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★ Coup

Coup: see Revolution & Fascism & Politics & War & Empire & Empire US & South America & Central America & CIA

Noam Chomsky - The Manchurian Candidate 2004 - The Last King of Scotland 2006 - Martin Summer - Daniel Ellsberg - John Buchanan - Major General Smedley Butler - Niccolo Machiavelli - A Very British Coup 1988 - Days that Shook the World TV - Corleone TV - Christopher Hitchens - The Trials of Henry Kissinger - Adam Curtis - Great Crimes and Trials TV - John Pilger - Paul Foot - Augusto Pinochet - Isabel Allende - Oliver Stone TV - Howard Hunt - Michael Moore - John Perkins - CIA Declassified TV - Larry Tye - Secrets of the CIA TV - Ana Elisa Osorio - Misha Glenny - Susan Williams - Tony Benn - The Walk 2015 - The Plot Against Harold Wilson TV - The Revolution Will Not Be Televised TV - The Battle of Chile 1976 - Wide Angle: Once Upon A Coup TV - Evolution of Evil TV - The Men Who Kiled Kennedy TV - Seven Days in May 1964 - In Search of History: The Plot to Overthrow FDR TV - Secrets of War TV - Document: Radio 4 - Coups R Us TV - A Dangerous Dynasty: House of Assad TV - How to Stage a Coup 2017 - KGB: The Sword & The Shield TV - Secret Wars Uncovered TV - CNN online - BBC News: Storming the Capitol TV - Storming the Capitol TV - Cold War Armageddon TV - Dictator's Rulebook TV - History's Most Hated TV - Abdication: A Very British Coup TV - Edward VIII: The Plot to Topple a King TV - Gus Casely-Hayford TV -

 

 

94,916.  In July 1990, President Cossiga of Italy called for an investigation of charges aired over state television that the CIA had paid Licio Gelli to foment terrorist activities in Italy in the late 1960s and 1970s.  Gelli was Grandmaster of the secret Propaganda Due (P2) Masonic lodge and had long been suspected of a leading role in terrorism and other criminal activities.  In those years, according to a 1984 report of the Italian Parliament, P2 and other neo-fascist groups, working closely with elements of the Italian military and secret services, were preparing a virtual coup to impose an ultra-right regime and to block the rising forces of the left.  (Italy & CIA & P2 Lodge & Gladio & Coup)  Noam Chomsky, Deterring Democracy

 

 

107,076.  40 years ago under Kennedy Brazil also had a populist president … At that time the Kennedy administration organised a military coup … It had a domino effect throughout the continent.  (Brazil & Coup & Kennedy)  Noam Chomsky, Merrimack College, The Onslaught Against Freedom and Democracy Led by the Bush Administration Reactionaries

 

 

109,374.  The CIA began to support right-wing parties – that didn’t work.  The supported an insurrection in 1957/58 – that was put down.  The US then turned to a classic technique for overthrowing civilian government – one that’s used over and over again – namely, cut off any aid or assistance or support to the government but maintain, even increase, military aid.  (Indonesia & Coup & CIA)  Noam Chomsky, lecture On East Timor, MOMA 16th November 1992

 

109,375.  1965 and then Suharto took over and then came this huge bloodbath … The biggest bloodbath since the holocaust.  (Indonesia & Coup & CIA)  ibid.  

 

 

21,043.  This isn’t an election; this is a coup.  (GBH Films & Mind Control & Brainwashing & Coup)  The Manchurian Candidate 2004 starring Denzel Washington & Meryl Street & Liev Schreiber & Kimberly Elise & Jon Voight & Vera Farmiga & Jeffrey Wright & Simon McBurney & Bruno Ganz et al, director Jonathan Demme, Denzel to Rosy

 

 

91,990.  The Army is taking over.  There is a coup.  Don't worry.  These are General Amin’s men.  He fights for the people.  (Uganda & Coup)  The Last King of Scotland 2006 starring Forest Witaker & Kerry Washington & James McAvoy & Gillian Anderson & Simon McBurney & David Oyelowo  & Apollo Okwenje Omamo & Shabir Mir et al, director Kevin MacDonald, woman on bus

 

91,991.  Have you any idea what's going on in this country, Dr Garrigan?  (Uganda & Coup)  ibid.

 

91,992.  His regime had killed more than 300,000 Ugandans.  (Uganda & Coup)  ibid.  caption

 

 

28,989.  In the 1930s there was an attempted coup against the democratically elected government of the US – Franklin Roosevelt – and was put a stop to by General Smedley Butler of the Marine Corp who just put his foot down and said, ‘We’re not having a coup against the elected government.’  And they kept it quiet.  As soon as they’d squashed the coup, Roosevelt’s view was let’s not frighten people by telling people what really happened here.  (United States of America & Coup & Conspiracy)  Martin Summer, On the Edge with Theo Chalmers & Tony Gosling

 

 

28,991.  Under Bush a military coup had taken place in the United States giving the Pentagon unprecedented powers.  (United States & Bush & Coup & Pentagon & War on Terror)  Daniel Ellsberg

 

 

32,734.  Some very shocking documents that I saw in the Library of Congress two weeks ago on August 9th and had to do with the Hearings from the McCormack/Dickstein Committee of November 1934 show that Prescott Bush and the DuPont family, the Remington family and J P Morgan tried to overthrow the US government – assassinate FDR – and put a Hitler-style Fascist state in place.  (United States of America & Coup & Bush & Conspiracy)  John Buchanan

 

 

35,814.  I appeared before the Congressional Committee, the highest representation of the American people, under subpoena to tell what I knew of activities which I believe might lead to an attempt to set up a fascist dictatorship ... I was supposed to lead an organisation of 500,000 men which would be able to take over the functions of government.  (New World Order & Secret Government & Fascism & Coup)  Major General Smedley Butler, 1934 evidence

 

 

35,825.  It must be considered that there is nothing more difficult to carry out nor more doubtful of success nor more dangerous to handle than to initiate a new order of things.  (New World Order & Coup)  Niccolo Machiavelli 1446-1507, Italian politician & philosopher

 

 

45,388.  A very British coup, wouldn’t you say?  (Politics & Coup)s  A Very British Coup 1988 ***** starring Ray McAnally & Alan MacNaughton & Keith Allen & Geoffrey Beavers & Marjorie Yates & Jim Carter & Philip Madoc & Jeremy Young et al; see novel Chris Mullins, Sir Percy to Harry  

 

 

60,037.  Disillusioned factions in the French military tried to organise a coup against de Gaulle.  They failed.  But extremist factions have formed a secret army called the OAS intent on killing de Gaulle and restoring Algeria to French rule.  (France & Assassinations: de Gaulle & Algeria & Coup)  Days that Shook the World: Conspiracy to Kill

 

 

19,818.  The military has overthrown Allende’s Socialist government nominating General Pinochet their permanent head.  (Gangstas: Sicily & Chile & Coup)  Corleone VI starring Caludio Gioe & Daniele Liotti & Simona Cavallari & Marco Leonardi & Salvatore Lazzaro & Marco Leonardi & Alfredo Pea et al, television news

 

 

69,180.  Kissinger approved of the preparations by Greek Cypriot fascists for the murder of President Makarios, and sanctioned the coup which tried to extend the rule of the Athens junta (a favoured client of his) to the island.  When despite great waste of life this coup failed in its objective, which was also Kissinger’s, of enforced partition, Kissinger promiscuously switched sides to support an even bloodier intervention by Turkey.  Thomas Boyatt ... went to Kissinger in advance of the anti-Makarios putsch and warned him that it could lead to a civil war.  ‘Spare me the civics lecture,’ replied Kissinger, who as you can readily see had an aphorism for all occasions.  (Cyprus & Kissinger & Coup)  Christopher Hitchens

 

 

66,860.  After Schneider’s death Allende was elected, but the efforts of Kissinger and Nixon to overthrow Allende would ultimately succeed.  In 1973 military forces launched a coup in Santiago, killing Allende.  Augusto Pinochet would assume power and begin a reign of terror that would last seventeen years.  The date was September 11th.  (Director & Chile & Kissinger & US Empire & Coup)  The Trials of Henry Kissinger, director Eugene Jarecki

 

65,969.  Khmer Rouge drew strength from the chaos of the country.  When they seized power in 1975 they forced populations of entire cities back to the countryside.  Then they began a policy of exterminating their enemies in execution grounds that came to be known as Killing Fields.  By 1979 another three million Cambodians had lost their lives.  (Cambodia & Nixon & Kissinger & US Empire & Coup)  ibid.

 

 

65,971.  Their leader Pol Pot had also studied revolutionary theories in Paris.  And he believed that the only way for Cambodian society to reach utopia was to destroy the whole of Bourgeois society and start again back to year zero.  Within hours of arriving in the capital Phnom Penh the Khmer Rouge set about slaughtering all the middle classes, some three million people in the end, because under Pol Pot’s logic they stood in the way of allowing the rest of the people to become truly free individuals.  (Cambodia & Bourgeois & Coup)  Adam Curtis, The Trap

 

 

75,231.  In reality Arbenz was a democratic socialist with no links to Moscow.  But Bernays set out to turn him into a communist threat to America.  He organised a trip to Guatemala for influential American journalists ... He also created a fake independent news agency in America.  It was called The Middle-American Information Bureau.  It bombarded the American media with press releases saying that Moscow was planning to use Guatemala as a beach-head to attack America.  All this had the desired effect.  But what Bernays was doing was not just trying to blacken the Arbenz regime, he was part of a secret plot.  President Eisenhower had agreed that America should topple the Arbenz government.  But secretly.  (Guatemala & Empire US & Coup & Propaganda)  Adam Curtis, The Century of the Self

 

 

138,314.  The Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II was a confident assertion of Britain’s power in the world.  But it was held in a city that was still ruined from the bombing ten years before.  Britain had been bankrupted by the War.  Many of those clustered around the new Queen knew that it could no longer afford to rule the world.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy)  Adam Curtis, The Mayfair Set I: Who Pays Wins ***** BBC 1999  

 

138,315.  Colonel David Sterling, a war hero famous for founding the Special Air Service, the SAS.  What Sterling would do was to sell to other countries Britain’s military power: Britain would supply them with modern weapons and with mercenaries who would fight their wars for them.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy)  ibid.

 

138,316.  In 1962 John Aspinall opened his own gambling club, the Clermont Club in Mayfair.  Stirling was one of its members.  The Clermont was deliberately designed to recreate a time when Britain had been rich and powerful.  The set that Apinall gathered around him at the Clermont were like Stirling disaffected right wingers, men who felt themselves out of tune with the consensus politics of the post-war world: they included James Goldsmith, a playboy and ferocious gambler who was to become a close friend of Stirling’s; the tycoon Tiny Roland who Stirling already knew from his time in Africa; Lord Lucan, a descendant of the man who had led the Charge of the Light Brigade; and Jim Slater, a takeover tycoon and asset-stripped who ran the notorious Slater-Walker.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Club)  ibid.         

 

100,255.  Stirling and Avery had dinner with the foreign secretary Alec Douglas Hume at White’s Club in St James’s.  They proposed a plan: a group of ex-SAS men would mount an operation to fight the Egyptians but they would do it privately.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Club & Egypt & Saudi & Yemen)  ibid.

 

100,256.  [Prince] Faisal was terrified that Nassar would invade his county next and agreed to the British idea: the Saudis would pay for the war.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Egypt & Saudi Arabia & Yemen)  ibid. 

 

100,257.  The Saudis agreed to pay for the British mercenaries but also to smuggle weapons into the Yemen.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Egypt & Saudi Arabia & Yemen)  ibid.

 

94,265.  What was invented in the Yemen was a new private form of foreign policy for Britain, paid for by other countries’ money.  But then at the very moment when Stirling’s team seemed to be on the brink of success, an economic crisis hit Britain which threatened his whole concept.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Egypt & Saudi Arabia & Yemen)  ibid.

 

100,258.  [Denis] Healey believed that instead British defence industries should make money for the country.  The Americans were selling weapons throughout the world and Healey wanted Britain to compete with them and earn precious foreign currency.  But Britain was not very good at selling weapons until David Stirling decided to get involved.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Egypt & Saudi Arabia & Yemen & Exports & Labour)  ibid.  

 

100,260.  He [Khashoggi] told Lockheed that the only way to win the [arms] deal was to bribe the Saudi government.  Ten years later in a Senate investigation Lockheed’s chairman admitted what had happened.  Stirling told the British government they would have to do the same as the Americas: pay commission to their agents in King Faisal’s entourage.  If they didn’t, Britain would lose the deal.  In December 1965 the Saudis announced they would buy the British planes: the bribes had worked.  It was the biggest export deal in Britain’s history.  And King Faisal came on a state visit to celebrate it.  It was also the beginning of the modern arms trade with the Middle East which has grown to dominate Britain’s economy.  And from it also came a much wider commercial relationship with Saudi Arabia.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Egypt & Saudi Arabia & Yemen & Exports & Bribery)  ibid.  

 

87,639.  By the late 60s many of Britain’s former colonies were being torn apart by civil war.  In Nigeria the federal government were fighting a vicious campaign to stop Biafra from seceding.  The British government were secretly supplying the federal side with weapons.  Their aim was to protect Britain’s oil interests in Nigeria.   (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Exports & Nigeria)  ibid.  

  

100,261.  As coups and civil wars spread throughout the Third World, Stirling was determined to find a subtler way to maintain Britain’s influence in the world.  He set up a secret organisation called WatchGuard: its job was to provide Africa and Middle-Eastern leaders with a private army of British mercenaries.  They would prevent the rulers that Stirling approved of from being overthrown.  WatchGuard was a great success.  Stirling organised protection for leaders in Africa and the Middle East.  (Great Britain & Power & British Empire & Arms & Army & Weapons & Coup & UK Foreign Policy & Exports & Africa & Middle East)  ibid.

 

 

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