Cindy van Dover - William Shakespeare - Mark Miodownik TV - Secret History of Humans TV -
6,031. There is no other known snail that has a metal fortified shell. Even in the animal kingdom we don’t know of anything else that has a metal fortified shell. The animals have spent evolutionary time honing the composition of a shell to make it deflect predators, to make it strong. So it’s like having armour, right. Here’s this little animals that sits in this warm water that’s coming out, this metal ridge, and it’s sitting there mining these metals. (Evolution & Animal & Metal & Snail & Life) Professor Cindy van Dover, marine biologist Duke University North Carolina
80,952. Here’s metal more attractive. William Shakespeare, Hamlet III ii 117
110,042. We’ve transformed matter to create the world that we live in. Mark Miodownik, Metal: How It Works I, BBC 2017
110,043. The story of how materials have driven human civilisation from the stage age to the silicon age is the most exciting story in science. ibid.
110,044. Everything around us is shaped by metal. Metal has driven human civilisation … and yet it’s mysterious stuff. ibid.
110,045. We’ve engineering this metal to have a memory. ibid.
110,046. With copper they could make strong tools better than they’d had before. ibid.
110,047. Metals are made of crystals … Atoms are arranged in a lattice structure but they’re not static … They can move, rearrange themselves. ibid.
110,048. The Romans were experts at manipulating iron. ibid.
110,049. Steel: the strong reliable metal the Victorian engineers needed to fulfil their ambitions. ibid.
110,050. Steel: He could make tons of the stuff in this – his Bessemer converter. ibid.
110,051. Aluminium would be the metal of the next century … Aluminium is three times lighter than steel. ibid.
110,052. Metals were dynamic crystals. ibid.
110,053. Super-alloys were some of the strongest metals we had every created. ibid.
135,525. Metal gives us tools, weapons, and engineering. But from the moment we first discovered it, we develop a need for metal … Metal production was first discovered over 7,000 years ago. (Humanity & Civilisation & Metal) Secret History of Humans VII: Man & Metals