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★ Crimea & Crimean War

Crimea & Crimean War: War & Great Britain & England & Empire UK & Ukraine & Russia & Victoria & Battle

Simon Schama TV - Jeremy Paxman TV - Empires: Queen Victoria’s Empire TV - Brison D Gooch - John Skelton Curtiss - David M Goldfrank - J P T Bury - A J P Taylor - Shepard Clough -   

 

 

4,813.  Mary Seacole was West-Indian ... When Britain joined the Crimean War in 1854 she tried to volunteer her services at the front ... She was turned down by the likes of Nurse Nightingale ... Mary Seacole built her British hotel right on the front line ... Mortars would wizz past the big old woman trundling the front lines.  After the war was over the soldiers feted her at a charity gala.  She had become briefly an eminent Victorian.  (Woman & Crimean War & Nurse & Great Britain & England)  Simon Schama, A History of Britain: Forces of Nature

 

 

31,187.  Just six hundred men charged into the valley against five thousand Russian soldiers and their artillery.  (England & Great Britain & Crimean War)  Jeremy Paxman, The Victorians: Having It All

 

 

31,207.  Crimea: it had been forty years since the British army had fought a major war.  It was ill prepared and worse led.  (England & Great Britain & Empire & Crimean War)  Empires: Queen Victoria’s Empire II: Passage to India PBS

 

 

19,970.  Examination of the circumstances which created the Crimean War has proven to be one of modern historiography’s thorniest problems.  Brison D Gooch

 

 

68,858.  The Tsar had set his face against change and wanted to use his influence over the Christians of Turkey to keep them from rebellion.  He wished, certainly, to obtain a more bearable existence for them, but chiefly in order, as he repeatedly said, to remove the incentive for rebellion against the Ottoman rulers.  John Skelton Curtiss, Russia’s Crimean War

 

 

68,859.  Most of Europe’s top statesmen and diplomats were fearful, anxious and frustrated.  They considered the Holy Places to have been a stupid pretext for an international crisis, but blamed Nicholas for escalating it and the Turks for not ceding.  Both sides seemed incomprehensible, since Russia was becoming more and more isolated, but the Turks could not possibly win a war.  David M Goldfrank, The Origins of the Crimean War

 

 

68,860.  The Emperor liked to employ unofficial agents and bypass the regular channels of the Foreign Ministry ... he preferred methods that were clandestine, secret conciliabule and interviews at which he was the sole French negotiator.  Thus, in the realm of foreign policy still more than any other department of state, his ministers were often ... ‘not counselors, but mere executors of designs of which they only see fragments’.  Foreign policy thus was his peculiar prerogative, the Emperor’s secret, just as it has been sometimes in the eighteenth century the ‘secret of the King’.  J P T Bury, Napoleon III and the Second Empire

 

 

68,861.  In some sense the Crimean war was predestined and had deep-seated causes.  Neither Nicholas [of Russia] nor Napoleon [III of France] nor the British government could retreat in the conflict for prestige once it was launched.  Nicholas needed a subservient Turkey for the sake of Russian security; Napoleon needed success for the sake of his domestic position; the British government needed an independent Turkey for the security of the Eastern Mediterranean ... Mutual fear, not mutual aggression, caused the Crimean war.  A J P Taylor, The Struggle for Mastery in Europe

 

 

68,862.  The Crimean war was fought for the sake of Europe rather than for the Eastern question; it was fought against Russia, not in favor of Turkey ... The British fought Russia out of resentment and supposed that her defeat would strengthen the European Balance of Power.  A J P Taylor

 

 

68,863.  The war ... was not the result of a calculated plan, nor even of hasty last-minute decisions made under stress.  It was the consequence of more than two years of fatal blundering in slow-motion by inept statesmen who had months to reflect upon the actions they took.  It arose from Napoleon’s search for prestige; Nicholas’s quest for control over the Straits; his naïve miscalculation of the probable reactions of the European powers; the failure of those powers to make their positions clear; and the pressure of public opinion in Britain and Constantinople at crucial moments.  Shepard Clough, A History of the Western World