than once – condensing – because downstairs is James Watt’s separate condenser – creating a partial vacuum in this the big cylinder – steam engine!  It develops five hundred horsepower.  (Steam & Engine & Textile & Cotton & Factory & Manufacturing & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England)  Mark Williams: Industrial Revelations: Pennine Passage

 

48,115.  Because this is what it’s driving – three hundred power looms.  You can get an idea of how loud it is, but you can’t feel the concrete floor vibrating ... Now everything is powered by steam.  (Steam & Engine & Textile & Cotton & Factory & Manufacturing & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

 

49,188.  One of the glories of the industrial revolution for which we should all get down on our knees and give thanks was that people went from wearing this to this: in the nineteenth century we will be mostly wearing cotton undergarments.  Cotton wasn’t just more comfortable, it was more healthy too.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & England & Great Britain)  Mark Williams, Industrial Revelations: Pants for Everyone

 

49,189.  All of a sudden cotton was cheap.  And that was a revolution.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

49,190.  Cotton – much more difficult to spin than wool.  Has a short staple length ... The Spinning Jenny worked on the same principle as the Spinning Wheel ... The Jenny took cotton out of the home and into the workshops, sounding the death-knell for spinning as a cottage industry.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & Factory & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

49,191.  They smashed the new machines and rioted and people died.  So if you wanted to make a profit from this new technology you had to protect your investment.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & Factory & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

49,192.  Cromford was to become Britain’s spin-city.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & Factory & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

49,193.  Beautiful patterned cotton from India was all the rage.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

49,194.  Cotton could now be spun in mills on Arkwright’s frames using cheap unskilled labour and the latest water-powered technology.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & Factory & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

49,195.  It had made Arkwright an extremely wealthy man and turned spinners into factory employees ... The people who worked in this mill couldn’t stop and start, come and go as they pleased as they used to when they worked from home: they were now factory employees.  And they worked when Arkwright told them.  Just imagine the noise.  Arkwright was the prototype mill owner.  These are his workers’ houses.  He invented most of the oppressive working practices we now associate with the bad old days, making women and children work from six in the morning until seven at night for a pittance.  And once a year he made his workers sing his song: ‘Let us all here join as one, and give him thanks for favours done.  Let’s thank him for all favours still that he hath done beside the mill.  Modestly drink liquor about and see whose health you can find out.  This will I choose above the rest – Sir Richard Arkwright is the best.’  Was he really!  It better have been a good tune.  (Cotton & Textiles & Industrial Revolution & Manufacturing & Factory & England & Great Britain)  ibid.

 

 

90,852.  Soon entrepreneurs started building factories to house the stocking frames ... These frame-knitter workshops with their high long windows to let in light were all built together around 1820.  (Textiles & Tailor & Protest & Factory)  Mark Williams: More Industrial Revelations: What to Wear?

 

90,853.  The knitters took their employers to court with little effect.  So, under the mythical leadership of one General Lud well-organised gangs of knitters smashed the frames of any employers who broke the law.  (Textiles & Tailor & Protest & Factory)  ibid.

 

90,854.  A sewing machine did away with ten tailors.  (Textiles & Tailor & Protest & Factory)  ibid.

 

 

48,116.  By the 1760s they could use a Spinning Jenny: a glorified spinning wheel with several spindles: but even it couldn’t keep up with demand.  (Steam & Engine & Textile & Cotton & Factory & Manufacturing & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England)  Ronald Top, More Industrial Revelations: Europe - Cotton, Linen and Rope

 

48,117.  Arkwright built a series of mills across the north of England.  This is Cromford: the first.  His appetite for cotton was insatiable.  (Steam & Engine & Textile & Cotton & Factory & Manufacturing & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

 

49,214.  Two Englishmen, father and son, transformed the textile and iron industries of northern Europe.  It’s a story of espionage and intrigue ... William Cockerill was born in 1759 ... One of the British machines Cockerill built was the Spinning Jenny.  (Textiles & Industrial Revolution)  Ronald Top, Industrial Revelations: The European Story: Industrial Espionage e7

 

 

88,456.  They realised Jacquard’s system could be applied to any fabric; they decided to use it.  And by 1833 the British had over a hundred thousand looms based on Jacquard’s system, driving the world’s biggest textile trade.  (Silk & Industrial Revolution & Textile)  Ronald Top, Industrial Revelations: The European Story s1e10 

 

 

49,206.  In the 18th century, James Hargreaves invented the Spinning Jenny, and Richard Arkwright pioneered the water-propelled spinning frame which led to the mass production of cotton.  This was truly revolutionary.  The cotton manufacturers created a whole new class of people – the urban proletariat.  The structure of society itself would never be the same.  (Cotton & Factory & Manufacture & Textile & Industrial Revolution & Great Britain & England & Engineering)  A N Wilson

 

 

49,215.  I remember at the age of five travelling on a trolley car with my mother past a group of women on a picket line at a textile plant, seeing them being viciously beaten by security people.  So that kind of thing stayed with me.  (Textile & Strike & Industrial Action)  Noam Chomsky

 

 

49,216.  I guess the big thing is that I don’t buy anything first-hand.  It’s a personal policy I have for all sorts of reasons.  If you research to the textile industry yourself, you’ll know why.  I came to it personally.  (Textile & Clothes)  Ezra Miller

 

 

49,217.  There are children who are working in textile businesses in Asia who would be prostitutes on the streets if they did not have those jobs.  Lawrence Summers

 

 

61,515.  China’s began with a massive investment in textile manufacture.  (Civilisation & Consumerism & Fashion & China & Textiles)  Niall Ferguson, Civilisation: Is the West History? V Consumerism

     

 

89,122.  Their beautiful textiles.  (South America & Peru & Textiles)  Dr Jago Cooper, Lost Kingdoms of South America I: People of the Clouds  

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