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England 1400-1899 (II)
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  Eagle  ·  Ears  ·  Earth (I)  ·  Earth (II)  ·  Earthquake  ·  East Timor  ·  Easter  ·  Easter Island  ·  Eat  ·  Ebola  ·  Eccentric  ·  Economics (I)  ·  Economics (II)  ·  Ecstasy (Drug) & Molly & MDMA  ·  Ecstasy (Joy)  ·  Ecuador & Ecuadorian  ·  Edom & Edomites  ·  Education  ·  Edward I & Edward the First  ·  Edward II & Edward the Second  ·  Edward III & Edward the Third  ·  Edward IV & Edward the Fourth  ·  Edward VI & Edward the Sixth  ·  Edward VII & Edward the Seventh  ·  Edward VIII & Edward the Eighth  ·  Efficient & Efficiency  ·  Egg  ·  Ego & Egoism  ·  Egypt & Egyptians  ·  Einstein, Albert  ·  El Dorado  ·  El Salvador  ·  Elect & Election  ·  Electric & Electricity  ·  Electrons  ·  Elements  ·  Elephant  ·  Elijah (Bible)  ·  Elisha (Bible)  ·  Elite & Elitism  ·  Elizabeth I & Elizabeth the First  ·  Elizabeth II & Elizabeth the Second  ·  Elohim  ·  Eloquence & Eloquent  ·  Emerald  ·  Emergency & Emergency Powers  ·  Emigrate & Emigration  ·  Emotion  ·  Empathy & Sympathy  ·  Empire  ·  Empire Roman  ·  Empire UK & British Empire  ·  Empire US & American Empire (I)  ·  Empire US & American Empire (II)  ·  Empire US & American Empire (III)  ·  Empiric & Empirical  ·  Employ & Employment  ·  Employee  ·  Employer  ·  Enceladus  ·  End  ·  End of the World (I)  ·  End of the World (II)  ·  Endure & Endurance  ·  Enemy  ·  Energy  ·  Engagement  ·  Engine & Engineer & Engineering (I)  ·  Engine & Engineer & Engineering (II)  ·  England & English  ·  England 1400 to 1899 (I)  ·  England 1400-1899 (II)  ·  England 1400-1899 (III)  ·  England 1900 to Date  ·  England Early to 1399  ·  Enjoy & Enjoyment  ·  Enlightenment  ·  Enterprise  ·  Entertain & Entertainment  ·  Enthusiasm & Enthusiastic  ·  Entropy & Entropic  ·  Environment  ·  Envy & Envious  ·  Epidemic  ·  Epigrams  ·  Epiphany  ·  Epitaph  ·  Equality & Equal Rights  ·  Equatorial Guinea  ·  Equity & Equity Law  ·  Error  ·  Escape  ·  Eskimo & Inuit  ·  Esoteric  ·  Essex  ·  Establishment  ·  Esther (Bible)  ·  Eternity & Eternal  ·  Ether (Atmosphere)  ·  Ether (Drug)  ·  Ethics & Ethical  ·  Ethiopia & Ethiopians  ·  Eugenics  ·  Eulogy  ·  Europa  ·  Europe & Europeans  ·  European Union  ·  Euthanasia  ·  Evangelical & Evangelicalism  ·  Evening  ·  Everything  ·  Evidence  ·  Evil  ·  Evolution (I)  ·  Evolution (II)  ·  Exam & Examination  ·  Example  ·  Excellent & Excellence  ·  Excess & Excessive  ·  Excite & Excitement  ·  Excommunicate & Excommunication  ·  Excuse & Excuses  ·  Execute & Execution  ·  Exercise & Exercises  ·  Exist & Existence  ·  Existential & Existentialism  ·  Exorcism & Exorcist  ·  Expect & Expectation  ·  Expenditure  ·  Experience  ·  Experiment  ·  Expert & Expertise  ·  Explain & Explanation  ·  Explode & Explosion  ·  Explore & Expedition  ·  Export & Exports  ·  Expose & Exposure  ·  Extinct & Extinction  ·  Extra-Sensory Perception & ESP  ·  Extraterrestrial  ·  Extreme & Extremism  ·  Extremophiles  ·  Eyes  

★ England 1400-1899 (II)

England 1400-1899 II: see England & England 1400-1899 I & England 1400-1899 III & England Early - 1399 & England 1900 to Date & Great Britain & United Kingdom & Scotland & Wales & Ireland & Northern Ireland Civil War & Anglo Saxon & Empire: Roman & Empire UK & Foreign Relations UK & Viking & Norman & Europe & European Community & Dark Ages & Middle Ages & Netherlands & War

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4,375.  1579: a new age of piracy … Francis Drake.  (Humanity & England & Piracy)  Mankind: The Story of All of Us VIII: Treasure

 

4,376.  Enough to pay off England’s entire national debt and fund its government for a year.  (Humanity & England)  ibid.

 

 

17,767.  At the heart of the royal regalia the King’s State’s Crown.  Solid gold and bedecked with four hundred precious stones.  The Golden Orb inlaid with six hundred jewels and the solid gold Sovereign’s Sceptre.  (Gangstas: United Kingdom & England & Monarchy)  Days that Shook the World: Grand Heist

 

17,768.  They had cost a staggering £32,000.  (Gangstas: United Kingdom & England & Monarchy)  ibid.

 

17,769.  After Charles II was reinstated in 1660 Cromwellians like Blood quickly lost favour.  He began to plot against the new royalist regime.  (Gangstas: United Kingdom & England & Monarchy & Charles II)  ibid.

 

17,770.  April 1671: Blood was disguised then as now as a parson. (Gangstas: United Kingdom & England & Monarchy)  ibid.

 

17,771.  9th May 1671:  As soon as they are near the jewels Blood and Parrot attack.  (Gangstas: United Kingdom & England & Monarchy)  ibid.

 

17,772.  The three principle conspirators are all in jail.  (Gangstas: United Kingdom & England & Monarchy)  ibid.

 

17,773. King Charles considers Blood’s appeal ... He signs Blood’s pardon.  (Gangstas: United Kingdom & England & Monarchy & Charles II)  ibid.

 

 

30,791.  In the summer of 1693 Isaac Newton was having a catastrophic nervous breakdown.  He had always suffered intense bouts of depression and mania.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Depression & Science)  Tristram Hunt, Great Britons: Isaac Newton

 

30,792.  When he was still a young boy his mother left him ... Isaac had to stay behind at Woolsthorpe.  He was effectively abandoned.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science & Rejection)  ibid.

 

30,793.  His favourite book was The Mysteries of Nature & Art.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.

 

30,794.  A lonely schoolboy was laying the foundations of modern science.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.    

 

30,795.  He then drew up a list entitled Some Problems in Philosophy.  Under forty-five different headings he identified what he saw as the great unanswered questions of science.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.

 

30,796.  The image of the lone scientists in his garden unlocking the mysteries of the universe resonates through history ... Rather than developing a full theory of Gravity he put it to one side and rather focused his mind on a completely different branch of science: Optics.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.

 

30,797.  Knowledge to him was something sacred and solitary ... He made the world’s first reflecting telescope.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science & Knowledge)  ibid.

 

30,798.  His sense of betrayal and injustice was overwhelming.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.

 

30,799.  Instead became obsessed with the Bible.  It seems an extraordinary chance of tack.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science & Bible)  ibid.

 

30,800.  Unknown to others he had been consumed by alchemy ... The Lucasian Professor had become the sorcerer’s apprentice ... He wrote over a million words on alchemy.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science & Alchemy)  ibid.

 

30,801.  He decided to write a definitely guide to the workings of the universe ... At a stroke Newton had changed everything: the cosmos had become knowable, mathematical; it was a staggering achievement.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.

 

30,802.  Philosophae Naturalis Principia Mathematica ... One such first edition was recently sold at auction for £2,000,000.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science & Book)  ibid.

 

30,803.  He was concerned with motion ... Newton was able to devise the three laws of motion.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.

 

30,804.  He left us ideas, ideas that allow us to control the forces of Nature and change our world.  Ideas that will always be with us wherever we go.  (England & Great Britain & Newton & Science)  ibid.

 

 

112,816.  Only a year after Henry’s coronation in 1400 the Welsh rose up against England rule, but the greatest threat to England came from within England and from the family which had been his own strongest supporters –  the Percys.  (Monarchy & England & Henry IV)  Monarchy by David Starkey s1e6: Death of a Dynasty  

 

112,817.  No heir to the throne had served a more distinguished apprenticeship … He fought bravely against Hotspur … the led the English to victory … but suddenly at the age of 35 Henry caught dysentery and died.  (Monarchy & England & Henry V)  ibid. 

 

112,818.  Everything would depend on Henry’s son – the nine month old … Henry [VI] was also named king of France … The government of England and France was divided between the king’s two uncles … French resistence couldn’t be suppressed.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VI)  ibid.

 

112,819.  By the time Henry was 30 he’d lost everything his father had won.  Only Calais remained in English hands.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VI)  ibid.  

 

112,820.  Now York turned the tables on the house of Lancaster … Henry would remain king whilst he lived and York would succeed only after his death, but everybody reckoned without queen Margaret’s ferocious mother-love … She led her forces against York; Margaret was victorious.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VI)  ibid.

 

112,821.  He seized the throne and ruled as King Edward IV; Henry was captured … But then his own followers started to quarrel … A total and final defeat for the house of Lancaster … Henry VI was dispatched with a blow of the head.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VI & Edward IV)  ibid.  

 

 

112,822.  Civil war and revolution: politics fused with religion first strengthening the monarchy, then bringing it to its knees.  In this revolutionary period the monarchy acquired a potent new symbol: elaborate outside crown made for the Tudor dynasty.  (Monarchy & England & Crown)  Monarchy by David Starkey s2e1: The Crown Imperial, Channel 4 2005

 

112,823.  Henry [VII] was a man who should never have been king at all; he seized the throne against all the odds … His enemies, three brutal brothers, tore themselves apart through murder and betrayal.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VII)  ibid.  

 

112,824.  By the mid-1470s Elizabeth had presented Edward [IV] with five daughters and crucially two sons.  (Monarchy & England & Edward IV)  iibid. 

 

112,825.  He was crowned King Richard III at Westminster on July 6th with the full blessing of parliament … opposition to Richard was growing.  (Monarchy & England & Richard III)  ibid.

 

112,826.  The two sides came face to face at Bosworth in the Midlands … Henry was crowned Henry VII two months later promising to restore the glory days of his namesake King Henry V.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VII)  ibid.

 

112,827.  Arthur, Henry’s son and heir, died.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VII)  ibid.

 

 

112,891.  On 24th June 1509 Henry VII’s son Henry VIII was crowned … No-one could have guessed how radical even revolutionary it would prove to be.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VIII)  Monarchy by David Starkey s2e2: King and Emperor

 

112,892.  His brother Arthur died suddenly of a fever followed soon after by his beloved mother.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VIII)  ibid.  

 

112,893.  One of Henry’s first acts as king was to marry his brother’s widow … six years his senior.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VIII)  ibid.

 

112,894.  Rome instead was the obstacle that had delayed his divorce for five long years.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VIII)  ibid.

 

112,895.  More refused the oath and he was imprisoned.  (Monarchy & England & Henry VIII)  ibid.

 

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