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England 1400 to 1899 (I)
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  Eagle  ·  Ears  ·  Earth (I)  ·  Earth (II)  ·  Earthquake  ·  East Timor  ·  Easter  ·  Easter Island  ·  Eat  ·  Ebola  ·  Eccentric  ·  Economics (I)  ·  Economics (II)  ·  Ecstasy (Drug) & Molly & MDMA  ·  Ecstasy (Joy)  ·  Ecuador & Ecuadorian  ·  Edom & Edomites  ·  Education  ·  Edward I & Edward the First  ·  Edward II & Edward the Second  ·  Edward III & Edward the Third  ·  Edward IV & Edward the Fourth  ·  Edward VI & Edward the Sixth  ·  Edward VII & Edward the Seventh  ·  Edward VIII & Edward the Eighth  ·  Efficient & Efficiency  ·  Egg  ·  Ego & Egoism  ·  Egypt & Egyptians  ·  Einstein, Albert  ·  El Dorado  ·  El Salvador  ·  Elect & Election  ·  Electric & Electricity  ·  Electrons  ·  Elements  ·  Elephant  ·  Elijah (Bible)  ·  Elisha (Bible)  ·  Elite & Elitism  ·  Elizabeth I & Elizabeth the First  ·  Elizabeth II & Elizabeth the Second  ·  Elohim  ·  Eloquence & Eloquent  ·  Emerald  ·  Emergency & Emergency Powers  ·  Emigrate & Emigration  ·  Emotion  ·  Empathy & Sympathy  ·  Empire  ·  Empire Roman  ·  Empire UK & British Empire  ·  Empire US & American Empire (I)  ·  Empire US & American Empire (II)  ·  Empire US & American Empire (III)  ·  Empiric & Empirical  ·  Employ & Employment  ·  Employee  ·  Employer  ·  Enceladus  ·  End  ·  End of the World (I)  ·  End of the World (II)  ·  Endure & Endurance  ·  Enemy  ·  Energy  ·  Engagement  ·  Engine & Engineer & Engineering (I)  ·  Engine & Engineer & Engineering (II)  ·  England & English  ·  England 1400 to 1899 (I)  ·  England 1400-1899 (II)  ·  England 1400-1899 (III)  ·  England 1900 to Date  ·  England Early to 1399  ·  Enjoy & Enjoyment  ·  Enlightenment  ·  Enterprise  ·  Entertain & Entertainment  ·  Enthusiasm & Enthusiastic  ·  Entropy & Entropic  ·  Environment  ·  Envy & Envious  ·  Epidemic  ·  Epigrams  ·  Epiphany  ·  Epitaph  ·  Equality & Equal Rights  ·  Equatorial Guinea  ·  Equity & Equity Law  ·  Error  ·  Escape  ·  Eskimo & Inuit  ·  Esoteric  ·  Essex  ·  Establishment  ·  Esther (Bible)  ·  Eternity & Eternal  ·  Ether (Atmosphere)  ·  Ether (Drug)  ·  Ethics & Ethical  ·  Ethiopia & Ethiopians  ·  Eugenics  ·  Eulogy  ·  Europa  ·  Europe & Europeans  ·  European Union  ·  Euthanasia  ·  Evangelical & Evangelicalism  ·  Evening  ·  Everything  ·  Evidence  ·  Evil  ·  Evolution (I)  ·  Evolution (II)  ·  Exam & Examination  ·  Example  ·  Excellent & Excellence  ·  Excess & Excessive  ·  Excite & Excitement  ·  Excommunicate & Excommunication  ·  Excuse & Excuses  ·  Execute & Execution  ·  Exercise & Exercises  ·  Exist & Existence  ·  Existential & Existentialism  ·  Exorcism & Exorcist  ·  Expect & Expectation  ·  Expenditure  ·  Experience  ·  Experiment  ·  Expert & Expertise  ·  Explain & Explanation  ·  Explode & Explosion  ·  Explore & Expedition  ·  Export & Exports  ·  Expose & Exposure  ·  Extinct & Extinction  ·  Extra-Sensory Perception & ESP  ·  Extraterrestrial  ·  Extreme & Extremism  ·  Extremophiles  ·  Eyes  

★ England 1400 to 1899 (I)

England 1400 to 1899 (I): see England & England 1400-1899 II & England 1400-1899 III & England Early - 1399 & England 1900 to Date & Great Britain & United Kingdom & Scotland & Wales & Ireland & Northern Ireland Civil War & Anglo Saxon & Empire: Roman & Empire UK & Foreign Relations UK & Viking & Norman & Europe & European Community & Dark Ages & Middle Ages & Netherlands & War

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30,094.  When the Plague arrived in Britain one chronicler described it as, ‘Death coming into our midst like a black smoke.  A rootless phantom of no mercy.’  (Great Britain & England & Plague)  Bettany Hughes, Seven Ages of Britain: The Sixth Age: 1350 A.D. - 1530 A.D.

 

30,095.  The poll tax of 1380: everyone rich or poor over the age of fifteen had to pay twelve pence - a massive sum.  (Great Britain & England & Tax)  ibid.

 

30,096.  The freedom fighters soon paid for the revolt with their lives.  (Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

30,097.  The legal profession was booming in medieval Britain.  (Great Britain & England & Law)  ibid.

 

30,098.  The ravages of the black death had almost halved the male labour force.  (Great Britain & England & Plague)  ibid.

 

30,099.  Women flourish as apprentices to trade.  (Great Britain & England & Women)  ibid.

 

 

30,100.  Most people lived and died farming the land.  (Great Britain & England & Farming)  Bettany Hughes, Seven Ages of Britain: The Seventh Age: 1530 A.D. - 1700 A.D.

 

30,101.  That rich, hugely powerful and profoundly medieval institution the Roman Catholic Church ... Catholic magic was giving way to Protestant pragmatism.  (Great Britain & Catholic & Protestant)  ibid.

 

30,102.  Success depended on becoming numerate.  (Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

 

105,229.  This is the extraordinary tale of a peasant’s daughter who rose to wealth and status but lost it all.  She survived the plague and lived through four changes of the state religion.  She buried three of her children but gave birth to the world’s most famous poet.  (Shakespeare & England)  Michael Wood, Shakespeare’s Mother: The Secret Life of a Tudor Woman, BBC 2017

 

105,230.  Her children would become haberdashers and glovers, two of them made it in the entertainment industry in London … Life expectancy then was thirty-eight.  (Shakespeare & England)  ibid.  

 

105,231.  She was born around 1535 ... The local guide was stripped of its land and silver plate.  (Shakespeare & England)  ibid.

 

105,232.  When Mary was twelve King Henry VIII died.  (Shakespeare & England)  ibid.

 

105,233.  Stratford then was a small market town with maybe 1,200 people.  (Shakespeare & England)  ibid.   

 

105,234.  Wool was the mainstay of the economy.  (Shakespeare & England & Wool)  ibid.    

 

 

30,591.  The Reformation is an amazing story – the greatest destruction of our heritage in British history.  (Great Britain & England & Reformation)  Michael Wood, The Great British Story: A People’s History: Lost Worlds and New Worlds 5/8

 

30,592.  A Lollard revolt against King Henry V was crushed in 1414.  But at the grass roots their ideas survived.  (Great Britain & England & Catholic)  ibid.

 

30,593.  Henry ordered the closure or the dissolution of the monasteries.  (Great Britain & England & Catholic)  ibid.

 

30,594.  The first Africans living in Bristol are recorded in the 1560s.  (Great Britain & England & Black Culture)  ibid.

 

30,595.  Evidence of Tudor mixed marriages.  (Great Britain & England & Black Culture)  ibid.

 

30,596.  The Tudor age saw the beginnings of Britain’s black communities.  (Great Britain & England & Black Culture)  ibid.

 

30,597.  Edward VI: Edward was a pious cold-hearted swot.  (Great Britain & England & Edward VI)  ibid.

 

30,598.  The [Protestant] Revolution would turn out to be an attack on the very way of life of the people.  (Great Britain & England & Reformation & Protestant)  ibid.

 

30,600.  There was a link between Protestantism and the rise of Capitalism and Industry.  (Great Britain & England & Protestantism)  ibid.

 

30,601. Coal would be the driving force behind the Industrial Revolution.  (Great Britain & England & Coal & Industrial Revolution)  ibid.    

 

30,603.  In Ireland, England began a policy of plantations.  (Great Britain & England & Ireland & Reformation)  ibid.

 

30,604.  Four changes of religion in a single lifetime.  (Great Britain & England & Religion)  ibid.

 

30,605.  It was still state religion tied to the monarchy and backed by force.  (Great Britain & England & Religion)  ibid.

 

 

30,156.  In March 1625 it rang out to the death of the old king – King James.  (Great Britain & England & James I)  Michael Wood, The Great British Story VI: A People’s History: The Age of Revolution 6/8

 

30,157.  Religion and culture would divide them.  (Great Britain & England)  ibid.

 

30,158.  The edges of Charles’ Great Britain were burning.  (Great Britain & England & Charles I & Civil War: England)  ibid.

 

30,159.  The war would split regions, neighbours and even families.  (Great Britain & England & Civil War: England)  ibid.

 

30,160.  These were British civil wars.  (Great Britain & England & Civil War: England)  ibid.

 

30,161.  There were war crimes ... How far would the revolution go?  (Great Britain & England & Civil War: England)  ibid.

 

30,162.  On the streets of Dublin, Cromwell is still a swear-word.  (Great Britain & Civil War: England & Cromwell & Ireland)  ibid.

 

30,163.  The monarchy was restored but with a king whose powers were now limited.  (Great Britain & England & Monarchy)  ibid.

 

 

30,165.  The origins of empire and the industrial revolution ... Traditional industries began to mechanise.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Empire)  Michael Wood, The Great British Story: A People’s History: Industry and Empire 7/8

 

30,166.  In the eighteenth century chains had many different uses ... As capitalism expanded it co-opted the world for its workforce and it didn’t care how it got them. (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Capitalism)  ibid.

 

30,167.  This was the great age of canals.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Canals)  ibid.

 

30,168.  The steam engine – invented in England in the early eighteenth century and perfected by James Watt.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Steam & Engineering)  ibid.

 

30,169.  The lunar men ... led by Matthew Boulton.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution)  ibid.

 

30,170.  The Tolpuddle Martyrs – still a landmark in British labour history.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Protest & Labour & Worker & Demonstration)  ibid.

 

30,171.  The rights of the British people were not handed down from on high but won by the people themselves – at a cost.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Workers & Rights & Protest & Solidarity & Demonstration)  ibid.

 

30,172. The Peterloo Massacre inspired new forms of social action.  (Great Britain & England & Industrial Revolution & Workers & Rights & Protest & Solidarity & Demonstration)  ibid.

 

 

30,174.  There was still a huge gulf between rich and poor.  In 1910 the chain makers of the black country went on strike ... The most exploited were the women.  (Great Britain & England & Strike & Industrial Action & Chain)  Michael Wood, The Great British Story: A People’s History 8/8

 

30,175.  In 1919 the Irish War of Independence – the Anglo-Irish War – brought the end of British rule after more than three centuries.  (Great Britain & England & Ireland & IRA)  ibid.

 

30,176.  The Labour Party’s victory in the election of 1945 put in hand a visionary project by Sir William Beveridge.  (Great Britain & England & Labour Party)  ibid.

 

30,177.  1960: 533,000 textile workers; 1978: 209,000 textile workers; 1960: 700,000 miners; 1998: 9,000 miners in the UK.  (Great Britain & England & Mining & Textiles)  ibid.

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